Imperialism; a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. This is what the United States is known for between 1850 and 1920. The U.S. made Cuba a protectorate, exerted influence to China and Japan, intervened in Latino America and Mexico, and annexed: Hawaii, Philippines, and Puerto Rico. The United States became a large and strong nation by concurring or influencing territories. This was the beginning to the United States' way to becoming a world power.
During the early 19th century, the idea of Imperialism affected many areas of the world. Imperialism is a policy that many European countries (Great Britain, Germany, France, Russia, etc.) implemented in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. They used both political and military forces to gain control of these areas. Many Europeans did it for economic reasons as well as feeling the need to transform these “native people” into a civilized society. Many tried to convert the natives to Christianity as well. European countries fought to gain political power in these territories to continue to grow their own countries wealth.
Throughout the course of history, nations have invested time and manpower into the colonizing and modernizing of more rural governments. Imperialism has spread across the globe, from the British East India Company to France’s occupation of Northern Africa. After their founding in 1776, the United States of America largely stayed out of this trend until The Spanish-American War of 1898. Following the war, the annexation and colonization of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines ultimately set a precedent for a foreign policy of U.S. imperialism.
Imperialism played a substantial role in the Spanish-American war. Imperialism is the policy of extending a country 's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. As a result of the Spanish-American war the United States emerged as a world power. The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. The United States was imperialistic in order to gain more military strength, gain raw materials for economic advancement, and achieve manifest destiny.
There are many legacies of colonialism that impacted the development of Latin American republics. As well, many of these legacies still thrive throughout modern Latin America. A legacy that impacted Latin America and still continues to affect it, is the change that colonialism caused with ancestral knowledge. Before colonialism, many parts of Latin America were inhibited by many tribes such as the Mayans. As colonialism swept through these parts of Latin America, these tribes started to diminish because of the “growing and ecological strains”, when this occurred, tribes disbanded and ceased to continued. Now these societies which once flourished, has not gone back to the way that it once was. One of the most profound legacies is religion in Latin America. The Catholic church had a part in the development of the continent. Missionaries helped build premises such as schools, hospitals and other buildings which benefited the communities. Even with the help they provided, missionaries also did harm. They caused people to change the way the practiced their religion. The aspects of the way religion was practiced before changed for the worst. The people had to entirely alter how they practiced religion and by doing so, many parts of their true identity needed to be forgotten. Lastly, colonialism
By the 1890s, Spain had lost all its New World colonies. The islands of Puerto Rico and Cuba were all the remained of the Spain possessions in America, and the Philippines, in the Pacific. Spain once ruled a great global empire. As civil wars opposed Spanish authority, many colonies broke free.(Cambell,1958).Rebellion in Cuba against Spanish rule has been through many years but with no liberation. For the first years of the rebellion, the United Stated maintained a formal neutrality, but many factors caused the American intervention and fight with Span in this “Splendid Little War”.
Between the end of the Civil War and the early twentieth century, the United States experienced the most rapid and profound economic revolutions any country has experienced. The geography and abundant natural resources with the flooding of immigrant labor fueled the innovative ideas of Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller and in the later years Henry Ford regarded to by many as the Pioneers of Industry and feared by those who branded them as Robber Barron’s. Luck is a fallacy; in essence “Luck” is merely opportunity meeting preparation. The opportunity for growth and prosperity presented the tools for success while the Pioneers of Industry were prepared to use them with self serving interests that would create a positive externality for the country in its infancy. The growth of the economy and national interests would be supported abroad by the allure of Imperialism.
The 1800's were a renowned era in European history. With the rise of imperialism came the ruthless desire to seek new land through the use of authoritative implications. Whether it be the discovery of the Americas, where Christopher Columbus discovered various islands, which were clustered with indigenous people that were eventually completely wiped out for the pure desire of Spaniard power. This craving to "assimilate" indigenous people and to convert them to Christianity was an element, which rooted 19th century Europe. Although the actual question to whether these actions were good or evil are up for debate. Imperialism has been viewed as an expansion that serves only ones "object" and that it has no purpose beyond the benefit of the "self". This paper will explain Imperialism through a sociological perspective, while blending in notions of capitalism and modern day Imperialism that may now be viewed as Globalism.
In short, the U.S.S. Maine, though tragic, gets a lot more credit than it deserves for starting the Spanish-American War. Also, Puerto Rico’s involvement was short and bittersweet in the Spanish American war and American invasion. All the focus was on Cuba, so Puerto Rico got easily overshadowed. This however made it extremely efficient for America to overthrow Puerto Rico for her own benefit.
With America’s Navy rebuilt there was an emergence of aggression in foreign policy. The two developments originated from the same source: a ready acceptance of force as the final authority of international disputes. That acceptance of force led to the Spanish-American War of 1898. Those same attitudes, during the presidencies of B. Harrison and G. Cleveland between 1885 and 1897, almost caused several other wars.
For 113 days during the summer of 1898, the United States was at war with Spain. Neither the president of the United States, nor his cabinet, nor the the queen of Spain, nor her ministers wanted the war wanted the war. It happened eventhough they made their best efforts to prevent it. It happened because of ambition, miscalculation, and stupidity; and it happened because of kindness, wit, and resourcefulness. It also happened because some were indifferent to the suffering of the world’s wretched and others were not (O’Toole 17). By winning the war the United States proved the the rest of the world and to itself that it could and would fight against foreign nations. For many years, world power had been concentrated in the countries in Europe. Nations such as Great Britain, France, Germany, and Spain had the most influence in global affairs. But a shift in power was gradually taking place as the United States matured. The young nation gained wealth and strength. Its population grew immensely, and many people believed it would become a major world power (Bachrach, 11) Spain was one of the many European countries that had territory in the United States. Spain controlled mostly some islands off the coast of Central America. The most important of these were Cuba and Puerto Rico. The United States was led to believe that the Spanish mosgoverned and abused the people of these islands. In fact, Spain did overtax and mistreat the Cubans, who rebelled in 1868 and again in 1895. Thus, the American people felt sympathetic toward the Cuban independence movement. In addition, Spain had frequently interfered with trade between its colonies and the United States. Even though the United States had been a trading partner with Cuba since the seventeenth century, Spain sometimes tried to completely stop their trade with Cuba. In Spain doing so, this sometimes caused damage to U.S. commercial interests. The United States highly disagreed with Spain’s right to interfere with this trade relationship. (Bachrach, 12) The United States was also concerned that other trading and commercial interests were threatened by the number of ships and soldiers Spain kept in the area. If the United States had to fight a war with Canada or Mexico, these Spanish forces could quickly mobilize against the United States.
As stated in Beveridge’s article (Doc. B) it was not an option to leave the Philippines alone in the limbo in the hand of the “savage, bloody, rule [Spanish]” arguing that God was the guider of America. Comparatively to the argument claimed by Christian Advocate in 1903 (Doc. C) which “there was nothing else for us to do but take them [...]” affirming the US could not have considered any other options such as (1) to give the Philippines to Spain, (2) to give Philippines back to Germany and France because they were rivals of the US or (3) to not leave them alone or by themselves. Advocate also asserted that God’s grace would do the very best of
The Spanish American War is a highly overlooked war in history but is a very important piece in what shaped today’s world. The Spanish-American War of 1898 ended Spain’s rule on the western hemisphere and Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. The Spanish–American War was a strife in 1898 between Spain and the United States, the result of U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. U.S. attacks on Spain 's possessions in the Pacific led to involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately to the Philippine–American War. It led to the U.S gaining territories in the western Pacific and Latin America, peace treaty that made the Spanish give up rule in Cuba, and to give rights over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the
battleship Maine to help protect life and property. An explosion was heard and the battleship sank in the Havana harbor. It’s still uncertain as to what may have cause the explosion however many Americans blamed Spain for the attack. As a consequence of the sinking of the battleship Maine, the United States wanted to go to war against Spain. President McKinley wasn't thrilled about the idea and procrastinated for a few months until the public put so much pressure on him he didn’t have a choice. The United States declared war against Spain on April 25, 1898. And so the war began. The first blow was struck, however not in Cuba as one might think, but in the
The presence of the religion was minuscule during the nascent stages of the Latin America. The ships from the Spanish and Portuguese kingdoms often only two to three friars or priests. With the discovery of the indigenous populations in Latin America, that need for conversion rose since the souls of the indigenous needed saving. The Spanish kingdoms recognized the indigenous people as tabula rasas, blank slates. This perception of the indigenous was held to justify spreading Christianity. In Latin America, the colonizers and priests held on to their own agenda for the colonies. These agendas were not similar, and it contributes to understanding the motives and roles of the priests in the Latin American colonies. This is supported through multiple primary sources, as they help historians understand the role of religion in Brazil.