All over the United states there has been great controversy about whether or not there should be drug testing in schools. The drug testing topic became even more popular when the Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in favor of drug testing not being unconstitutional (Bowman). There has been many court cases such as Vernonia v. Acton (Proctor 1336), Earls v. Tecumseh (Yamaguchi, Johnston, and O’Malley 3) and Schaill v. Tippecanoe (Yamaguchi, Johnston, and O’Malley 2) that debate whether or not schools should drug test their athletes. The National Institute on Drug Abuse had a study which proved that drug use is increasing all over the United States (Proctor 1335). Although schools could be testing the wrong group of people, schools should drug test their athletes because it has been proven effective, it can help spread awareness, and it does not go against the Fourth Amendment.
The case of New Jersey v. T.L.O was the first case that was held due of the questioning about whether or not the drug testing of athletes was constitutional. The case came about because of an incident where a girl was caught smoking marijuana in a bathroom and then had her purse searched (Proctor). Vernonia v. Acton is another Supreme Court case which developed the three-pronged balancing test which would determine if a search is constitutional. This case also argued that the drug testing could cause mistrust and resistance from students (Proctor 1336). The Board of Education v. Earls expanded the three-pronged test (Proctor 1352).
There are many statistics and studies that have shown that illegal substances are being used by adolescents and that the amount of students using the substances is growing. “A Monitoring the Future survey, fu...
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...ugs and not finding a need to use illicit drugs” (Yamaguchi, Johnston, and O’Malley 4). There are many activities that are tested for illegal drugs because of safety purposes. Many people who are testing are not in activities that could harm them such as choir and band, but there are many students that could be harmed because of what they are working with such as shop equipment or laboratories (Kozlowski).
Overall, sports or any other extracurricular activities are non-mandatory, they are a privilege (Yamaguchi, Johnston, and O’Malley 2). Many students who take part in extracurricular activities and sports acknowledge that they will have many more responsibilities and expectations (Kozlowski). Therefore, schools should require drug testing athletes because it has been proven effective, it spreads awareness and it does not go against the Fourth Amendment.
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