Essay on Earthquakes and Architectures

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There were several topics to choose for this essay, but architectural earthquake-resistant design was best fitted for my Gaming/Animation degree for a few reasons. The first reason is I have had the privilege to take several art history classes that focused on architecture throughout the world. Secondly, I am learning how to use 3d modeling programs such as, Maya and Cinema 4d. To become successful with those programs, I have to learn about the interior as well as the exterior to make the models look real. Lastly, learning about earthquakes and architecture was intriguing because I am from Kansas City and I have not experienced an earthquake. The only prior knowledge I had of the behavior of architectures during an earthquake is what I have seen in pictures. Even then those pictures left me with a few questions like, why certain buildings reacted differently during an earthquake or what information the victims of the earthquake knew about the building or house.
There are many factors that affect the damages to a building during and after an earthquake, such as the ground beneath the building (fault line, landfills, bedrock) as well as different the types of building material (wood, steel, brick/masonry) and how it behaves during an earthquake. For example, the wood used for framing in smaller structures (i.e. houses), as well as the steel framing used in larger structures like skyscrapers.
We will begin by discussing the land that is underneath the structures and its reaction to the earthquake. According to National Geographic there are three types of ground, Fault-zones, Landfills, and Bedrock. Even though each of those ground shakes during an earthquake, the building itself reacts differently to the terrains.
Fault-zones ...

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...ness Program. College of Charleston. Web.
Klinger, Richard E. "How Masonry Buildings Resist Earthquakes." The Aberdeen Group(1990): 1-5. Print
National Geographic. "Forces of Nature -- National Geographic." Environment Facts, Environment Science, Global Warming, Natural Disasters, Ecosystems, Green Living - National Geographic. National Geographic. Web. 13 Apr. 2011.
Living Steel "Structural Safety - Living Steel - Living Steel." Home - Living Steel - Living Steel. Living Steel. Web. 15 Apr. 2011.
Mansfield, Stephen. "Tokyo: The High-Tech Slum." Japan Inc 35 (2002): 46. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 17 Apr. 2011.
"Multi-Story Buildings." Version 2: 1-17. INSDAG. I-Quest Solutions. Web. 16 Apr. 2011.
Murty, C. V.R. "Earthquake Tip 12: Learning Earthquake Design and Construction." How Do Brick Masonry Houses Behave during Earthquakes? (2003): 1+. Print.

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