Many of these in later years shall need to be addressed as tension rises: Saving and consumption of water Improving drinking water supply Increasing access to clean water supply Decreasing tension between war-ing nation over resources With the population expecting to rise 40-50% within the next 50 years, the demand for water in Agricultural needs and Environmental needs will rise as well, creating a more desperate water crisis. Developed countries struggle with managing water consumption. Our high demand in agriculture, industry, and domestic use further complicates this issue. With increasing urbanization and extravagant changes in lifestyle, our use and wasting of water will only increase. As of this year, nearly 1.1 billion people live without clean drinking water and 2.6 billion live without adequate water sanitation.
Numerous environmental studies have shown that unless we take serious action to restore the health of our environment, we will be at serious risk. The risks posed to us, wildlife and the environment stem from the loss of natural resources, loss of biodiversity, rapid pollution and the most detrimental, global warming (climate change). Those factors increase the deterioration of the environment exponentially. The continual degradation of the environment will eventually lead to the demise of the human population. Human consumption of Earth’s natural resources will continue to climb as the human population booms.
Bad harvest and famine are one of them (Brown 2008, 16). Also lack of water for elementary daily needs will lead to insanitariness. This will increase risk of spreading such diseases as typhoid, cholera and dysentery (10 facts about water scarcity 2009). Also disastrous water shortage in the Middle East may change existent struggle into regional conflict. It is evident that this problem needs to be immediately solved.
When this water is discovered however, most of it is impure and contains many hazardous parasites that can cause infirmity and even death. Water borne diseases and the lack of basic sanitation lead to the deaths of more people every year than all violent killings in the world, even war (“Wh... ... middle of paper ... ... Opinion: 9. Print. Marino, Deborah D.. "Water and Food Safety in the Developing World: Global Implications for Health and Nutrition of Infants and Young Children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 107.11 (2007): 1930-1934.
According to CQ Researcher’s Cooper “More than a billion people around the world lack access to safe drinking water and their numbers are growing”(Water Shortage). Is it fair that so many people must go without water while thousands of gallons are wasted here in the United States? Cooper in addition commented that “unlike the vast majority of natural resources water often is seen as a free commodity like the air we breathe” (Water Shortage). Without seeing water as something worth conserving, we literally pour away our most valuable resource. We can not afford this; water shortages already ravage the majority of the world: “If per-capita water consumption continues to rise at current rates, humans will take more than 90 percent of all available fresh water by 2025, leaving only 10 percent of the earth’s fresh water for all animals and plants on the planet” (Cooper, Water Shortage).
Over the past fifty years, the U.S. population has doubled in size. During this time, total water usage per person has almost tripled. Since the end of World War II, there has been a steady increase of people moving out of rural areas and into cities. As a result, the domestic self-supplied population has greatly decreased and the need for public-water supply systems has intensified. These factors, in conjunction with certain economic trends, precipitation, and global climate changes, pose difficult challenges in the years to come.
If you ask any environmentalist in China what the country’s principal issue is, the answer is always: water. China is becoming drier every year—its fresh water reserves declined 13% from 2000 to 2009 (Cho, 2011). It is estimated that every year China has a water supply shortfall of 40 billion cubic meters (Lu and Liao 1, 2011). The question is, why does China have such a serious problem with water? One of the major causes of water scarcity in China is its climate.
However, now there is more light being trapped than being released, and the earth becomes over heated. This is the process that scientists have claimed as Global Warming. Global Warming, caused by humans, is negatively affecting our planet. It is causing our sea water to rise and our freshwater to shorten, near extinction of animals, and it is affecting our health. The changes in our water have become more drastic as time goes on.
Ed. Thomas J. Schoenberg. Vol. 38. Gale Cengage, 2006. eNotes.com.