Imperialism is the policy of a state aiming at establishing control beyond its borders over people unwilling to except such control. Because of this unwillingness imperialist policy always involves the use of power against its victims. It has therefore often been considered morally reprehensive, and the term has been employed in international propaganda to discredit an opponent’s policy. In the Nineteenth Century America, this was conveyed as the awakening of economic and political values. Principally, the goal was to seize the market of raw materials for its cultural gains and to create dominion by appealing to a wide range of people.
This knew country then created a theory using social Darwinism called Manifest Destiny where Americans believed they would soon conquer all of North America. Thus the struggle for survival of the fittest went on. These theories of Darwinism are easily be used to justify the imperialistic views of more powerful nations. By learning from the past it is easy to see that nations help each other when imperialism occurs, and even when oppression of some nations does happen, a stronger, more patriotic nation is able to come to power. Through helping themselves, stronger nations are able to create economic conditions beneficial to all nations.
The United States could definitively be defined as an empire as it coerced people to live under American government as it sought to extradite wealth from these island nations that became territories and protectorates by military and political force. American Imperialism would continue into the presidency of Woodrow Wilson who was initially an anti-imperialist in rhetoric but invaded more countries than any other president. The prevalence of American Imperialism from 1890-1913 saw the United States expand its borders as well as political, economic, and military influence in international affairs across the globe.
The panic essentially served as a wake call for American bu... ... middle of paper ... ...that capitalism’s “need of constantly expanding markets for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the whole surface of the globe” (Marx 12). This articulated the idea of American imperialism – expanding in order to attain raw materials and new markets for the now industrialized nation. American imperialism was not a simple aberration – nor was the endeavor undertaken for completely humanitarian goals. Instead, imperialism was both a continuation of the American expansionist tradition – mainly the Manifest Destiny – and a response to a changing economic international community. The industrializing America had needed new markets, raw materials, and overseas territories to compete with the burgeoning European colonial empires.
An imperialist government may wish to gain new markets for its exports, plus sources of inexpensive labor and raw materials. A far-flung empire may satisfy a nation's desire for military advantage or recognition as a world power. Imperialism has definitely played its role in our lifetime as well as in the 19th century. First of all we attacked Iraq regarding a power issue. We believed they had some powerful items in which could be harmful to our nation so we decided to attack them to ensure our security.
The Marshall Plan was an economic aid program designed to help rebuild European economies damaged by WWII, while helping prevent the spread of Soviet influence in Western Europe. The attributes of realist grand strateg... ... middle of paper ... ...ian sphere of influence appears to be expanding, and China has also been increasing efforts to establish itself as a world power. As realism predicts, when either of these states rise to challenge U.S. hegemony, the influence of more realist approaches to U.S. grand strategy will be expected. Conclusion - It is understood that realist, liberalist, and constructivist theories all contributed to Cold War U.S. grand strategy. Because there was great power parity throughout the cold war, Realist approaches remained dominant.
American Imperialism was driven by a need for markets and raw materials, as well as the desire for power and success. The United States increasingly appears to be an imperial power. Manifest Destiny was the driving force responsible for changing the face of American history. Manifest Destiny, described by Dictionary.com, is a policy of imperialistic expansion defended as necessary or benevolent. It is the 19th century doctrine that gave the right to the United States to expand through North America.
In order to acquire new territories, the United States implemented methods of expansionism and later imperialism in the first and second phases, respectively, of its expansion. These two means of self-establishment had several striking similarities between them. Through expansionism in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the main logic behind annexation was for the country to grow and establish itself within its continent. Of course, the desire for increased political power in new states led to conflicts such as Bleed... ... middle of paper ... ...eign they may be to American values. On paper, it was now lawful for the United States to forcefully implement American traditions upon newly annexed foreign citizens under the reasoning that their lives would be bettered by such imperialistic control over their own customs.
Fousek argues that American nationalism, and its nationalistic symbolism of American world power, remains an area that has been forgotten in one’s true understanding of the Cold War’s origin, and thus his reason for writing the book. (p.15). Fousek’s narrates how Truman deliberately fomented a war scare during the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, which created a rapid increase in military spending, and heightened the public’s mood on the threat of Communism. Consequently, with the help of the press Truman maximizes this support by creating a nationalist view on American foreign policy. Indeed, the support of two of the major labor unions such as the (United Auto Workers and the United Electrical Workers) helped to reinforce the president’s message to the public.
Although it is true that ideology, economic welfare, as well as domestic politics all have played a significant role in U.S. foreign policy, the fundamental factor that has governed American foreign policy has been geopolitical objectives. The Monroe Doctrine, contrived by President Monroe in 1823, is a lucid example of America’s pursuit of geopolitical interests in the Pan-American region. The Doctrine was an audacious declaration to the powerful European nations to abstain from the region. It followed the spirit of “Manifest Destiny”, the rousing conviction that Americans had the right to seize the territory surrounding them. According to Coerver and Hall, the essential principle that this Doctrine was based upon was the “conviction that the United States was destined to expand”(13).