China's Railway Essay examples

China's Railway Essay examples

Length: 1758 words (5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 1894, the Qing government was defeated in the Sino-Japanese War; the Boxer Rebellion in China seized the railway interests. More than ten thousand kilometres to be swallowed up in China and carved up the right of way to form the imperialist plunder of China's first climax. Subsequently, in accordance with their needs, they were designed and built a number of railways; however it was in different standards, equipment clutter, resulting in confusion and China Railway backwardness.
The development of China's railway construction was started from 1876, which named ‘Songhu Railway’ since 1981, and it was 105 years ago, building a 50,181 km railway. Before the People’s Republic of China was been built up, the annual average of railway construction is only more than 300 kilometres. During the Qing Dynasty Songhu Railway which was been built by British merchants in Shanghai is considered to be the China's first railway on the land. Before that, the British businessmen in Xuanwumen(Peking), built a 500 meters a small railway, only for the people to treated.
In the Qing Dynasty (1876 ~ 1911), the construction of railway was about 9400 km. Imperialism, which directly accounts for about 41% of the construction business; imperialist control through loans, about 39%; state-owned railways, including China's Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway was built as self-reliance, the business head office was redemption of the Beijing-Hankou Railway; and Guangzhou third rail only accounted for about 20%.
From 1881 to 1911 the railway built in the Tang Xu, which collapsed the Qing government for 30 years, is the first phase of the railway. At this stage, the Qing government as the continuous Westernization and domestic proposals to promote people with lofty...

... middle of paper ...

...y two. First goal is to reclaim those foreign concessions whose agreements had already been signed or drafted before this period. Secondly, the goal is to construct a Chinese railway system through investments in China. (LEE)

Works Cited

C.H.Paul, 1931. Railway Politics and the Open Door in China, 1916-1917[Online], 25(4). Available at: [Accessed 26 November 2010]

D. Mclean, 1973.Chinese Railways and the Townley Agreement of 1903[Online], 7(2). Available at: < URL: http://www.jstor/org/stable/311772 > [Accessed 14 November 2010]

L.Enhan, 1977. China’s quest for railway autonomy 1904-1911. 1st Ed. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China, Available at: [Accessed 28 November 2010]

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Exploring the Qinghai-Tibet Railway Essay

- Running along the highly elevated Tibetan Plateau, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway is the one of the major transportation system connecting Tibet to the rest of China, and the highest railway in the world. Nonetheless, what is behind the greatness of this railway is the intelligence of engineers in overcoming the harsh environmental challenge on the plateau. In this essay, the construction progress of this engineering wonder and its contribution to the society is explored. Being one of the major project in the Great West Development Scheme, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway runs between Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, and Xining, just next to the Tibetan Plateau in the Qinghai province....   [tags: engineering wonders of the modern world]

Powerful Essays
728 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on The 2010s - A lost, instead of blossoming decade for China?

- The financial crisis in 2008, having resulted from a tremendous bubble in the real estate market as well as highly leveraged banks and governments, has now become a debt crisis and is still an important in political discussions worldwide. Numerous employees have lost their jobs, many companies went bankrupt; nevertheless, there seemed to be one country that stroke off all difficulties and continued growing at an outstanding rate. In 2009 China’s GDP grew by 9% (, while all other economies faced severe recessions....   [tags: China]

Powerful Essays
1067 words (3 pages)

Essay Hullabaloo within the Media of China and Tibet

- Hullabaloo within the Media of China and Tibet Since the 19th century, relations between the Chinese government and the people of Tibet have continually been on the decline. While there are many issues which lie at the heart of this conflict, recent events have drawn more focus to the economic relationship between the two. In February 2001, China passed legislation giving the needed approval to begin construction on the controversial Qinghai-Tibet railway. Stretching from mainland China to Lhasa, the capital of the Tibetan Autonomous region, completion of 'the world's tallest railway' would join together two regions previously only connected by air and treacherous roads (WTNN par1-2, 7)....   [tags: Government China Tibet Essays]

Free Essays
1701 words (4.9 pages)

Harbin: The Capital of Heilogjang Province in Horthestern China Essay

- Harbin Harbin is the capital and biggest city of Heilongjiang province in Northeastern China. Historically, it has played a major role in the trade between China and neighboring Russia. The city’s strategic location and abundant resources has made it the administrative, economic, industrial, cultural, educational and transportation center of Northeastern China. Covering an area of 53,796 square kilometres, Harbin lies along the Songhua River near the edge of the Songnen Plain in the southern part of Heilongjiang province....   [tags: Heilongjian, China, economy, government]

Powerful Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Colonization in China

- From history, it can be known that China is a country which has been colonized by several nations such as Britain and Germany. Though there was a time with weakness and invasion of other countries, China recently became one of the countries that have the speediest development in the world. To achieve this is not an easy thing but how could China accomplish it. Except a great deal of effort made by Chinese people, this unbelievable rate of improvement in China may also have an indispensable relation with the colonization of some other countries....   [tags: International Government ]

Powerful Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

China and Infrastructure Projects Essay

- Infrastructure projects are crucial to China’s overall goal of getting access to Africa’s natural resources to power its economic engine. During the struggle against colonialism and the immediate period of the age of African independence in the 1960s and 1970s, China sought to back up its ideological support of African states with a measure of economic aid, focused on the building of infrastructure for the newly independence states. It is estimated that China provided more than 900 infrastructure projects to African states, including the railway between Tanzania and Zambia (TAZARA Railway) as the center piece of such demonstration projects (Ministry of Foreign Affairs – China pursues…, 2006...   [tags: africa, colonialism, oppressed people]

Powerful Essays
748 words (2.1 pages)

The pre-Deng China Essay

- At the geopolitical level, China saw Africa in the immediate post-colonial period as a continent that offered it the geographical reach in developing its claim as the global champion of the Third World. China portrayed itself, especially in the pre-Deng Xiaoping period, as engaged in a struggle against hegemonies’, and sought to develop stronger political ties with newly independent African countries to enhance its global reach and influence. China’s Africa policy touched on enhancing ties between Africa and Asia (Afro-Asian relations), as well as China seeing itself as the world’s largest country reaching out to a continent with the largest number of developing countries....   [tags: third world, foreign market, UN]

Powerful Essays
786 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about The Decentralization of Hong Kong as a Traffic Solution

- Another suggested solution would be the decentralization of Hong Kong, in the sense of adding a new Central Business District outside of the current one. This would shift the concentrated movement towards the current CBD to another location, alleviating both above and underground congestions. Ideally, this would cut the traffic by almost a half in the current CBD, as it would be divided into two separate areas. The solution also has other advantages, such as creating new jobs in the newly developed CBD, and providing more monetary revenue for the economy of Hong Kong....   [tags: congestion, railway, prices]

Powerful Essays
969 words (2.8 pages)

The Promising Future of China's Economy Essay

- The Promising Future of China's Economy If China's economy grows as fast for the next 20 years as it has for the past 14, it will be the biggest economy on earth: I feel that China's drastic improvements over the last 14 years are overwhelming, with their Real GNP growing at a rate of 9% a year, which means by, 1994, China's economy will match the performance of countries like Japan and Taiwan. China's standard of living has also increased, and the number of people who were considered absolutely poor decreased approximately 63%....   [tags: Economy]

Powerful Essays
969 words (2.8 pages)

Journalism - From China with Love Essay

- Journalism – From China with Love The purpose behind this personal statement is to not only gain admission to your well-established and highly respected Masters program, but to impress upon you my passion for learning and my tremendous desire to succeed in the field of journalism. I have based my decision to pursue an academic career not on purely practical reasons, but rather on my own natural interests and aptitude. My personal philosophy is that the biggest loss that a person can suffer is the loss of one's enthusiasm....   [tags: Graduate Admissions Essays]

Powerful Essays
1210 words (3.5 pages)