Crime Control in America Essay

:: 1 Works Cited
Length: 1599 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

There has long been a debate over which, if any, are the most effective methods of crime control. Governments from bottom to top in our nation have poured over the issue with mixed results for as long as there has been a nation. Until very recently deterrence was completely based on fear of punishment. However, recent years have provided us with a more complete understanding of crime and its roots among the more desirable parts of our society, specifically the mind of a criminal. Through the study of psychology, specifically free will, determinism and social identity, we may find that situational crime prevention is a better means to deter crime in our nation.
The debate over the proper course for effective crime control can be traced back to the famous treatise “On Crimes and Punishments” written by Cesare Beccaria in 1764. Beccaria’s work implies (rightly so) that potential law violators would be deterred if government agencies could swiftly detect, try and punish anyone who violates the criminal law. This exercise in disciplinary power is noted by Jokiranta; “In order to get hold of the hearts and minds of the members, the community has to get hold of their bodies” (Jokiranta, pg 10), and has been adopted by systems of criminal justice since their beginning with the London Metropolitan Police in 1829. Along with this approach came the stigma that criminals were predominantly born of poverty and misfortune.
Since the 1960’s, when criminal justice became the subject of serious academic study, significant debate has continued over the way in which crime control should be approached. Political scientist James Q. Wilson made the persuasive argument that most criminals are not poor unfortunates who commit crime to survive...

... middle of paper ...

...hes can be utilized inexpensively.
In conclusion, we can see that social psychological theories can be used to identify a large part of what constitutes crime in America. Understanding the average criminal mind requires us to understand how a criminal might place themselves in our society. The concepts of determinism and free will may be the preliminary stepping stones to the mind of a criminal. If we begin the psychological analysis of a known criminal with his or her concept of free will and determinism, then determine their self imposed social identity we may discover psychological deterrents to the crime they committed. And by focusing on the understanding and developing of psychological deterrents we can reduce certain types of crime rates with less use of monetary resources than are spent today on the fear deterrent.

Works Cited

Challenge of Democracy

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Marijuana and Prohibition Essay - Abraham Lincoln, one of our country’s greatest leaders once said, “Prohibition ... goes beyond the bounds of reason in that it attempts to control a man's appetite by legislation and makes a crime out of things that are not crimes ... A prohibition law strikes a blow at the very principles upon which our government was founded.” The prohibition of marijuana goes hand and hand with this quote. Marijuana prohibition acts enforced by the government have legally banned the usage of marijuana in the country, but over the years the prohibition of marijuana has become a crime of itself....   [tags: control appetite, crime, legislation, america]
:: 4 Works Cited
1745 words
(5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay about Gun Control and Crime Rates - Does gun control reduce crime rates. Actually, gun control does not significantly reduce crime. In fact, strict gun control regulations do not stop criminals from getting guns because only law-abiding citizens comply with the law. In contrast, criminals do not obey gun control laws just as they do not obey many other laws. Gun advocates argue that less available guns results in less crime, however research has shown the opposite. Gun control is an ineffective way of reducing crime because gun control does not target the underlying causes of crime....   [tags: Strict Gun Control Regulations, America, Guns]
:: 2 Works Cited
922 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gun Control in America Essay - There are gun control laws to try and reduce the number of violent shootings that occur. They are trying to put limits on weapons that Americans can own. The government is trying to take our guns away mainly because of people that are criminally insane. Most of the people who commit crimes don’t even have the weapons legally. If the government takes away the rights of people who are allowed to have firearms in their possession, it will most definitely cause an outrage. Most people believe that the people should be more capable of maintain proper use of the firearms instead of having them all taken away....   [tags: Gun Control, Gun VIolence, Shootings, Crime]
:: 9 Works Cited
989 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Better Education Will Reduce America's Crime Rate Essay - Once a year in Switzerland a tournament, called Knabenschiessen, is held to show who has the best aim with various weapons. A trophy or prize goes to the top boy and girl shooters. As most everyone in Switzerland gets trained in the use of various weapons there is little to no crime in the country. According to the Swiss Federal Police Office there were 2,687 crimes committed in Switzerland in 1997. Of those only 637 involved guns (Halbrook, 1999). The best way to deal with crime is to educate people on weaponry, create more gun control laws, and harsher sentences for criminals caught in possession of a weapon....   [tags: Pro Gun Control]
:: 4 Works Cited
609 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Firearms and Gun Control in America Essay - Firearms are a huge part of the American culture; guns are used for various tasks. These firearms have recently assumed a bad name due to the lawbreakers that have been doing horrible actions with them. However, anything can acquire a bad review or reputation due to incorrect usage. A pencil can receive the label a weapon if set in the wrong hands and participates in a horrific act. A pencil can be a weapon that states wrongful information or hurtful facts that can destroy people. There have been tragedies, which have given guns a nasty reputation, but shouldn’t the person have the awful reputation, the gun did not choose to take this action....   [tags: gun, weapon, hunting, crime]
:: 5 Works Cited
1030 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Gun Control in America - American citizens have the fundamental right to defend themselves. Americans also have the right to resist any crime that as the potential to cause great bodily harm or damage. To ignore these rights would be completely ignorant. Here in America, the right to carry weapons to defend oneself is a huge privilege that citizens of some other developed countries do not have. Healthy American citizens should rightfully carry weapons to defend themselves from any act of violence committed against or directed towards them....   [tags: American Citizens, Defense, Crime, Rights]
:: 8 Works Cited
976 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Gun Control Debate in America Essay - GUN CONTROL DEBATE IN AMERICA Gun control has become a very hot topic of contention in America today. What seems to echo here are two words: “guns” and “crime”, in a sense that are these words mutually exclusive to each other. Does the use of guns ultimately lead to crime. On the flip side, have the laws in America restricting firearm use been effective enough to protect the lives of the citizens. These are some of the questions that strike the hearts of many when the gun control debate music is played....   [tags: guns, crime, laws, firearms, weapons] 1171 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gun Control in America Today Essay - During the Vietnam War, more than twice as many Americans were killed with firearms in the U.S. than died in combat. Today, firearms are used in approximately 65% of the 11,000 homicides a year. Suicides are carried out via a gun 57% of the 16,600 a year (“GunCite” 49). These statistics pose the question, “Would there be that many fewer deaths if guns were banned altogether. Or would these deaths occur just the same but by other means?” Studies on both a local and a national level have shown that the majority of murders are committed by those with previous criminal records....   [tags: Guns Weapons Violence Crime Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
4394 words
(12.6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
America Needs Gun Control Laws Essay - Guns have been the weapon of choice for some of the most brutal massacres on America soil. Since early history guns have been used mainly for militia and defense purposes. But, the development of new gun technology has made firearms more accessible and deadly. Although the second amendment gives the right to bear arms, guns should be controlled and monitored by the government because guns have contributed to a lot of killings in America and will increase crime rates. Gun control can be defined as “the use of law to limit people's access to handguns, shotguns, rifles, and other firearms” ("Gun Control")....   [tags: Gun Control Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
900 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gun Control Is Not Crime Control Essay example - Gun Control is not Crime Control Americans are faced with an ever-increasing problem of violence. The streets of America are now a war zone. Teenage gangsters murder one another for drug territory, and innocent victims are caught in the crossfire. However, most recent and most abhorrent, is our children are killing one another. They are killing with extreme prejudice. Our children are killing, exhibiting little or no remorse for lives they have taken. We cannot ignore the carnage our society endures due to the criminal behavior of a minority, obviously lacking the basic moral behavior regarding human life....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms] 945 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]