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Analysis Of Great Lakes Conservation

explanatory Essay
1298 words
1298 words
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Great Lakes Conservation
The American Great Lakes; Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario make up 21% of the world’s surface, fresh water. These lakes are home to a variety of wildlife species and fish that are a concern. The lakes also provide drinking water for 40 million people. Commercial fishing, sport fishing and Native American fishing are the major industries providing jobs in the Great Lakes Region and this impacts the fragile ecosystem. The urban runoff and sprawl, sewage disposal, agriculture and toxic industrial waste also affect human health, fish populations, and aquatic food chains. The Great Lakes Restoration initiative is the largest investment in the Great Lakes in two decades. There is a task force of 11 federal agencies that developed an action plan to implement the initiative. The action plan is to cover fiscal years 2010-2014 and addressed five urgent issues. Those issues include; 1. Cleaning up toxics and areas of concern. 2. Combating invasive species, 3. Promoting nearshore health by protecting watersheds from polluted runoff, 4. Restoring wetlands and other habitats. 5. Tracking progress and working with strategic partners. In 2012 and 2013 with the input of citizens 3 key priorities helped to guide the restoration project. They were cleaning up areas of concern, reducing nutrients entering the lakes and preventing the introduction of new, invasive species. New technologies, such as a swimming video camera and an all-terrain robot, are granting researchers their first glimpse of a region critical to the Great Lakes’ health.
The Action Plan
Toxic substances and Areas of concern: includes pollution prevention, clean up of the most polluted areas in the Great Lakes. Although many so...

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...tario. The great lakes Water Quality Agreement is an international agreement between Canada and the United States their collective goals are to restore and maintain the Great Lakes. The agreement outlines the commitments of both countries to restore and maintain water quality and aquatic ecosystem health in the Great Lakes. Since 1989 Canada has spent 355 million dollars to help restore the ecosystems. Canada currently invests 48 million a year on the restoration projects. President Barack Obama's administration developed the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative in 2009, that provided $475 million dollars the first year and $300 million annually since. Last year a house subcommittee proposed slashing the allocation to 60 million starting in 2014. It is feared that this 80% cut would gut the programs and this would have a major impact on Canada and the U.S. Sources

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the great lakes restoration initiative is the largest investment in the region in two decades.
  • Explains that pollution prevention, clean up of the most polluted areas in the great lakes, and remediation of 43 million cubic yards of contaminated sediments.
  • Opines that the goal is to protect the health and integrity of wildlife populations and habitats from adverse impacts.
  • Explains that the great lakes restoration initiative will help speed up pollution prevention and reduce pollution in the ecosystem.
  • Explains that eight state-based, multi-agency plans will be implemented and 22 mock exercised to practice rapid responses. by 2014, the goal is to educate 10 million recreational and resource users in the prevention of the spreading and introduction of invasive species
  • Explains that the great lakes water quality agreement is an international agreement between canada and the united states. since 1989, canada has spent 355 million dollars to help restore the ecosystems.
  • Explains that areas of concern are cleaned up, restoring the areas and removing the beneficial use impairments. the release of toxic substances in toxic amounts is prevented, and the exposure to historically contaminated sources is significantly reduced.
  • Explains that non-native aquatic, wetland, and terrestrial invasive species have impeded the restoration of the great lakes.
  • Describes the goals of the great lakes ecosystem, including a zero-tolerance policy and an efficient, environmentally sound program for pest management.
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