Bipolar Affective Disorder

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Bipolar Affective Disorder June 4, 2010 Bipolar Affective Disorder The number of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder continues to rise every year. Bipolar affective disorder affects 2.6 percent of adults, starting at the age of eighteen. Bipolar affective disorder often develops in late teens or in the early adult years. It is likely that all nurses will be involved in taking care of patients with bipolar affective disorder. I would like to research more about effective treatments, to provide an opportunity for the patients I care for, achieve the most positive outcome. Bipolar affective disorder is a long-term illness that must be monitored closely. There is evidence showing bipolar disorder has a strong hereditary component. (Nursing, 2006, p. 4). Suicide is higher in the early stages of bipolar disorder, usually when making a transition from one phase to another. Substance abuse may prolong the bipolar disorder symptoms. Bipolar affective disorder is characterized by unusual shifts in mood between the elation (manic) and extreme depression (depressive) phase. The manic phase is characterized by a euphoric or irritable mood that lasts at least one week. The manic phase often interferes with work and personal relationships. Mania is often the first episode in males. People in this phase require hospitalization to return to normal functioning. Symptoms of mania include: restlessness, increased energy, unrealistic belief in ones abilities, decreased need for sleep or foods, impulsive behavior, extremely irritable and distracted easily. The three stages of mania are hypomania, acute mania, and delirious mania. In the hypomania stage, the patients feel good with the excess of energy and increased activity levels. The ... ... middle of paper ... affective disorder. Bipolar affective disorder is a life long illness. Families that are affected by this illness should seek support and receive education about the illness. Education helps to recognize signs of relapse, and also gives patient opportunity to lead a life reaching their highest potential. References Steinkuller, A., & Rheineck, J., (2009). A review of evidence-based therapeutic interventions for bipolar disorder. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 1-12. Retrieved June 1, 2010, from Murphy, K., (2006). Managing the ups and downs of bipolar disorder. Nursing 2006, 36(10), 58-63. Figgis, M. (Director). (1993). Mr. Jones [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia TriStar Film Distributors International.

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