Berkeley: University of California Press Reeves, C. N. 2001. Akhenaten, Egypt's false prophet. New York: Thames & Hudson. Weigall, A. E. P. B. 1970.
New York: Facts on File, 1993. Hawkes, Jacquetta. Pharaohs of Egypt. New York: American Heritage Publishing, 1965. Matthews, Roy T., and F. Dewitt Platt.
Akhenaton’s short-lived reform of Egyptian religion reveres Aton as the source of all life. This is the earliest religious expression of a belief in a sole god of the universe. Akhenaton’s challenge to the power of the priests did not last beyond his own lifetime. As Greek governing power was within aristocracy, their gods were also viewed as somewhat of an aristocracy. I say this to elucidate that there is a unique relationship between a leader or ruler and his society’s god – in perception by the people, and by interaction.
Also, he could change the religion any way he wanted, for example in the 14th century BC Akhenaton, the Pharaoh outlawed all gods but Aton, who was the sun god, and this became the first monotheistic religion in history, but it was short lived, for when he died the new Pharaoh overruled the law and restored the other gods. The Egyptians Sacred literature was the “Book of the Dead” which consisted of 42 “negative confessions” , spells and prayers. Here is a excerpts from the “Book of the Dead” 1. I have not acted sinfully toward me 2. I have not oppressed the members of my family 3.
/redford, Donald B. Akhenaten: The Heretic King. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1984. 71-72. Scala Publications. "Head of Amenophis IV - Akhenaten."
1997, 1. 2Breasted, James Henry. A History of Egypt from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest. (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992), 201. 3Edward Malone, Akhenaton.
Freud's people had given the human race one of its best gifts, an idol like Jesus Christ. Sigmund Freud thought about this, and began to wonder why Jewish people were so detested. Freud decided to look at the history and origin of his people, and he tried to draw closer to knowing Moses, the heroic Jewish leader who had led his people out of oppression in Egypt. Sigmund Freud‘s thoughts on these questions is what brought the book Moses and Monotheism to light. Part one of the book is called Moses an Egyptian.
"Age of Pyramids." National Geographic Jan. 1995: 6-41 BULFINCH'S MYTHOLOGY. New York: Crown Publishers Incorporated, 1979. Breasted, J.H. DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGION AND THOUGHT IN ANCIENT EGYPT.
David and Solomon King David proved to be a wise and effective leader for Israel. However, it can be said that his son, Solomon, made several mistakes during his reign. Many of his problems originated from his Temple, a stucture that was conceptualized by his father to be a deterrent against the paganism, which infested the land. Yet, it seemed as if several of Solomon’s policies actually encouraged paganism rather than deter it. King David, a member of the tribe of Judah was chosen by God to lead his people.
Ikhnaton abolished the belief in countless gods of the Egyptian Pantheon; he then committed himself entirely to the worship of the sun. His new monotheistic belief was totally opposite to his previous belief of multitudinous deities. Scholars believe that there is some relation between the faith of the Israelites and the solar monotheism of Ikhnaton; Israelite influence must have been to a certain extent accountable. Also, a scripture of Merneptah was discovered in 1896 and it is alleged that the name ‘Israel’ occurs on it. The inscription is a ‘song of triumph’ of Merneptah describing in pretentious language his victories in Canaan.