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Analysis Of James Madison's View Of Government Structure

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Madison’s View of Governmental Structure In 1787, when a series debating argued about the approval of the proposal of the United States Constitution, James Madison and other federalist published several articles in the newspaper of New York to defend the proposed Constitution. In Madison’s writings, he explains the origin of faction, the harm of the factions, and the methods to protect the government from the violence of faction. His view of human nature is realistic and insightful. It also helps people to understand the reason of the structure of the United States political system. Madison believes factions which caused by unequal distribution of property is unsafe for a united country. Therefore, in order to decrease the effects of faction,…show more content…
The first reason is republic has more efficiency to prevent the tyrant of majority than pure democracy. Madison thinks the pure democracy is not a cure for faction. In his paper, he wrote “A common passion or interest will, in almost every case, be felt by a majority of the whole… And there is nothing to check the inducement to sacrifice the weaker party or an obnoxious individual (Page 67).” When using pure democracy as the form of government, the decision is made by majority people. Yet, when a faction is majority itself, it can constantly acquire the vote and deprive the rights of minorities. It also can use democracy’s voting system to promote their interest instead of the common good. Besides, religious beliefs and moralities cannot be relied on to regulate human from doing harm. Therefore, Madison believes a republic government is better than pure democracy for the controlling mischiefs of majority faction. Another reason is since people have different faculties from the very beginning, the government should be held by people who possess more wisdom and patriotism. They will have better skill to advance the public good and run the government. However, when Madison examines the nature of human, he suggests the human nature is ambitious, which people might become corrupted. The representative might be controlled by the few or form a faction by themselves as well. For this reason, he advocates the number of representatives should be large enough to prevent
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