About six percent of American adults have had GAD at some point in their lives (NIMH, 2005). The National Institute of Mental Health also reported that this disorder is most common in adults between the ages 45 and 59; 7.7% of the adults in this age group were diagnosed with GAD. Women are twice as likely to develop anxiety disorders—such as GAD—as men. Brain structure and chemistry may play a role in this, since women trigger their fight-or-flight response more easily and longer than men (Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 2014). As stated in the fifth edition of Diagno... ... middle of paper ... ...iders or commits suicide (Screening for Mental Health, 2010).
People that have a blood relative with bipolar disorder have a greater chance of also being bipolar. When someone has a stressful, abusive event, or has suffered a great loss may also trigger bipolar (WebMD). Symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary from mild to severe. The symptoms of mania consist of mood changes such as periods of feeling “high” or exceedingly happy and outgoing while also being agitated. People suffering from mania ... ... middle of paper ... ...y/conditions/adult/mental_health_disorders/manic_depressionbipolar_disorder_85,P00743/>.
Over 2.5 million people in America have bipolar disorder. This disorder usually occurs during adolescence or early adulthood and continues throughout life. Although, young children can be diagnosed with manic depression as well. Bipolar disorder also shows symptoms by being very irritable and having destructive tantrums throughout the day. Sommers (2000), wrote that teenage guys and girls are equally likely to experience manic depression, but it is often more apparent in girls ( p.15 ).
Bipolar disorder I is a mood disorder characterized by periods of manic behavior alternating with major depression. “Bipolar disorder affects about five million seven hundred thousand adult Americans each year”, says the national institute of health. There are two types of Bipolar disorder; there is Bipolar disorder one and two. Bipolar Disorder I is requires at least one manic episode and in 80-90% of cases, people also experience depression. A manic episode is defined as a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting at least one week or more.
(5) Men and women are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder. Children and adolescents may show signs or have symptoms of bipolar disorder, yet a person's first manic episode usually strikes in their early 20s. Bipolar disorder is also more common among those who have family members, specifically first-degree relatives, with this disorder than with those who do not. (6) Unfortunately, many people suffer for years before properly diagnosed and treated or the illness may be never recognized at all. (4) Generally, bipolar disorder causes dramatic mood swings—from overly "high" and/or irritable to sad and hopeless, and then back again, often with periods of stable moods in between.
With kids, manic episodes tend to be filled more with rage and destructive behaviors, rather than the happy and careless episodes that many adults may experience. One reason that diagnosis tends to be delayed for children is some of the same symptoms that they experience during bipolar episodes are often related to depression as well. It is believed that up to a third of the over 3 million children who are being treated for depression are in fact bipolar instead. Depression also has the ability to develop into a bipolar disorder and some 20% of children develop this disorder within 5 years of the onset of major depression. The exact cause of bipolar disorders is unknown, but scientists believe that a major cause is due to genetics.
Moral Model vs. Disease Model One major problem with America is that we tend to criminalize individuals that have a mental disorder, just as we do with people who have a drug addiction. We look at the moral model and assume that th... ... middle of paper ... ...e that much more interested in the topic because it is believed that due to my Grandma having depression it caused her to be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s at a fairly young age in adulthood. The amount of individuals who deal with depression each year is astonishing. The website states that approximately 25 million Americans will receive at least one major depression outbreak just this year and only half will receive treatment for this disorder. Leaving this disorder untreated can lead too much more negative effects just like my Grandma experienced.
To understand schizophrenia, one must understand who it affects, the range of symptoms present in patients, and effective treatment options. Affected Population The debilitating diagnosis of schizophrenia “affects about [one percent] of the world's population, and remains a major challenge for clinical and biological psychiatry." (Ritsner, 2011, p. 22) While it can onset at any age, young adults are statistically most likely to develop the condition. In particular, young adult males make up the greatest population of schizophrenics, being almost twice as prevalent as young adult females. However, females are increasingly more likely to develop the disorder as they age and late onset schizophrenia occurs mostly in older females; this is considered to be caused by “estrogen systems [which are] implicated as protectors before .
Schizophrenia affects both males and females; however, the onset will often occur earlier in men than women and slightly more men are affected. About one fourth of people will only have a couple of episodes then they will fully recover. The next 50% will end up on medication but their personal life won’t be affected greatly. The last quarter will have more of a persistent form of the illness which will make it hard to find medication that will work efficiently and they will be hospitalized over and over again. Over 50% of people with schizophrenia are not receiving appropriate care.
Some of these include: manic depressive-disorder, bipolar mood disorder, and bipolar affective disorder. Bipolar disorder is defined as a mood disorder that causes drastic emotional changes and mood swings. These mood swings can range from manic highs, to depressive lows. It is also characterized by severe changes in mood. Bipolar disorder is a serious mental condition that may lead to risky behavior.