The railroads regularly used rebates and drawbacks to help win the business of large shippers, and made up this loss in profit by increasing the cost to smaller shippers such as farmers. However, in many ways, the railroads hurt small shippers and farmers because in some cases the railroad company has promised the farmer a set amount of price. Like in Frank Norris' The Octopus, a farmer is promised a two-cent rate for shipping and then is demanded to give five cents (Doc. H). This is not a justified action because the farmer was lied to and taken advantage of.
Farmers were able to produce more goods, yet they overproduced and it resulted in economic hardship for them. They could not afford to export goods through the rail roads high rates, and led to clashing with the government, for the lack of support. Such factors resulted in change of American agriculture.
These businesses and corporations found ways to manipulate the government ridding of competition for farmers. Farmers feared for their production and consumer production. With the lack of competition and prices of their products through the roof, consumer will not be able to purchase items and farmers will not make a profit from what th... ... middle of paper ... ...ng silver coins to benefit from their unpaid debts. This idea was called Bimetallism(Doc A) The money supply was vacillating as the population would increase(Doc C). Higher powers such as Presidents, would only help those who would keep them as Presidents, this idea drowns in political corruption and patronage.
To add to this, the republicans made it worse by the high tarrifs put up to protect America industries. This led to make Europe poorer so still it could not afford the American prices. The effects were felt were all through America. Almost half of the Americans were becoming very desperate. They saw the boom was affecting them for the worse... ... middle of paper ... ... machinery in big supermarkets and shops lead to less demand of farm good.
The Populist party collapsed and the farmers' revolt was over. The farmers of the late 1800s had many reasons for being dissatisfied with their situation. Unfair railroad practices, such as rebates and drawbacks, hurt them severely. Even common issues of shortage of money, drought, and mortgages were all issues that hurt farmers economically. The farmers of the period, though, used these issues to change the shape of American politics.
Most of the reasons concerning agrarian discontent in the late nineteenth century stem from supposed threats posed by monopolies and trusts, railroads, money shortages and the demonetization of silver, though in many cases their complaints were not valid. The American farmer at this time already had his fair share of problems, perhaps even perceived as unfair in regards to the success industrialized businessmen were experiencing. Nevertheless, crops such as cotton and wheat, which were once the staples of an agricultural society, were selling at such low prices that it was nearly impossible for farmers to make a profit off them, especially since some had invested a great deal of money in modern equipment that would allow them to produce twice as many goods. Furthermore, improvements in transportation allowed foreign competition to emerge, making it harder for American Farmers to not only dispose of surplus crop, but to transport crops period. Finally, years of drought in the Midwest and the degeneration of business in the 1890's devastated many of the nation's farmers, and as a result of this agricultural depression' many farm groups, most notably the Populist Party, arose to fight what farmers saw as the reasons for the decline of agriculture.
The agricultural problems of the small farmers, farmers organizations, and Populist philosophies all contributed to the emergence of the Populist movement in the late 19th century. The beginning of the emergence of the Populist movement started back with the farmers and their agricultural problems. For years the American farmers were isolated from society and felt ignored and left out by the growing industrialized economy. Life as a small farmer became more and more difficult as the prices for their goods dropped rapidly in the late 19th century. It was also getting more and more expensive to ship their goods to markets to be sold so they could make a profit.
They did not want silver as the currency because then the big businesses in the country would be hurt. (The Republican Party) To sum it all up, the agrarian society was threatened by the low prices of crops, monopolies and trusts, railroad companies, and banks. During the last twenty years of the 19th century, farmers started speaking out against these problems and parties such as the Populist Party came into existence. The complaints by farmers were justified because farmers could barely make a profit and any money that they did have would go to the railroad companies for transporting crops or banks to pay off the loans.
Another problem was the declining in exports. In the 1920s American tariffs began to increase therefore the demand Europeans had for American ... ... middle of paper ... ...ion. It did not work the economy continuously deprecated. Before the crash of the stock market Hoover came up with an Agricultural Marketing Act, the government would help farmers maintain prices instead it stiffened exports on food. Hoovers popularity chronically decrease, there were Americans that blamed Hoover himself for the depression.
At the start of the depression Hoover choose to ignore the genuineness of claims that suggested wide spread poverty. Hoover and other officials also worked to deemphasize the depression in the hope to heighten the people’s confidence through assurance and appeals suggesting “all the evidence indicates the worst effects of the crash upon unemployment will have been passed during the next sixty days”. President waged a campaign to convince businessmen to keep wages up so that consumption levels would not decline. This approach was less than successful. While businessmen maintained wage levels temporarily, they cut back on the number of their employees because of dropping consumption levels.