Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984. Strouhal, Eugen. Life of the Ancient Egyptians. London: Opus Publishing, 1992.
Sculptors also carved large stone sphinxes. These statutes were supposed to represent Egyptian Kings or Gods and were used to Guard temples and tombs. The Temples were houses of worship. The word temple most often refers to Buddhist, Confucian, Hindu, Taoist, and ancient Near Eastern and European places of worship. Most Temples are built to honor god, a God, or many Gods.
The costly nature of the materials out of which it was designed was intended to overwhelm the viewer, creating a sense of religious awe. The Greeks believed the deities provided the city protection and allowed them to be successful in their endeavors while in time of war. Phidias, a master bronze worker, was commissioned to create the sculpture of Athena Parthenos, the goddess of wisdom to show tribute to the gods by creating a large scale sculpture in Acropolis. The Acropolis was the most important site in the city of Athens, and was well recognized as the hilltop of protection. It is also the most significant reference point of ancient Greek culture as well as the symbol of the city of Athens.
Egypt have the biggest and the greatest collection of all monuments from the ancient world. Even In the days of Ancient Egypt when powerful pharaohs ruled over Egypt the Pyramids were considered magnificent wonders. Such huge wonders constructed thousands of years back with such precision and skill to last thousands of years can only be seen as conclusive evidence that the advanced religious architecture of ancient Egypt is magnificent. Today, the remains of 35
Encyclopedia Britannica vol 4. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica Inc, 1986. Loomis, Roger, ed. Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages. London: Oxford Clarendon Press, 1959.
Each stone weighs approximately 2.5 tons and is 481 feet tall. It is the largest pyramid in existence and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Along with The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes, Lighthouse of Alexandria. There are many theories on how the Egyptians built the pyramids. One of the most outrageous one is that aliens built them.
Highly sophisticated gold art objects and jewelry discovered by archaeologists in the Royal Tombs at Ur, in what is now Southern Iraq, date back to around 3000 BC. Similarly, goldsmiths of the Chavin civilization in Peru were making ornaments by hammering and embossing gold by 1200 BC. Gold is usually alloyed in jewelry to give it more strength, and the term carat describes the amount of gold present (24 carats is pure gold). It is estimated that all the gold in the world, so far refined, could be placed in a single cube 60 ft. on a side. It is metallic, with a yellow color when in a mass, but when finely divided it may be black, ruby, or purple.