When the Civil War ended in 1865, leaders turned to the two important questions of what about the eleven Ex-Confederate States and what need to be done about the four million people living in poverty and slavery, which also known as the Freedmen. Those are the two set of political questions after the end of the Civil War from 1865 to 1877 known as Reconstruction. Not everybody agrees with the answers should be. There were a lot of disagreement of how to answer these two set of questions. They sharply divided into three political major, opinion of how the answer should be. In another word, there were three senses of political players who answer those two questions from their particular stand form. Three senses of player who proposal to answer these question were from the following three: First was the Democrats along with the Ex-Confederate, second was Moderate Republicans, and the third was Racial Republican.
The Democrats (Conservatives) believed in a rapid readmission unconditional, into the Union, for the defeated Southern States. The Conservatives stipulations were sole that the states ratify the 13th Amendment and repudiate Confederate war debt (thus making it null and void). A second more controversial measure to the democrat 's plan for rapid reconstruction was the issuing of pardons to former Confederate officials, landowners, and generals. As a direct result of these pardons, former plantation owners ' land was returned. The goal of the Conservatives during Reconstruction was obviously to return the South to the social, political, and economic structure of the antebellum period. The Democrat and their conservatives buddy were against the equalization of freedmen. They felt that the black slavery should not be put on equa...
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...ed Republican governments – South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida. As a result of the disputed Presidential election of that year and the resulting Compromise of 1877, President Hayes pulled federal troops from these states and allowed the Redeemers to take control. The entire South was now under the sway of conservative, white-supremacist Democrats, and Reconstruction was ended. The real losers in the collapse of Reconstruction were the freedmen.
So, in some ways, Reconstruction was a failure. It was brief, and, as we shall see, many of its accomplishments were eventually stripped away. But it did produce three very important Constitutional Amendments (the 13th, 14th, and 15th), and it gave the freedmen rights they had never had before (the right to marry and own property, for example) as well as a taste of political and legal equality that they would never forget.
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