The most effective therapy to treat depression is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. (CBT) was coined in the 1960’s by Dr. Aaron T. Beck. Beck was a psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania where he studied and practiced psychoanalysis. His main goal was to carry out experiments to test psychoanalytic concepts of depression. In his finding he came across patients experiencing steams of negative thoughts. These thoughts usually happened spontaneously and where then named- automatic thoughts. Everyone suffers from these thoughts, some more than others. The more he studied the more he realized these thoughts could easily be put into three categories: thoughts about themselves, the world, or the future. His goal was to help patients realize …show more content…
Though most people associate this theory with B.F Skinner, the roots go back to John Watson, an American psychologist. After speaking out on his apposing views of Freud’s theory of psychology, he pioneered a new school of thought- behaviorism. Watson explained it to be the science of observable behavior which he believed was the only form of behavior that could be of real value for the study of humans. His sole reason for apposing Freud’s theory of the unconscious mind was because it was not observable and was based on the psychologist’s own interpretation. “Watson found this emphasis on introspection and subjective interpretation to be very unscientific and unhelpful in understand behavior,” (Weibell, 2011). While Watson focused on classical conditioning, B.F Skinner developed operant conditioning, which gave him the name “father of operant conditioning”. “…it means roughly changing of behavior by the use of reinforcement which is given after the desired response” (McLeod, …show more content…
Behavior that makes sense to a depressed person causes low levels of positive reinforcement, behavioral interventions counter the tendency to avoid and withdraw oneself. This increases the patient’s sense of self-efficacy and address needs of self-care that were neglected during the depressive episodes. The first step in this process if for the client to monitor current activity levels and- with the therapist’s help- assign a schedule of enjoyable activities. The assignments are set for the times that the client has increasing depressive symptoms in order for the client to note the changes that cure in their mood at this time. The experiment tests the faulty predictions the clients make about their successes and failures. The therapist also helps the client make step-by-step plans for the activities that cause the most anxiety in the client. When the client is instructed to do specific activities, it becomes obvious to the therapist their patterns of withdrawal and avoidance, making it easier to evaluate. Behavioral activation also ensures that future social interactions become more rewarding because skill deficits are targeted (Sudak, 2012). In the article, “Behavioral Activation Strategies for Major Depression in Transdiagnostic Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy”, Todd J. Farchione, James F. Boswell, and Julianne G. Wilner use a case study in order to back up the theory that when using CBT, BA is an effective strategy to
Since I was young, I’ve always loved to help people. What better way to do that by becoming an Occupational Therapist? Of course, there is other jobs like Fireman, Policeman, and Surgeon, but those require to work well under pressure, a skill I’ve never been very good at, in a life or death situation. Moreover, Occupational Therapists don’t just save lives, they get them back. An Occupational Therapist’s duties, work environment, and important qualities are the main ideas that only confirms: this is the job for me.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a method of correcting invalid thought patterns to a more positive view of the person and their place in their world. Some people do not believe that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a real treatment for depression, claiming it is a form of positive thinking ("The Daily Mail," 2009). On the opposite end of the spectrum, others argue that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy should be used in all therapies for depression as it allows the patient to take an active role in their treatment. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the benefit of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a viable treatment of depression, either as a stand-alone therapy or in conjunction with other therapies.
...d that in four treatment trials, cognitive therapy for depression is superior to pharmacotherapy in reducing relapse, or the need for further treatment. (Blackburn, Eunson & Bishop, 1986; Simons, Murphy, Levine & Wetzel, 1986; Evans, Hollon, De Rubeis, Piasecki, Grove, Garves & Tuason, 1992; Shea, Elkin, Imber, Sotsky, Watkins, Collins, Pilkonis, Leber, Krupnick, Dolan & Parloff, 1992). Therefore, it can be seen that many qualitative and quantitative reviews now conclude that cognitive therapy effectively treats depression, or is at least comparable, if not, superior to medication treatment, and may have lower rates of relapse in comparison to medication treatments. As a result, the implications of the cognitive theory and the treatment used to process Beck’s theory, cognitive therapy, has been a successful treatment in regarding depression, and many other diseases.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, CBT, is a theoretical approach to counseling that involves the restructuring of a persons’ negative thoughts into something more positive. An example in the book, Helping Professionals, describes a husband arriving home late from work and how the wife can change her mindset to be more positive as to why he was late. If she thinks that he is stuck in traffic, she might be mad at the situation but not at home, if she thinks that he is going out with friends because he is falling out of love with her, she will be mad and hurt and that can cause great turmoil in their lives. By changing the way someone thinks about situations, it can change their emotion and in turn their behavior. There are many techniques that work
Imagine you are married with children; your child has been acting different lately, so you take them to the doctor. Once there you find out that they have a mental illness. What do you do? Over the years, it has been estimated that around twenty percent of children worldwide are suffering from a form of mental illness such as Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Schizophrenia, and Anxiety Disorders. Ultimately, parents of these children end up struggling with their own psychological, emotional, social, and economic challenges while providing for their child with the mental illness. Raising a child with mental illness can be a challenge, but through increased knowledge and adjusted attitudes parents can be more prepared.
Occupational Therapy Intervention Plan Rationale for occupation-based practice model/FOR (3 points): Cognitive Behavioral Model Strategies in OT (Psychoeducation)- Client and Therapist collaborate to schedule meaningful activities, Commitment to daily or weekly activities based on recommendations of therapist. Patients are often assigned homework to address areas that need improvement. Involves educational sessions to help clients gain knowledge about some aspect of their illness. Tic-Toc Technique- utilized to help clients identify negative thoughts or distortions interfering with task performance. Model of Human Occupation- Volition, or ability of client to develop interests and values.
If I can go back in time to my last year of senior year in high school, I would tell my undecided, scared of moving on, and unsure self to pursue a career in Occupational Therapy. It was a definitely one of those "if only" moment in my life I wish I can re-due again. In High School there was not much information given to me about Occupational Therapy and it seemed it was not as popular as all the other career choices I was being informed or pressured to pursue. As I completed an on-line career assessment test provided by my High School to determine the best career/s based on your skills and interests, I got a list of potential careers that were arranged from primary careers to least careers I should pursue. As I excitedly looked over the results
A behavioral intervention plan (BIP) is designed for a specific child to try to help that child learn to change her or his behavior. Once the function of a student 's behavior has been determined, the Individual Education Program (IEP) Team should develop the behavior intervention plan A behavioral intervention plan can be thought of as a plan to support the student in order to help him or her change behavior. Effective support plans consist of multiple interventions or support strategies and are not punishment. Positive behavioral intervention plans increase the acquisition and use of new alternative skills, decrease the problem behavior and facilitate general improvements in the quality of life of the individual, his or her family, and
Quality of care within the medical field is measured by the ability of a doctor, hospital or health plan to provide services for individuals. Occupational therapy (OT) can be utilized in many fields of medicine. The services occupational therapists and their assistants provide are of great help to those suffering from a condition that may be inhibiting their independence or way of socializing. Asperger’s is a diagnosis that may impair social participation and requires occupational therapy treatment.
Burrhus Frederic (B.F.) Skinner, an American behavioral psychologist, is best known for his experiments on changing behavior. With behavioral psychologists Pavlov and Watson as his inspiration, Skinner formulated his theory of operational conditioning. His idea of “shaping” behavior is prevalent in the parenting and teaching techniques of children and students.
Psychodynamic therapy, focuses on unconscious mind and how past experiences, inner thoughts, fears, and emotions The main goal of psychodynamic therapy is for clients to be self-aware of the past and how it effects who they are in the present. This type of therapy focuses on the underlying problems and emotions that influenced the client’s behavior. (Psych Central, 2016)
Mental health refers to the state of individuals psychologically, emotionally and socially. Mental health affects a person’s emotions, feelings, thoughts, and sections when exposed to different situations. Furthermore, mental health is responsible for a person’s reaction to stress and other social conditions. Generally, mental health affects how a person relates to others and their ability to understand and interact with them. Therefore, problems that affect a person’s mental health affect the abilities to socialize, their feelings, moods, reaction to situations. The person experiencing mental health problem may portray different behaviors when confronted with different issues. Mental health issues have several