The Environmental Ethics Of Geoengineering Applied On Ocean Fertilization For Sequestration Of Carbon Dioxide From Atmosphere

The Environmental Ethics Of Geoengineering Applied On Ocean Fertilization For Sequestration Of Carbon Dioxide From Atmosphere

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Many solutions have been developed to stop climate change in the last 30 years. One in particular called geoengineering has, apparently, gained reputation as a good way to slow down this environmental harm, because there are not one possible technique. These technological fixes have increased the support of many organisations because they are reliable and the consequences for the environment are less than it has been thought. However to build geoengineering-based projects it is necessary to adopt an ethical thinking, in this case an environmental one, that preserves the ecosystem. Therefore Shallow and Deep ecology, as environmental ethics, can tip the scales in favour due to the complexity of these fixes.
For this purpose, the present paper will analyse the environmental ethics of geoengineering applied on Ocean Fertilization for Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide from Atmosphere (OFSCDA), described by Boyd in 2012. But it will be necessary to understand first, where does geoengineering comes from and a brief approaching of shallow and deep ecology theories. Then, what is OFSCDA and the environmental impact. Later an ethical analysis based on shallow and deep ecology. And finally, this article will answer the following question: Can shallow and deep ecology favourite this geoengineering because it fits with the ideology?
Through the course of developing new solutions for climate change, environmental engineers have proposed technological fixes to attend this harm. As has been said, geoengineering is seen as a real solution for climate change. In this sense Lenton and Vaughan claimed that Royal Society defined it as a “deliberate large-scale manipulation of the planetary environment to counteract anthropogenic climate change” (2013, ...

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...he search for our unique spiritual/biological personhood (Devall & Sessions, 2008, p. 229), therefore it encourages to “an identification which goes beyond humanity to include the nonhuman world” (Devall & Sessions, 2008, p. 229). Consequently, Aumont and Bopp assured that marine ecosystems can be modified even far away from the injection sites, potentially resulting in changes in the distribution and abundance of the marine resources (2006, p. 13), which determines that geoingineering, specially OFSCDA, is dangerous for the environment. Another kind of geoengineering described by Lenton and Vaughan like Solar Radiation Management using Sunshades, Stratospheric Aerosols or Cloud Albedo, probably are less harm than iron fertilization (2013, pp. 2,3). However, because the use of chemicals in the environment incidents on the ecosystem is unknown in a long-term relation.

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