Action Painting Changing concerns in the field of theory and practice reflected developments in the social and economic structures after the horrible events of World War II. The complex relationship between the loss of faith in the Enlightenment’s promise that rationality would produce increased freedom and changes in cultural value systems caused by revolutionary developments in science and technology brought into focus natural contradictions in modern thinking. Abstract Expressionists of the 1940’s and 50’s were abstract artists because they had been schooled in early modern painting. They were expressionist artists because of their strong belief in the individual gesture and in the freedom to practice by any means, including the human figure (literally), to convey their intentions. Abstract Expressionism was the first art movement with both American and European roots.
I have read your scathing review of an Abstract Expressionist art exhibition and I would like to show you my opinion about how the work of American artwork was created in the 1930’s embodied Democratic values. In the 1930 a new art of painting came out and it was called the American Scene movement because it had risen in a bad reaction to the emergence of European modernism. In the social devastation of the Great Depression, many people found themselves and found strength within. Another point that I would like to talk about is the Abstract Expressionism, this was used in Germany with Wassily Kandinsky back in 1919, and this expression became more common post War World II American Art. Artist like Arshile Gorky, Marce Duchamp, Salvador Dali,
Abstract Expressionism is considered a triumph in American Painting. It is still the most discussed and debated form of twentieth century American art, and still influences generations of artists. It used the cultural references of the tragic, the unconscious, the sublime and the primitive to create a unique and evocative style of painting that was unique in the art world. Though some may view Abstract Expressionism and Surrealism as similar, the thing that made it fundamentally different, according to Motherwell, was that the artists worked more `directly' and `violently' and on a `much larger scale physically than the surrealists ever had.' (Page 40, David and Cecil) It also seems important to Motherwell to have a style that challenges the limits.
Abstract Expressionism Abstract Expressionism started in America as a post World War II art movement. It was the first art movement that arose from America and put New York at the center of the art world. The term Abstract Expressionism was first applied to American art in 1946 by art critic Robert Coates. It is most commanly said that Surealism is it’s predecessor because of the use of spontaneous, automatic and subconscious creations. Abstract Expressionism gets its name from the combining of emotional intensity and self-expression of German Expressionists and the anti-figurative aesthetics of abstract schools where Futurism, Bauhaus and Synthetic Cubism came from.
Abstract Expressionism is making its comeback within the art world. Coined as an artist movement in the 1940’s and 1950’s, at the New York School, American Abstract Expressionist began to express many ideas relevant to humanity and the world around human civilization. However, the subject matters, contributing to artists, were not meant to represent the ever-changing world around them. Rather, how the world around them affected the artist themselves. The works swayed by such worldly influences, become an important article within the artists’ pieces.