Early Intervention and Juvenile Delinquency Prevention: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study

Early Intervention and Juvenile Delinquency Prevention: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study

Length: 2628 words (7.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Early Intervention and Juvenile Delinquency Prevention: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study (CLS) (Mann, E. A., & Reynolds, A. J., 2006).

The Chicago Longitudinal Study (CLS) was a quasi-experimental design study which investigated the role of Child-Parent Center (CPC), early education intervention (independent variable) and child, family, peer and school-level predictors on court-reported juvenile delinquency (dependent variable). The predictor variables used have been supported through extensive research and included: early antisocial behavior, individual-level attributes of the child family attributes, and social characteristics of both the child and the family (Lipsey & Derzon, 1998). This prediction model was utilized to evaluate the relations between program CPC participation and lower rates of juvenile delinquency through age 18 in a high-risk low-income urban sample. Although there was a correlation between early childhood education and reduced delinquency, causality was not established because other variables could have caused the reduction in delinquency.

The delinquency sample drew from 1,406 subjects of the original 1,539 students who participated in CLS. The cohort of 1,539 youth were born in 1980 and attended early childhood programs during the 1985-1986 school year (Reynolds, 1991). The sample was relatively homogenous: 93% African American, urban Chicago, high poverty rates, and high risk for behavioral problems. 1,539 students were broken into two groups; 989 students included who enrolled in CPC (experimental) and 550 children who received community-based kindergarten services (control).

Data was collected on children from age 5-6 until they reached age 18. The secondary sources examined a variety ...


... middle of paper ...


...linquency
Prevention: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Social Work Research, 30 (3), 153-167. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.libproxy.sdsu.edu/docview/212142238/fulltextPDF?accountid=13758

Criminal Justice Fact Sheet. Retrieved on November 27, 2013 from
http://www.naacp.org/pages/criminal-justice-fact-sheet. National Association of Advancement of Colored People

Reynolds, A., Temple, J.A., Robertson D.L., & Mann, E.A. (2002) Age 21 cost-benefit
analysis of the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 24, 267-303.


(Zigler el al., 1992)


Lanza-Kaduce, L., Frazier, C.E., Bishop, D.M., (2002). Juvenile Transfer to Criminal Court Study: Final Report. Florida Department of Juvenile Justice Prison Policy Initiative, 8 January 2002.
Retrieved from http://www.prisonpolicy.org/scans/juveniletransfers.pdf


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Juvenile Delinquency : A Serious Problem Essay

- Juvenile delinquency is a serious problem affecting offenders, communities, and all of society physically, emotionally, and economically. Each year, millions of juveniles are arrested for delinquency and even more participate or are at risk of participating in acts of delinquency. Delinquents face numerous challenges including risk for incarceration, school drop-out, drug use and an increase in the likelihood of adult criminality (Sherman et al., 1998). Numerous programs attempt to prevent delinquency and rehabilitate delinquents, however most fail to produce significant results....   [tags: Family, Juvenile delinquency, Psychology]

Research Papers
1336 words (3.8 pages)

A Critical Issue Of Juvenile Delinquency Essay

- A critical issue, perhaps most injurious to our futures, involves the criminal tendencies of our youth. Juvenile delinquency is without a doubt one of the most crucial topics that we face in our society today. Children and teens do not only shape our future, but will also pave the footsteps for future generations. What prompts this criminal behavior. And why is the proportion of delinquents in society seemingly increasing. As we will see, many factors play a role in molding personality; these factors include gender, family, and schools....   [tags: Juvenile delinquency, Crime, Criminology]

Research Papers
1472 words (4.2 pages)

Parental Behavior And Adolescent Delinquency Essay

- Other theorists (Hoeve, Unnever, and Tyler) though looked at parenting styles, and put the blame on the parents, rather than the juvenile for committing crimes. All three have found that “neglectful parenting” tends to show the most correlation between neglect trauma and delinquency, this style of parenting has “low support and low control” (Hoeve, 2009, p 751). Unnever, found the exact same results as the Hoeve article, and states that “inept parenting, is regularly portrayed as a risk factor for unhealthy social development and, in turn, for antisocial behavior” which can be agreed on by most to be a factor for delinquent behavior (Unnever, 2006, p 3)....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminal justice]

Research Papers
1491 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Juvenile Punishment And The Juvenile Court System

- In Pennsylvania, a ten-year-old boy was arrested for allegedly beating a ninety-year-old woman to death (Stele 1). This boy can either be tried as an adult or tried as a juvenile. Based on the modern juvenile system he will most likely be tried as an adult without his mental capabilities, IQ, or brain development being tested and observed. This system is unfair and too extreme for young kids who cannot understand, tolerate, and benefit from adult sentences. It is also way too early for kids to be throwing their lives away because of a choice that they made....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Juvenile delinquency]

Research Papers
1791 words (5.1 pages)

The Impact of Gender and Family on Juvenile Delinquency in the United States

- ... It is important to note that a number of misdemeanor crimes go unreported while serious crimes involving injury and/or large economic loss are reported more often. A 1998 U.S. longitudinal study tracking over 6,400 boys for over 20 years found that children who grew up without their biological father in the home were roughly three times more likely to commit a crime that led to incarceration, than children from intact families (Harper & McLanahan, 1998). Others have found that children of divorced parents are up to six times more likely to be delinquent than children from intact families....   [tags: treatment by gender, juvenile justice system]

Research Papers
902 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about Juvenile Offenders Should Not Be Tried

- The young adolescent has become increasingly violent since 1970, Today more gang exist than during the 1970s and homicides occur more often than in the past thirty years. Crime rates have not only dropped significantly in the past 5 years (Vieregg n.p. Now that more juvenile delinquents are entering the justice system the question become how should they be tried. Being tried in a juvenile court for the serious offense is like a slap on the wrist. Sure, they can be sent to an adult facility if only they are the trail as an adult due to nature of their offense....   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

Research Papers
1416 words (4 pages)

Essay about Are The Major Causes Of Juvenile Crime Lack Of Parenting?

- Are the Major Causes of Juvenile Crime Lack of Parenting. “I think we attribute it [juvenile crime] to parents who need to pay more attention to their children,” Columbia County Juvenile Judge Doug Flanagan stated, “The problem almost always starts at home” (Mirshak 1). Simply not meeting a child’s emotional, mental, or physical needs can fall under the umbrella of “lack of parenting”; neglectful or abusive parenting is a definite example of a lack of parenting that can cause juvenile crime. Juvenile delinquency or crime usually refers to the violation of a law by a juvenile or minor (Gibbons 1)....   [tags: Childhood, Juvenile delinquency, Crime]

Research Papers
915 words (2.6 pages)

Juvenile Violence : A Social Problem That Is Spreading Across The United States

- Multiple studies show that juvenile violence is a social problem that is spreading across the United States. This behavior includes Statistical data presented by the Center for Disease Control shows that it is the third leading cause of death for young people 15-24 and results in billions of dollars in costs related to medical and work loss (“Understanding Youth”, 2015). The consequences of youth violence include homicide and assault which devastates communities in which it occurs. In addition, it affects the health of communities resulting in increased health care costs, decreased property value, and disruption in social services (“Understanding Youth”, 2015)....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Juvenile delinquency]

Research Papers
1301 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Families and Juvenile Delinquency

- Introduction Families serve as one of the strongest socializing forces in a person's life. They help teach children to control unacceptable behavior, to delay gratification, and to respect the rights of others. Conversely, families can also teach children aggressive, antisocial, and violent behavior. In adults' lives, family responsibilities may provide an important stabilizing force. Given these possibilities, family life may directly contribute to the development of delinquent and criminal tendencies....   [tags: children, aggression, crimine, divorce, family]

Research Papers
2008 words (5.7 pages)

Juvenile Offenders : A Distinct Divide Between How They Should Be Treated

- When discussing juvenile offenders, there seems to be a distinct divide between how they should be treated. Some believe such young citizens should be treated with leniency in court while others completely disagree. This raises the question, “Should minors be treated with more leniency than their adult counterparts due to their youth?” Despite that the judicial system has flaws, treating juvenile offenders as adults in a court of law proves to be disadvantageous. To start off, it is important to realize that the juvenile justice system was created to specialize in aiding the youth of today....   [tags: Crime, Judge, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]

Research Papers
1189 words (3.4 pages)