Who do you think killed Reconstruction? The South or the North? This is a very controversial topic since both the North and the South’s actions impacted the progression of Reconstruction. The Reconstruction Act took place after the Civil War. It was the rebuilding of the United States after what was left of the Civil War. Reconstruction was a time in America consisting of many leaders, goals and accomplishments. Though, like most things in life, it came to an end, the result was both a success and a failure. The South killed Reconstruction. They weren’t interested in equal rights and they showed much violence towards the North and African-Americans.
With the end of the Civil war in 1865, the new nation of the United States now faced challenges on restoring peace within the Union. The North, having won the civil war, now faced the task to implement reconstruction of the South. They came in contact with the questions of: What should happen to the freed slaves, should the freed slaves have rights, what should be done to the Confederate leaders, and how should the South be reconstructed? There were many different ideas and views on how Reconstruction should be handled, but only one succeeded more successfully than the other. Although they bear some superficial similarities, the difference between presidential and congressional reconstruction are clear. The president believed that Confederate
The North and their neglect of the South was responsible for the end of Reconstruction because they ignored it and faced other problems, and they removed troops from the South, which
America has gone through many hardships and struggles since coming together as a nation involving war and changes in the political system. Many highly regarded leaders in America have come bestowing their own ideas and foundation to provide a better life for “Americans”, but no other war or political change is more infamous than the civil war and reconstruction. Reconstruction started in 1865 and ended in 1877 and still to date one of the most debated issues in American history on whether reconstruction was a failure or success as well as a contest over the memory, meaning, and ending of the war. According to, “Major Problems in American History” David W. Blight of Yale University and Steven Hahn of the University of Pennsylvania take different stances on the meaning of reconstruction, and what caused its demise. David W. Blight argues that reconstruction was a conflict between two solely significant, but incompatible objectives that “vied” for attention both reconciliation and emancipation. On the other hand Steven Hahn argues that former slaves and confederates were willing and prepared to fight for what they believed in “reflecting a long tradition of southern violence that had previously undergirded slavery” Hahn also believes that reconstruction ended when the North grew tired of the 16 year freedom conflict. Although many people are unsure, Hahn’s arguments presents a more favorable appeal from support from his argument oppose to Blight. The inevitable end of reconstruction was the North pulling federal troops from the south allowing white rule to reign again and proving time travel exist as freed Africans in the south again had their civil, political, and economical position oppressed.
To begin with, the worldwide depression in 1873 destroyed the South’s already fragile economy. This led to their public credit to collapse, their debts to mount and their economic growth to completely stop growing. This also would lead to the collapse of the Republican party. As we can see, the Union failed to successfully integrate and remake the South and its economy. Furthermore, the Reconstruction failed to adequately integrate freedmen into society. Even though the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were passed, supposedly giving freedmen some more rights, the emergence of groups such as the Ku Klux Klan limited the civil liberties of the freedmen and also committed several atrocities against them. Moreover, freedmen were usually in terrible economic situations and they were forced in sharecropping because they did want to be wageworkers which might have been similar to slavery. However, sharecropping would lead them into an endless circle of debt which would put them in position similar to when they were slaves. Therefore a majority of the freedmen were in poverty and massive amounts of racism still existed in society. Overall, we can see that Reconstruction was a not a complete failure because of the passing of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments which still remain in our Constitution
Reconstruction was supposed to be a happy, healing time for our country. The intention of this era was to rebuild the South and bring both North and South back together again. However, as if the United States had not seen enough fighting during the Civil War, Reconstruction involved even more chaos. This time promised a new life for African Americans in the south. The newly freed blacks anticipated many opportunities that they had never before dreamed of , “[yet] that promising dawn did not usher in a bright new day of educational, social, and political possibilities” (Butchart, 2010, pp. 153-154). Instead, whites proved that they were incapable of coinciding with African Americans on all three previously mentioned levels. As of result of this
His historical accounts brought forth throughout the book emphasized certain key actors hindering the First Reconstruction’s success; the assignation of Abraham Lincoln, the split among the Republicans, and negative court rulings against federal protection of the 15th amendment as well as the 1877 Compromise were the major events leading to the ultimate failure of the First Reconstruction. With the North politically unfocused and unable to create a plan to efficiently and effectively rekindle the relationship between themselves and the South, reflected the nature of the Reconstruction. Although, there was a short period of time where newly freed slaves were brought into the political arena, the rise of white supremacy groups and racism created an opportunity for Democrats to creep back into the political realm, failing to successfully integrate African American’s into society as
“Why did the North win the Civil War?” is only half of a question by itself, for the other half is “Why did the South lose the Civil War?” To this day historians have tried to put their finger on the exact reason for the South losing the war. Some historians blame the head of the confederacy Jefferson Davis; however others believe that it was the shear numbers of the Union (North). The advantages and disadvantages are abundant on either sides of the argument, but the most dominate arguments on why the South lost the war would be the fact that state’s rights prevented unification of the South, Jefferson Davis' poor leadership and his failure to work together with his generals, the South failed to gain the recognition of the European nations, North's superior resources made the outcome inevitable, and moral of the South towards the end of the war.
... and slavery left millions of newly freed African Americans in the South without an education, a home, or a job. Before reconstruction was put in place, African Americans in the South were left roaming helplessly and hopelessly. During the reconstruction period, the African Americans’ situation did not get much better. Although helped by the government, African Americans were faced with a new problem. African Americans in the South were now being terrorized and violently discriminated by nativist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. Such groups formed in backlash to Reconstruction and canceled out all the positive factors of Reconstruction. At last, after the Compromise of 1877, the military was taken out of the South and all of the Reconstruction’s efforts were basically for nothing. African Americans in the South were back to the conditions they started with.
...sisted Reconstruction. The South used the KKK to attack the blacks that voted and participated in politics, and the KKK attacked many whites that were publically against Democrats and that supported the harsher Reconstruction plans put out by Congress. The end of Reconstruction was inevitable after the efforts of the South to resist Reconstruction because it led to the Republican’s giving up on their plans. The opposition of the south caused the Republicans to tire and this was another factor of Reconstruction’s end. Johnson also had many disagreements with Congress when they were trying to plan Reconstruction, which distracted both Johnson and Congress from actually finishing Reconstruction. This caused it to end before they could finish any of their plans. Because of all these factors, the Republicans eventually lost their will to complete Reconstruction.