4. Literature Review:
Headwater streams are the peripheral reaches of larger river networks that make up between 50-70% of total reach length within the United States (Fritz et. al 2008). Headwater streams are a major component of river networks and are composed of small swales, creeks, and streams, which form the building blocks for large river and lakes. Headwater streams are very influential on the overall health of aquatic ecosystems, because they provide n...
... middle of paper ...
...ydraulic fracturing. During Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, holes are drilled into shale rock formations, deep beneath the earth's surface and injected with more than a million gallons of pressurized fracking fluid. This process creates small fissures within the rock layers that are held open by the sand particles, allowing the natural gas to vacate from the well (10). However, there is much debate over the long-term vitality and validity of the use of unconventional gas as a solution to the United States dependency on foreign oil. Much of this debate stems from what some have coined as the "exploration treadmill", the rate at which new plays must be added to production, in order to maintain a flat line and or growing (carbon)
The fracking fluid itself is mostly composed of water, sand, and small trace amounts of other chemicals, such as petroleum distillates.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Transportation plays a large role in the character of the Mill Creek Watershed, affecting the region’s land use, commerce and public health. From an infrastructure standpoint, the watershed contains (NEED NUMBER AND SOURCE) linear miles of roads, (NUMBERS) of railway tracks, as well as sidewalks, bikeways, and greenways. These highways include Interstates I-75, I-71, I-74, and I-275, which all pass through the watershed. Respectively located to the north and south of the Watershed, the Dayton International Airport and the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport provide another transportation option.... [tags: Urban Development ]
539 words (1.5 pages)
- A model is a simplified representation of a system at some particular point in time or space intended to promote understanding of the real system . Hydrologic models aid decision making and planning in several different ways. Models provide forecasts of current and alternative impacts on water quality, detail NPS processes, establish critical areas, rank alternative measures and are often the only means of predicting water quality impacts for non-monitored sites . Some of the commonly used watershed-scale hydrologic and non-point source pollution model include: AGNPS, ANSWERS, HSPF, SWMM, STORM, and VAST.... [tags: Ecology]
1023 words (2.9 pages)
- Introduction The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the Watershed Management course and to elucidate the things learned and accomplished. This class offers information, both specific and general, for educational and career applications which makes it a valuable offering in the environmental program at State University. Our connectedness to the environment through what is arguably our most vital resource, the watershed, emphasizes the importance of collaborative management. Learnings The National Research Council (NRC) states that “managing water resources at the watershed scale, while difficult, offers the potential of balancing the many, sometimes competing, demands we place on water... [tags: environment, watershed management]
1199 words (3.4 pages)
- The ecological footprint is a mathematical tool that was developed by Doctor Mathis Wackernagel and Professor William Rees in 1992 to calculate how many hectares of land or acres of land are required to support one human being. Humans use up the planets’ natural resources to survive on a daily basis. These resources include fish, forests, land, water, and other agricultural products. In an aspect, we can think of humans as parasites to the planet Earth because it is our host and we need its resources to survive.... [tags: Human, World population, Ecological footprint]
2013 words (5.8 pages)
- Benefits of Multi-Level Watershed Management Non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) have played a significant role in establishing grassroots methods of environmental protection while incorporating citizen involvement. The most prevalent types of NGO’s in the United States are ones that rally public opinion and advocate legislative and/or social change. Among these are the various Public Interest Groups (PIRG’s), the Sierra Club, the Environmental Defense Fund, and Greenpeace. Public education and involvement are seminal components to the success of these organizations.... [tags: Watershed Management Essays]
2017 words (5.8 pages)
- Individual integrity is often skimmed over when it comes to the metacognition we should use from day to day. Metacognition is referred to as, thinking about thinking, or knowing about knowing which in turn helps us learn. A majority of society holds a belief, tradition, even a fear; as it may be so, of one of the most important parts of evolution—change. When thinking about who we are, why we are here, and what we can do about becoming better, learning to question right and wrong is an aspect of metacognition.... [tags: Ethics Integrity Essays]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- I The state of being complete or undivided, purity. Integrity is a powerful and uncommon trait according to today’s standards. One may be defined and known by his or her integrity. “A man is rich or poor according to what he is, not according to what he has” Henry Ward Beecher. In the real world today, certain levels of integrity are expected in different places. For example, where we find the influence of evil, we find a lack of integrity. Important issues include: what the Bible has to say about integrity, viewing integrity as a choice and integrity in current affairs.... [tags: Ethical Integrity Essays]
627 words (1.8 pages)
- Integrity is how somebody lives their life. In this life we live, we face choices every day that only we can answer. We dictate how we run our own lives, and they way we run them defines us. Integrity is doing the right thing versus the wrong thing. People, if nothing else, can always have their pride, their integrity. It is something that means a lot to some people and then nothing to others. The ones who value their integrity highly are the good people in this world, and the opposite is true for those who do not value their integrity.... [tags: Ethical Integrity Essays]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Definition of Integrity · Since this paper deals with the idea of integrity in leadership, it is useful to start this paper defining integrity. Webster's dictionary defines integrity as "uncompromising adherence to a code of moral, artistic or other values; utter sincerity, honesty and candor, avoidance of deception, expediency, or shallowness of any kind" Let us exam this definition a bit deeper. The first part of the definition talks of uncompromising adherence. This means that one would always choose the "right" path, regardless of what seems to be more appealing.... [tags: Ethical Integrity Essays]
1659 words (4.7 pages)
- Watershed Management Watersheds are the areas of the Earth's surface that drains downhill to surface water bodies large or small, watersheds have discrete boundaries established by mountains, hills and valleys, and include all lakes, rivers, wetlands, streams, and other surrounding landscape. Watersheds often cross national, state and local borders, watersheds transcend as many political, social and economic boundaries as they do ecological boundaries. In recent years, significant progress has been made in achieving cleaner and healthier watersheds that support both aquatic life and many human uses.... [tags: Papers]
975 words (2.8 pages)