The Roman Republic revolutionized the Roman Civilization and has even played a minor role in the formation of the United States Constitution. In the beginning of its existence, Rome was just a small settlement along the Tiger River. Overtime, this settlement grew and expanded their borders by claiming new territories and by also overthrowing other countries and civilizations. The Roman Kingdom grew so large that by 700 B.C., they were one of the biggest and most dominant lands ever. Prior to the creation of the republic, Rome’s government consisted of a monarchy with a king or a queen serving as leaders.
The Romans drove out the Etruscans in 509 B.C. By this time Rome had become a city. As the empire came to its peak it included lands throughout the Mediterranean world. Rome had first expanded into other parts of Italy and neighboring places during the Roman Republic, but made wider conquests and made a strong political power for these lands. In 44 BC Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman leader who ruled the Roman Republic as a dictator was assassinated.
People from the Roman provinces streamed to Rome, where they became soldiers, bureaucrats, senators, and even emperors. Rome developed into the social, economic, and cultural capital of the Mediterranean world. Despite the attention given to tyrannical and often vicious leaders like the emperors Caligula and Nero, most emperors ruled sensibly and competently until military and economic disasters brought on the political instability of the 3rd century ad. The Roman Empire encompassed a huge amount of territory, but also allowed people of many different cultures to retain their heritage into modern times.
However bitter feuds grew it soon became a battle for power. After the Pax Romana ended, the next 100 years were in political turmoil. In one 50-year period, at least 26 emperors reigned and only one died of natural causes. At the same time high taxes used to support the armies began to anger the people. During this Germanic tribes were attacking the outskirts of the Roman Empire.
Rome was the largest city in the world between 100BC-400AD. During this republic, there was a series of wars and conflict. Julius Caesar appointed himself as dictator and ruled until he was assassinated in 44BC. The Roman senate granted Octavian, Caesar’s son, imperium power under his new title Augustus. This signified an end to the Roman Republic.
The rise and fall of one of the greatest empires known to man, the Roman republic, were caused by several key factors. Three of which were the decline of monarchy within the empire, foreign conquests and expansion of the growing empire, and political battles between powerful officials. The decline of monarchy which caused the rise of the republic was caused by the expulsion of the last Etruscan king. An ancient Roman tale tells of how the last Etruscan king, Tarquinius Superbus, was driven from his thrown. The tale tells of how after his son, Sextus, raped a beautiful and virtuous women, Lucretia.
Rome’s Great Split The Imperial Crisis is the time period which is used to describe the split of the Roman Empire. During this time, a constant civil war was being waged, as various military leaders fought for control of the empire. While military leaders looked to gain control of the empire, the population was dealing with widespread social unrest, economic instability due in part to the devaluation of Roman currency, and the dissolution of the empire that broke into three separate regions. These would be known as the Gallic, Roman and Palmyrene Empires. The three would be brought back together by Diocletian, who began his rule in 284 CE (Gunnell, 2014).
It aided the downfall of the Byzantine Empire, which would finally happen in the 1453. It altered the social fabric of Europe, as the plague killed a disproportionate number of the nobility, opening up opportunities for an emerging middle class. It challenged our notions of what Hell looked like, with Dante and others using the horrors of the Black Death as a foretaste of the future for the damned, while other authors like Chaucer, Boccaccio, and Petrarch touching upon the pandemic as a source of inspiration. Overall, one of the worst pandemics in history prepared the Western world for what would be called the Renaissance. Meanwhile, in the Far East, the Mongol Empire was collapsing.
T... ... middle of paper ... ... with the tribunes and the disaffected assembly against the Senate and patricians. The Senate feared Caesar and his popularity with the masses. The three men Pompey, Crassus and Caesar set aside their differences and establishing the First Triumvirate. This was overwhelming power in the Roman Republic but was strictly unofficial influence. The role of powerful general’s play in the decline of the Republic by Rome’s failures to adapt it city or state styles of government to ruling an empire triggered a century long pattern of events that would eventually lead to fall of the old oligarchy led by the Senate.
Between Augustus and Trojan the Roman army perhaps reached its height. Through the years the army had to make changes through civil wars and invading barbarians. These changes and being defeated by barbarians led to the downfall to the gr... ... middle of paper ... ...man Army vanished then the Empire fell the army was known as one of the greatest militaries in history. The roman army can never be matched. Works Cited Badian, E. "Marcus Junius Brutus.” Encyclopædia Britannica.