Analysis of the Implications of Implementing Mandatory Reserve Officers Training Corps in the College Students of De La Salle Lipa

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For almost 80 years, college students are mandated by the government to undergo military or civil training to prepare the Filipinos in serving the nation. The National Defense Act, the National Service Law, Basic Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) and Expanded ROTC program are all the laws that require each of us to render personal military or civil service. However, on the start of the school year 2002, the Republic Act 9163 or National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001, wherein students are given the option to choose among Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS), Literacy Training Service (LTS) and ROTC, was implemented that resulted to the abolishment of mandatory ROTC in the Philippines. Mark Welson Chua, a former engineering student at University of Santo Tomas (UST), became a victim of illegal ROTC practices. Chua’s death exposed the violence and corruption within the ROTC that was bred from its leaders which eventually led to a massive uprising of the youth and concerned parents against the ROTC program. This paved the way to the creation of the NSTP to satisfy the government’s duty to prepare the citizenry in serving the country. In the latter months of 2013, attempts were made to revive compulsory ROTC. There were at least four bills seeking to reinstate mandatory ROTC for tertiary students in colleges and universities. If such bill were to be passed, there would be a constitutional provision that will give the power to require the people to defend the state and order them to provide military or civil service. Cavite Representative Francis Gerard Abaya (2013), as cited in Salaverria (2013), believes that mandatory military training has become more true and timely because of recent events in which the country... ... middle of paper ... ...and skills applicable to our daily life. One even recommended to subject females into mandatory military training. The participant’s belief is that males can help in defending the country against threats while females can help in caring and giving initial response to victims of disasters and emergencies. For those who do not recommend compulsory ROTC, they suggested that the freshmen students just consider ROTC. They supported the current law regarding national service wherein each student is given the option to choose among the three components. They stood firm with the current practice of NSTP. Aside from the prepared research questions, the researchers also asked Ms. Bernadette Dimaculangan, area chair of NSTP of DLSL, other questions related to the topic of the research. The other questions and Dimaculangan’s corresponding answers are listed in Table 6 below.

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