Podgor, E.. (2007). The Challenge of White Collar Sentencing. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 97(3), 731-759. Retrieved April 19, 2012, from ProQuest Criminal Justice. (Document ID: 1392880651).
Bureau of justice statistics (BJS). Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=31 Winfree, L. T., & Abadinsky, H. (2010). Deterrence and Opportunity Theories. Understanding crime: Essentials of criminological theory (3rd ed. pp.
What makes a criminal a criminal? Can anyone become a criminal? Answering and understanding these questions is the core work of criminologists as most criminologists attempt to make sense of why people do certain things (Garland, Sparks 2000). This essay will consider the notion that any person could become a criminal and in so doing consider the initial question. This essay will outline a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior in relation to criminal behavior given the complexities of behaviour.
“In Merton’s view, A... ... middle of paper ... ...es. Works Cited Paternoster, Raymond and Ronet Bachman. 2001. “Introduction to Anomie/Strain Theories of Crime” in Paternoster and Bachman (Eds.) Explaining Criminals and Crime.
Yolles, M. (2010).Understanding corruption. Journal of Organization Transformation & Social Change .7(2),142-245. Tankebee, J. (2010).The confidence of the public in the police. British Journal of Criminology.2(4),12-34 Buttola, S. (2013).The perception of police corruption in literature.
White-Collar Criminality. American Sociological Review , 1-12. Valentino, S. (2008). White Collar Criminal Defense. Retrieved from Crime USA: http://www.crimeusa.com/White_Collar_Crime.html Young, J., Taylor, I., & Walton, P. (1975).
Print. Antonaccio, Olena, and Charles R. Tittle. "Morality, Self-Control, And Crime." Criminology 46.2 (2008): 479-510. Print.
Criminology has evolved over history into becoming a discipline all its own, along the way it grew and developed from a multiple sources of disciplines to become an integration of various theories. Reasons that seek to explain crime and deviant behaviors has mirrored the time in which research was being conducted and as time continues to change it is to be expected more theories will arise to incorporate past theories to become ever more inclusive. It is important to understand this development from the formulation of theories, the evolution of, the determining factors in testing, particular process such as social learning that are upheld as strong empirically sound theories in order for scholars to continue to advance further studies. But it is unlikely crime will ever be solved completely, for in some instances it is a necessary evil, yet it can be hoped that with the knowledge obtained thus far and that to be discovered crime and deviance might be reduced, prevented and controlled in the future to come. A theory is basically a way to describe the essence of things.
White, Rob and Perrone, Santina. 2010. “Recidivism, Rehabilitation and Restorative Justice.” In Crime, Criminality & Criminal Justice, edited by Bill Gillespie, 546-567. Victoria: Oxford University Press. White, Rob and Perrone, Santina.