Thus, the art and architecture of Ancient Egypt stemmed directly from their religion. Egyptian theology, with its deified pharaohs and strange animal-headed gods, was complicated, but the most important belief was that survival after death depended upon the preservation of the body. This belief would influence the architectural design of the tomb, where the corpse was ultimately sealed (Silverman:142, 1997). Immortality was only for privileged royal and priestly beings (Stierlin:54, 1983).This implies that their tombs would be somewhat prestigious and not just and ordinary burial site. At the day of resurrection the Ka or soul would re-enter the dead body; this meant that it must be there, intact, ready for that moment.
Akhenaton’s short-lived reform of Egyptian religion reveres Aton as the source of all life. This is the earliest religious expression of a belief in a sole god of the universe. Akhenaton’s challenge to the power of the priests did not last beyond his own lifetime. As Greek governing power was within aristocracy, their gods were also viewed as somewhat of an aristocracy. I say this to elucidate that there is a unique relationship between a leader or ruler and his society’s god – in perception by the people, and by interaction.
This myth, although mostly incomplete, was central to the Egyptian religion. It explained the importance of the Pharaoh, Ma’at, and establishes the Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife and magic. Egyptian mythology evolved and grew, like many other mythologies in other civilizations. The mythology, like every religion, was important to the Egyptian way of life. It was a guide that explained how to live their lives and to survive their death.
Religious laws and duties were crucial to the day-to-day life of the people to their social spot. The Egyptians were obsessed with the idea of afterlife as opposed to Mesopotamians. The Egyptians believed in resurrection of the dead were principal characteristics of religious. They also buried their pharaohs in their own temples including mummifying their dead bodies for example like the Giza Valley Temple the second largest where the entrance and bodies were hidden. Another difference between the Mesopotamia and Egypt was their writing style for example one of the forms Mesopotamia used was cuneiform considering it was worlds first written language, which primarily means, “Wedge shaped”.
One of the most obvious examples of this is in Egyptian burial. Burial and the preservation of the body was a very important aspect of the culture. It was due to the fact that they believed that the better your body was preserved the happier you were in the afterlife. Even the embalmers had to shave all their body hairs so they would not contaminate the dead person. The person had their major organs removed and preserved in canopic jars, which were watched by the designated gods.
Archaeological evidence of funerary customs show that religion was an integral part of Egyptian culture. The Pyramid Texts indicated that the Egyptians believed an individual’s soul had many aspects that continued after death, which consisted of the ba, akh and ka. The ba represents the individual’s alter ego which would travel outside the tomb, whereas the akh reflects the ‘intermediary between the living and the dead’. The ka was believed to be the individual’s twin in which their personality is represented. This strongly implicates that the ancient Egyptian civilisation believed in a spiral realm.
The Egyptians did not own their own land or home. All things belonged to the Pharaoh. Egyptians allowed the Pharaoh to own all thing for 3,000 years, they allowed this because it was involved in their religion. Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh was a god and they would rather not upset the gods. In order to keep the country in order, the Pharaoh had a lot of officials, such as royal officers and police in every town that were in track with their taxes and
Second, the Egyptians Faith was an important characteristic of their religion. First, they believed that the Pharaoh was a god, and what he spoke became law. The Egyptians worshipped almost every form of life, the worshipped trees, water, animals, and even vegetables. The Egyptians also believed that a person had 2 souls, the ba and the ka, which left the body at death and then returned later to the body. The Egyptians believed that mummification make sure the ba and the ka would find the body when they returned to the body to transport it to the underworld.
They, in fact, believed in an afterlife where earthly work had to go on. For this reason, the Ancient Egyptians constructed Shabti figurines for their tombs that could be magically called to life and do their work for them. These figurines fulfilled in death the tasks that ordinary human beings did in life. The Ancient Egyptians were very industrious, after all. However, the Shabti figurines were called to life with a spell inscribed onto their bodies.
The people of Ancient Egypt believed that the Pharaoh was a god, plus their ruler. Many Pharaohs built large temples to honor their gods. The temples would have large statues and a place to worship. The Ancient Egyptians participated in religious rituals so that the gods could make them live happy lives and give them plenty of food. Only priests could enter the sacred buildings.