Athenian did so many legacies for the new generation or for today. For example, by their democracy and by architecture. That means we used democracy, but the base of democracy was Athens. Pericles started a democracy which was called direct democracy, that was the people vote or doing something directly, but when we see the present time we used representative democracy, that is the people choose their representative to do what the people want. so we learned that democracy is the reflection of Athens.
By so doing, the society was looking for an avenue that would guarantee democracy and a society that is fair for everyone. The city-state of Athens was the epicenter of the revolution for the Athenian democracy during the fifth century BC. In the Athenian democracy, the electorate voted for the legislation of bills instead of a direct democracy where the electorates are tasked with electing representatives who later developed the bill. Among the first people who made significant contributions to the development of the Athenian democracy were Solon (594 BC), Cleisthenes (508/7 BC), Pericles (495 – 429 BC) and Ephialtes (462 BC). Pericles was the longest serving democratic leader who contributed much development in democracy in the city.
Known as the lawgiver of Athens, he created the first constitution “when he was chosen as chief archon in 594 BC” explains William George Forrest (1996, p.30). In the same year, Solon initiated a series of laws and reforms that had a lasting impact on Athenian society. One particular law that Solon reformed, made him very favourable among the community. He let all enslaved Athenians free and relieved them from their debts. An... ... middle of paper ... ...eisthenes both contributed to the development of Athenian democracy, Cleisthenes was the first to really implement and pioneer it in Athens.
Of all the Greek city-states it was Athens that gave birth to many of the political philosophies that still survive today. At around 600 B.C.E Athens was in severe economic, social, and political crisis. It was then that a rich aristocrat named Solon emerged to produce for Athens its first comprehensive set of political rules and regulations, overhauling the constitution, reining in the plutocrats, and giving decent measure of power and responsibility to the moderately well-off non-aristocrats. He also provided some legal... ... middle of paper ... ...of a city (Minogue, p.11). Unfortunately we have not kept the best of these ideas.
Before democracy, Athens was a city-state no different than any other. A few powerful, aristocratic families controlled all governing power. Most of the population held little or no role in the political life of the city. Athenians changed this, and created a system where participation was encouraged and opinions were valued. While some other Greek cities were also setting up democracies, none were as stable or well documented as that of Athens.
On this planet there is only the one sure way to ensure peace, government. Luckily throughout history there have been big societies that helped countries establish governments of their own. One of the biggest and well shaped government is the democracy of the United States of America. The U.S. had two societies in particular to look to for guidance, and those two were ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The U.S. Government is among the most successful governments known to man currently.
As promptly as 594 BC, there is as of now a feeling of vote based system in Greece and this cleared route for the majority rule government that is constantly drilled in the Western development. The Science of Euclid, Pythagoras, and other Greek mathematician is additionally a commitment; Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato's rationalities are still rehearsed today; Art and Architecture; the Olympic Games that began in Greece since 776 BC are helped by the Greeks are well.
American Journal of Archaeology, 303-310. Scranton, R. L. (1982). Greek Architecture. New York, NY: George Braziller Inc. Spray, W. (1998). Impressions of Historic Fredericton.
The most current definition of a democracy is defined as a “government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.”(Dictionary.com). The American democracy was greatly influenced by the Athenian democracy. The Founding Fathers of the American democracy borrowed ideas from the Athenian way of governing. Presently we as Americans live in a democracy that is much different than that the Athenian democracy, and what the Founding Fathers of the American Democracy envisioned. There are also some commonalities between Athens and what our Founding Fathers intended.