Many strikes also happened throughout the gilded age just as the Ladies' Waist and Dress Makers' Union, Local No. 25 of the ILGWU did. An example from the gilded age would be the first labor strike, the railroad strike of 1877, where they refused to work due to cut wages. Hundreds of people died in the railroad strike. Another example is the Haymarket riot, where they demanded an eight-hour workday where this too had hundreds of people die.
He sent twenty-five hundred federal troops to end the strike. A riot broke out and several strikers were killed and injured as well as many from the troops. Eugene V. Debs was arrested and the American Railway Union was broken up ("Pullman Strike"). The strike was unsuccessful in gaining any rights. George Pullman was responsible for the actions taken by his employees however, he failed to provide them with their rights.
As a final point, humans are engineered to be violent up to some degree, and fighting just to settle disagreements are never acceptable. Humans by nature are violent to survive and thrive, not to end disagreements easily. Society changes the way we look at situations, therefore it might have seen alright to duel to end a disagreement in honor during Romeo’s time. Under those circumstances, under today’s view that would have not been proper. However, consciously humans feel remorse after killing one another.
The SAPS responded to the violent strike and were attacked. What happened next brought back memories of apartheid violence when the SAPS killed 34 protesters and left 78 miners wounded. African National Congress Youth League former president, Julius Malema, addressed the miners and encouraged them to fight for their cause even if it would result in death. Workers eventually obtained an 11% wage increase and on 1 October the Marikana Commission of Inquiry into the killings opens in Rustenburg (Forrest 2013). This travesty not only had a social impact but an economical one as well.
The mining industry has played a central and often tragic role in Latin American history, starting with the hunger for gold and silver that drove the Spanish conquest and led to the enslavement of indigenous people. 5th August 2010, 33 Chilean miners were trapped 2,000 feet underground for over two weeks. The miners were working at a depth of around 450m (1,475ft) at the San Esteban mine, near the city of Copiapo, when the rock above them collapsed. (Herald, 2010) This was a headline around the world and forever pain for the miners and their family members. Major incident is uncommon in Chile, the top mine producer country.
1886 was a troubled year for labor relations. There were nearly 1,600 strikes involving 600,000 workers, with the eight-hour day being the important item for all of the strikes. Failure of some of the strikes and internal conflicts between the skilled workers and the unskilled led to a decline in the Knights popularity and influence. Another organization called the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions created a constitution that other unions could adhere to. This constitution met in Pittsburgh on Nov. 15 1881 and was created by representatives of the cigar makers, the printers, the merchant seamen, steel workers, carpenters and local units of the Knights of Labor.
The West Fertilizer Plant Explosion On April 17, 2013, the community of West, Texas, suffered a devastating and heartbreaking event in the evening hours. After a fire broke out inside the West Fertilizer plant, a massive explosion leveled the facility, caused millions of dollars in damage to surrounding buildings, and took the lives of over a dozen people. Sadly, the majority of those killed were volunteer firefighters who had responded to the fire and were unable to retreat to a safe distance before the explosion. Nearly 200 injuries were also reported to have been treated at local hospitals (Wood, 2013). The explosion was said to be caused by the combination of the fire and large stores of ammonium nitrate fertilizer at the plant.
Economic depression in 1873 was the main factor in setting off the 10% wage cuts and shortening of work days in the railroad business. In 1877, Laborers took action by seizing control of the rails by sequestering the rail switches and by blockading freight trains, only letting passenger trains through. Strikes broke out in many cities including Baltimore where 10 protesters and bystanders were killed by the local militia. Engulfed in rage, the laborers rampaged through the city destroying all things pertaining to trains. Only after Hayes was called for help did the real action begin.
The way the strike was presented to the public was shrouded in cultural symbology of poverty, and through these very symbols the strikers formed an identity of solidarity. The Ludlow Massacre took place during one of the most violent labor struggles in United States history; while the strike ultimately ended after fourteen months it is remembered as a victory for the union, United Mine Workers of America (Walker, p. 67), and as a site of remembrance for the lives lost for the right to unionize. The Southern Colorado Coal fields were a great source for the coal used in railways and was a heavily industrialized area. They acted like self sustained cities, the power the companies had over the miners live was widespread. The most profitable coal operation was owned by the Rockefeller’s Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, despite the deplorable conditions of the min... ... middle of paper ... ...oncerning poverty displayed during the Colorado Coal Strike has stayed with United States culture, and shows little signs of leaving.
Tensions between union supporters and management began mounting in the years preceding the strike. In April of 1994, the International Union led a three-week strike against major tracking companies in the freight hauling industry in attempts to stop management from creating $9 per hour part-time positions. This would only foreshadow battles to come between management and union. Later, in 1995, teamsters mounted an unprecedented national union campaign in attempts to defeat the labor-management “cooperation” scheme that UPS management tried to establish in order to weaken the union before contract talks (Witt, Wilson). This strike was distinguished from other strikes of recent years in that it was an offensive strike, not a defensive one.