The Problem of Water Scarcity

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Water Scarcity is harmful to human life because when water is poorly managed throughout the world, those who need water are deprived of nutrients they truly need causing them to die. This eventually affects the global population. Therefore many experts have proposed several solutions such as the LifeSaver Bottle, TrojanUVPhox treatment system, and Waste Water Recycling. The problem of water scarcity has increasingly spread throughout the world as of yet, The UN reports that within the next half- century up to 7 billion people in 60 countries which is more than the whole present population will face water scarcity (Sawin “Water Scarcity could Overwhelm the Next Generation”). As well the demand for freshwater has tripled over the past 50 years, and is continuing to rise as a result of population growth and economic development. 70% of this demand derives from agriculture which shows the influence of water on food supply globally as well not just drinking water (Sawin “Water Scarcity could overwhelm the Next Generation”). But increasing water use is not just a matter of the greater number of people needing it to drink and eat; it also comes from pollution and misuse of water supplies, by either dumping or runoff of bacteria or chemicals into water. This also “causes other pollutions as well such as soil and air pollution, accelerating wetland damage and human caused global warming” (Smith and Thomassey 25). According to UN report, recent estimates suggest that climate change will account for about 20 percent of the increase in global water scarcity in coming decades. One main causes of water scarcity is water mismanagement worldwide. Water mismanagement has become a crisis of governance that will impact heavily ... ... middle of paper ... ...rtied by bacteria and viruses not chemicals. To compliment this the UV oxidation would be used in more developed countries to destroy chemicals within the water allowing water to be cleaned worldwide ultimately in the end possibly ending the lack of water supply for the world. Works Cited Leach, Mike. "UV-Oxidation: Municipal Case Studies." Iuva.com. N.p., Sept. 2006. Web. Miller, Debra A. Will the World Run out of Fresh Water? Detroit: Greenhaven, 2007. Print. Reinders, Henry. "Life Saver." Portablewaterfilters.org. N.p., 19 Sept. 2012. Web. Salzman, James. Drinking Water: A History. New York: Overlook Duckworth, 2012. Print. Sawin, Janet. "Water Scarcity Could Overwhelm the Next Generation." Un.org. N.p., Aug. 2010. Web. Smith, Zachary A., and Grenetta Thomassey. Freshwater Issues: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002. Print
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