UPS Strike In early August of 1997 the United Parcel Service (UPS) had a predicament on its hands, a teamsters strike. UPS, the world’s largest package distribution company was coming off a year  in which they reported sales of $22.4 billion. UPS Employed 75,000 management and non-union employees compared with 185,000 teamsters who are part of the AFL-CIO that were going on strike. The teamsters rejected a contract extension offer from the company leaving the fate of millions of packages carrying everything from lobsters to laser printers up in the air (Johnson). Tensions between union supporters and management began mounting in the years preceding the strike.
There were hostilities between workers, employers, and organizations and complaints of no social safety nets. Due to these chaotic dilemmas, union members decided to emerge as one, in order to overcome the corporations. Methods of scientific management were incorporated and the two ideological groups (radicals and conservatives) were firmly rooted in the belief of mutualism. However, conflicts between anarchists and capitalists ignited strikes, generating the Haymarket Square Riot along with the Homestead and Pullman strikes. It was then clear that they could not eliminate corporate control.
The movement for the eight-hour workday was one of the most violent struggles for laborers. Their struggle is defined by protests that were broken up by the police and the Pinkertons. The Pinkertons were a mercenary police group for hire, whose services were often retained to break strikes. Many people were killed before demands to shorten the workday were finally met. In response to a protest at the McCormick Harvester factory in Chicago where the police reportedly killed six workers, local radicals led by Albert Parsons organized a meeting at Haymarket Square in downtown Chicago.
The creation of labor unions was a reaction to the numerous complaints about working conditions, wages, and work hours. The first unions protested with peace and reason. Once they realized that nothing could be accomplished through negotiation, drastic measures were taken and violence was the answer to their problems. The clashes between management and workforce in the Great Railroad Strike, Homestead Strike, and Pullman Strike emphasize these crises that were resolved through force and destruction. Economic depression in 1873 was the main factor in setting off the 10% wage cuts and shortening of work days in the railroad business.
The Knights of Labor participated in the Haymarket Strike. Employers were planning to cut the wages of their employees by replacing them with industrialized machinery. This angered employees and many turned to the Labor Unions, most notably the Knights of Labor at the time, to hold strikes and boycotts. In Chicago on May 4th, 1886, tens of thousands of men and women of all different races and nationalities rallied together in hope of gaining an eight hour workday. ("Haymarket Square Riot" U.S. History in Context).
Students gathered and burned a copy of the constitution. Also many riots broke out in downtown Kent. The extent of the damage done in Kent was estimated at fifteen thousand dollars. Upon learning about these problems the mayor, Leroy Satrom, called a state of emergency and contacted Governor James Rhodes for assistance. On May second, the ROTC building at Kent State was burnt down during a protest.
It turned into a widespread uprising against the German Democratic Republic who were communists. The workers first protested on June 16 by not working and marching down Stalinalle Avenue. This road is now called Karl-Marx-Alle, this is important because he had helped write the “Communist Manifesto”. Word got out about the uprising on a West Berlin based radio station. Soon more than one million people in 700 locations joined the uprising on June 16.
(Pg.30-31)” These conditions led to massive anger. Workers were joining unions like the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in growing numbers, seeking a solution to their difficult circumstances. Unfortunately, the AFL leadership tried to win favor with the bosses by siding with them and rigging the union structures to maintain their privileged positions. But these lead to defeats for the workers and there demands. In Minneapolis workers also had to face the Citizens Alliance, an association of employers dominated by the wealthiest local... ... middle of paper ... ...4 strikes in Minneapolis inspired many around the country to fight for what was right in the work place.
The Great Strike had important repercussions; a rise of national labor unions, an escalation in labor conflicts, a rethinking of the role of state and federal governments in labor conflicts and the establishment of labor rights as a continuing political issue. The Panic of 1873 had triggered a severe economic depression and by the summer of 1877 the United States was still stuck in that depression. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was a result of the depression. Ten percent wage cuts added to earlier salary reductions led to the labor unrest which began on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in Martinsburg, West Virginia and rapidly spread to other railroad lines around the country. Few of the strikers were ... ... middle of paper ... ...duced the railroad corporations' power.
This type of strike would be similar to something unions would embrace today. Things changes when it seemed the Carnegie Steel was going to try and bring in replacement workers for those on strike. The company was within limits of the law if they brought non-union members in to work. The first official battle occurred on July 6 because it was discovered that 300 Pinkerton detectives were coming ashore from up the river to the Carnegie Mills. The union workers were then going to seize the mills and keep out all people working for Carnegie.