Essay on The Effects of Parenting Styles on Child Outcome

Essay on The Effects of Parenting Styles on Child Outcome

Length: 2086 words (6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview


“There is no way in which parents can evade having a determining effect upon their
children’s personality, character, and competence” (Baumrind, 1978). It is amazing that children who are raised in completely different environments can go on to possess similar characteristics later in life. But why is this the case? The functions that parents perform greatly influence how children develop. A tremendous amount of research has been done on the effects of parenting styles since 1966 when Diana Baumrind first published her three prototypes of parenting styles, but many parents fail to understand the power they possess in shaping the future lives of their children and the need for a responsible strategy regarding the rearing of their children.
Baumrind (1967) observed more than one hundred preschool age children and their parents and noted that responsiveness of the parents to their child’s needs in a supportive way would increase the child’s performance. There are two central elements regarding parenting style: parental responsiveness and parental demand (Maccoby & Martin, 1983). From these building blocks, Baumrind identified three prototypes: authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive. In 1983, the work of Maccoby and Martin would be published and reconceptualize Baumrind’s work by adding a fourth category; neglectful. All four of these parenting style prototypes are a combination of these basic elements. Authoritative parenting combines responsiveness with demandingness for what many people believe to be the best approach to parenting (Timpano, Keough, Mahaffey, Schmidt, & Abramowitz, 2010). The authoritarian style fuses unresponsiveness with demandingness to form a totalitarian view of child rearing. The inverse o...


... middle of paper ...


...ferences
between washers and checkers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23,197-201
Strage, A., & Brandt, T. S. (1999). Authoritative parenting and college students’ academic
adjustment and success. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 146-156.
Timpano, K. R., Keough, M. E., Mahaffey, B., Schmidt, N. B., & Abramowitz, J. (2010).
Parenting and Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms: Implications of Authoritarian Parenting. Journal Of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 24(3), 151-164.
Weiss, L.H., & Schwarz, J.C. (1996). The relationship between parenting types and older
adolescents’ personality, academic achievement, adjustment, and substance use. Child Development, 67(5), 2101-2114.
Wolfradt, U., Hempel, S., Miles, J. N. V. (2003). Perceived parenting styles,
depersonalization, anxiety and coping behaviour in adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 34,521-532.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Four Parenting Styles and Children's Outcomes Essay

- As a parent, I’ve made it one of my life’s goals to influence my children’s social and instrumental development and influence their outcome into adulthood. Many theories of parenting style have been developed over the years. Diana Baumrind has formed four styles of parenting authoritative, permissive, authoritarian, and uninvolved. Although all categories of parenting are associated with the defined styles of parenting, the outcome of the child is as diverse as the parenting types. Authoritative parenting is an affectionate type of parenting....   [tags: Parenting, parenting Styles, Children, family, ]

Free Essays
405 words (1.2 pages)

Different Styles Of Parenting Styles Essay

- Styles of Parenting There are many reasons for the different approaches people decide to take when it comes to parenting. Values, attitudes, beliefs, and goals all play a part in how parents raise their children. Although there many factors that influence how a parent behaves, their behavior can be narrowed down to four styles. It is important to remember that these styles are flexible and generalized. Many parents do not fall completely into one category or the other. The first parenting style is labeled authoritarian....   [tags: Parenting styles, Parenting, Childhood, Parent]

Term Papers
929 words (2.7 pages)

Different Types Of Parenting Styles And Effects Essays

- In this literature review, I will provide an overview of the way parenting has been described in the scholarly literature, the different types of parenting styles and effects, practices, skills, values, and the various factors that have to be put into consideration in order to bring up a successful child. Followed by the methodology used in this study, and then I will produce the narratives that were conferred by parents from different background in my community. Parenting definition Steinberg (2004) described parenting as a way of nurturing emotionally healthy kids and likened parenting to a boat built to be launched at a later date; the architectural process is distinctive and more delig...   [tags: Parenting, Childhood, Parenting styles]

Term Papers
1076 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Comparing The Three Styles Of Parenting

- When becoming parents, adults take their childhood experiences, with their prior knowledge, and mix it together and hope for the best. When comparing the three styles of parenting, (Authoritarian, Authoritative, and Permissive) you can explain how these styles of parenting can negatively or positively affect children and how they affect the parenting styles the child might choose when they themselves become parents. For example, if a child had parents who were disconnected and failed to set boundaries or expectations, the child would then grow up and become the “Authoritarian parent”, who typically uses the infamous line “Because I said so” or uses techniques such as fear, threatening emot...   [tags: Parenting styles, Sociology, Childhood, Parenting]

Term Papers
1195 words (3.4 pages)

Essay Different Types Of Parenting Styles

- Most parents today want the best for their child or children, but there are many different parenting styles that a parent can have. There are four types of styles that I know of that are more common and they include authoritative parenting, authoritarian parenting, indulgent parenting, and neglectful parenting. Adolescence is a period of development where changes like physical, psychological, and emotional take place. Parenting styles adopted by their parents have a lot of influence during this period which could affect their resilience....   [tags: Parenting styles, Parenting, Childhood, Parent]

Term Papers
1280 words (3.7 pages)

Parenting Styles : Authoritative, Authoritarian, And Permissive Essay

- Developmental Psychologist believe that parenting styles have a great amount of influence on the development. There are three major parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive. Parenting styles affect how a child responses, self-esteem, behavior, academic success, and happiness. The styles have different characteristics and ways of raising and teaching of children, this will show you which type of parent you are. Authoritative parenting is known as the most “effective and beneficial” parenting style (Bianca Mgbemere and Rachel Telles, 12/10/2013)....   [tags: Parenting styles, Parenting, Childhood]

Term Papers
983 words (2.8 pages)

Parenting Styles Essay

- An interesting topic to discuss in today's world is the various parenting styles and the potential outcomes of children that grow up in this environment. According to Types of Parenting Styles and How to Identify Yours by Bianca Mgbemere and Rachel Telles (2013), it states the four major recognized parenting styles in today's society. These include: authoritarian, neglectful, permissive, and authoritative. In all four of these parenting styles, parents learn the different behavioral effects of the child both negatively and positively....   [tags: Parenting styles, Parenting, Childhood]

Term Papers
910 words (2.6 pages)

The Parenting Styles : Corporal Punishment Has Become A Common Parenting Approach

- I believe George Holden chose to focus on parenting styles because corporal punishment has become a common parenting approach, with over 70% of families participating. The speaker wants to introduce and convince families to a better parenting style. Holden presents a paradoxical argument that argues the way to empower children and parents is to disempower parents. He touches on the subject of corporal punishment and its unintended side effects . He transitions from speaking about a “traditional” parenting orientation, to what he considers a better option, “positive” parenting....   [tags: Childhood, Parenting, Parenting styles]

Term Papers
756 words (2.2 pages)

How Do Different Parenting Styles Affect Our Children? Essay

- How do different parenting styles affect our children. Diana Baumrind conducted a study to help answer this question. She breaks down parenting into four different styles. One of these styles is Authoritative parenting. This type of parenting involves being nurturing, responsive and involved all while having high expectations. One other parenting style is uninvolved parenting. Uninvolved parenting is quite the opposite of Authoritative parenting. These parents are normally detached from their children....   [tags: Parenting styles, Parenting, Psychology, Childhood]

Term Papers
738 words (2.1 pages)

Parenting Styles Across Cultures Essay

- Introduction Parenting styles have been widely defined by Baumrind into three categories, authoritative, authoritarian and permissive. Parenting styles can be defined as a pattern of attitudes in how parents choose to express and communicate with their children. These styles are categorized based on the level of nurturance, parental control and level of responsiveness (Dwairy, 2004). Authoritative style exhibits high levels of demand, responsiveness and nurturance; authoritarian style exhibits high levels of demand but low levels of responsiveness, permissive style exhibits low levels of demand but high in responsiveness and nurturance (Dwairy, 2004)....   [tags: Cultural Differences in Parenting Practices]

Term Papers
2593 words (7.4 pages)