Bad harvest and famine are one of them (Brown 2008, 16). Also lack of water for elementary daily needs will lead to insanitariness. This will increase risk of spreading such diseases as typhoid, cholera and dysentery (10 facts about water scarcity 2009). Also disastrous water shortage in the Middle East may change existent struggle into regional conflict. It is evident that this problem needs to be immediately solved.
Xie, J. 2008. Addressing China’s Water Scarcity: A Synthesis of Recommendations for Selected Water Resource Management Issues. Herndon: World Bank Publications. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/astana/Doc?id=10273763&ppg=48 (accessed October 25, 2010).
Four solutions will be analysed in this essay: firstly, adoption of irrigation systems; secondly, water harvesting; thirdly, desalination; fourthly, water management. Initially, the largest customer of water resources is the agriculture sector. It is a really danger for Jordan because the statistics show that water consumption of agriculture is about 80 % of all water. Therefore, firstly, the suitable solution is to reduce water consumption of agriculture (Akawwic et al 2010, 201). It could be realized with using effective irrigation methods such as drip or micro irrigation (ibid.,202).
If you ask any environmentalist in China what the country’s principal issue is, the answer is always: water. China is becoming drier every year—its fresh water reserves declined 13% from 2000 to 2009 (Cho, 2011). It is estimated that every year China has a water supply shortfall of 40 billion cubic meters (Lu and Liao 1, 2011). The question is, why does China have such a serious problem with water? One of the major causes of water scarcity in China is its climate.
The effects of water shortages being felt here. The country feels its worst drought in its history, and will have a negative impact on the food and the economy, except for their personal lives Approximately 348 million people face serious economic water deficiency. They live in countries where potential water resources are sufficient to meet the reasonable water needs to 2025, but they should undertake massive improvement of water supply projects, at huge cost and probably serious harm to environment, to reach this purpose. The Middle East is forbidden approximately 5% the population in the world. However, it has only 1% freshwater resources in the world.
Water shortage in United States is a potential problem. Today almost no one consider how serious the issue is. Water is the main resource of our living; we have it and do not realize how much water we waste. In U.S.A. there are over usage of water in irrigation, agriculture, industry and over usage in residential purposes. According to CBS News report (Strassmann, 2010), average American uses about 150 gallons every day, while Englishmen use 40 gallons, Chinese – 22 and Kenyan - 13 gallons.
This seems to be a great number yet the world has to continue to strive for better. Health Dangers The health dangers that the lack of clean water creates ranges in levels with the most severe being death. “More than 3.5 million people die each year from water-related disease; 84 percent are children. Nearly all deaths, 98 percent, occur in the developing world” (Water, 2011, p.1). There are many waterborne diseases that contribute to poor health conditions.
They cause water and food shortages that have negative effects on the population. Droughts can last for a few months or even years and are known as the ‘creeping’ hazard because they develop slowly and have a prolonged existence. Droughts are very difficult to predict, but researchers are working on advanced warning systems and trying to find a way to predict the lifespan of each drought. The three main hazards of a drought are communicable diseases, famine, and death. Communicable diseases are caused by the lack of water supply, sanitation, malnutrition, displacement, and the hig... ... middle of paper ... ...isconsin Board of Regents, 1986.
States' View of How Federal Agencies Could Help Them Meet the Challenges of Expected Shortages. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-03-514 USGS. (2012). Domestic Water Use. Retrieved from http: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/wudo.html World Health Organization.