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Juvenile Offenders Recidivism and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

explanatory Essay
2841 words
2841 words
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According to the National Institute of Justice, recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. The NIJ defines recidivism as a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after receiving sanctions or undergoing intervention for a previous crime. Recidivism is often utilized in evaluating prisons effectiveness in crime control. Reducing recidivism is crucial for probation, parole and to the correctional system overall. Literature Review “There is no single cognitive-behavioral method or theory” a quote by McGuire, quoted by Pearson and Lipton et al. in their study of Behavioral/Cognitive-Behavioral Programs on Recidivism (Pearson & Lipton et al., 2002). According to the National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists (NACBT), Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is based on the idea that our thoughts cause our feelings and behaviors, not external things, like people, situations, and events. The benefit of this fact is that we can change the way we think to feel/act better even if the situation does not change includes but is not limited to: social skill training (NACBT). According to Pearson and Lipton et al. in their study of behavioral/Cognitive-Behavioral Programs on Recidivism; Cognitive approaches includes but are not limited to social skills training, which uses modeling and role-play, social problem-solving training, rational-emotive therapy, the cognitive skills program, often referred to as the Reasoning and Rehabilitation program, and the relapse prevention model (Pearson & Lipton et al., 2002). Throughout history, it has become very clear that the tough on crime model just does not work. As stated by Drago & Galbiati et al. In their article: Prison Conditions and Recidivism, although it is... ... middle of paper ... ... at external validity, if conducted elsewhere whether it’s federal prisons, or different state prisons, we are confident that the results would be rather similar. Works Cited Drago, F., Galbiati, R. & Vertova, P. (2011). Prison conditions and recidivism. American law and economics review, 13 (1), pp. 103--130. Henggeler, S. & Schoenwald, S. J. (2011). Evidence-based interventions for juvenile offenders and juvenile justice policies that support them. Social policy report, 25 (1), pp. 1--20. Lipsey, M. W., Chapman, G. L., L & Enberger, N. A. (2001). Cognitive-behavioral programs for offenders. The annals of the american academy of political and social science, 578 (1), pp. 144--157. Pearson, F. S., Lipton, D. S., Clel & Yee, D. S. (2002). The effects of behavioral/cognitive-behavioral programs on recidivism. Crime & delinquency, 48 (3), pp. 476--496.

In this essay, the author

  • Defines recidivism as a person's relapse into criminal behavior, often after receiving sanctions or undergoing intervention. reducing it is crucial for probation, parole and the correctional system overall.
  • Explains that the literature review is compelling for the argument that cbt programs are effective in reducing recidivism rate among criminal offenders.
  • Explains that the independent variable will be measured by cognitive-behavioral approaches such as social skills training (modeling and role-play), social problem-solving training, rational-emotive therapy, reasoning and rehabilitation program, and the relapse prevention model.
  • Explains that semi-structured interviews and self-reports will help in determining the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  • Explains that a test re-test method was utilized to test the reliability of the measures in the pretest phase.
  • Explains that testing for validity can be challenging for self-reports because participants may lie, give answers that they think a researcher is looking for, act according to expectations, etc. interviewers, therapists, probation officers, and all parties involved in administering the test/study were trained.
  • Explains that participants are free to walk away from the study at any point should they wish to. the consent form is meant to ensure willing participation.
  • Explains that there are several threats to validity when conducting a study, including internal validity, external validity and statistical conclusion validity.
  • Explains that there is no single cognitive-behavioral method or theory based on the idea that our thoughts cause our feelings and behaviors, not external things like people, situations, and events.
  • Analyzes the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy/therapy programs on juvenile recidivism, based on the knowledge gained from literature review.
  • Explains that only juvenile offenders were eligible for selection. the study will take place in correctional facilities and in the community.
  • Explains how the lottery system of sample random selection technique was employed to assign offenders to either a control or treatment group.
  • Explains that a comparison will be made from the data collected from pretest to posttest to determine the effectiveness of the program.
  • Explains drago, galbiati, vertova, schoenwald, lipsey, chapman, l & enberger, n. a. cognitive-behavioral programs for offenders.
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