Mao did a lot of good things for China, but the overall impact was in great amount that the good part couldn't cover up the bad parts in its revolution. One of the major impacts was his bad start of “The Great Leap Forward,” then to “The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” had to make up the losses. Many historians see this revolution was a failure, even though he did accomplish some of its goals. When Mao had power in the hands, he had to deal with numbers of interventions, from beginning to end. He faced criticisms when his first idea failed.
The Political Turmoil of China From 1911 to 1927 There were many reasons why China slipped into political instability or turmoil between 1911 and 19287. There reasons include the questionable leadership of Yuan Shih Kai, the presence of the warlords, the One of the reasons was that questionable leadership of Yuan Shih Kai. When Yuan took over control from Sun Yat Sen as the President, he tried to revert to the monarchical system of rule. From 1912 until 1915, he ruled as a military dictator with the support of the army. His rule was already blemished with resistance and that demonstrated that the people did not quite accept him as the leader of China.
Strong nationalism and anti-foreignism acted as hindrance to reform effort. Yet, it could be witnessed that the force of change began to surpass the force of continuity and gained significance in Late Qing period. This was a result of foreign pressure that awaked the Chinese. Nevertheless, this awakening was too late to save China. The revolutionary movement became so intense that finally in 1911 the Qing dynasty was overthrown.
The collapse of Qing Government help to catalyze the growth of anti-government idea and makes democratic ideas more appealing to people. In the early 20th centuries the Qing government was extremely weak ; externally, China was suffering from repeated humiliating defeats such as the Sino-Japanese War and the Eight Power Expedition. Internally, floods and droughts constantly hit China. People suffered badly. However, relief from the government was far from adequate and tax reduction was lacking.
Although it has been argued that Deng was leading a totalitarian regime, historians tend to overlook the idea that the Chinese have different ideologies and morals than people in the west. Chinese intellectuals who looked to the west as a model for democracy absorbed themselves into the western culture, and believed that everything that China stood for was ‘backward.’ This view of the Chinese society forced the people to hold resentments against Deng, which led to Democratic uprisings and movements. Deng simply wanted to create a better economy for the Chinese people to live in according to Chinese values, but the society did not see it this way as an inflow of western attitudes and beliefs had been embedded into their minds. Deng knew that China’s problems were coming from within the political system, and he attempted to solve these problems, but when he realized that these problems could not be solved, he resorted to more of an authoritarian rather than a democratic regime. After 1978, China’s society faced a whole new relationship with the state.
This paper will elaborate on these three aspects of China’s history and relate them with the early history of Confucianism to explain the failures it faced before becoming widely accepted. The first aspect that led up to Confucianism’s initial failure is the conflict present between China’s ancient philosophies and Confucianism. While Confucianism revolved around humanism and the qualities of a good government, Schwartz (1985) stat... ... middle of paper ... ... Bibliography Berling, Judith. “Confucianism.” Focus on Asian Studies 2.1 (1982): 5-7. Web.
In the book, Why Nations Fail, Acemoglu and James (20) assert that China’s leaders are “extractive” characterized by corruption and parasitism. They proceed to predict a decline in Chinese economic growth. This is unlike the US “inclusive” policies and governing institutions that have helped strengthen nations across the world while promoting peace and international cooperation. The main concern is the one-party rule in China, which they as... ... middle of paper ... ... and ideologies. Its governing system is worrying and the trend that the nation is undertaking seems to be headed for disaster as opposed to safety (Kenny).
Due to this hesitancy, the Chinese public perceived them as weaker. The KMT army was, in fact, weaker. Eventually the aggressive military tactics of Mao Zedong crushed the KMT. Finally, the ideological differences on mass mobilizations between the CCP and KMT played a huge role in the CCP’s success. The CCP’s communist ideology led to mass mobilization being a crucial element to their revolutionary plans.
The Opium War not only embarrassed China, but as a consequence, it also had a lot of dramatic social and economic effects as well. China’s view of the Western world along with the relationship changed drastically. Due to the war, there were a lot of internal battles and struggles as well as economic downfall especially in Canton where a lot of trading was focused on prior to the war. This left a lot of people in China without jobs, which resulted in China completely losing all power and control that it had to the Western nations. This allowed these nations to gain power over them, which was not foreseen prior to the war.
The rapid capitalistic expansion happening in China is always hindered by the politicians with distortions of bureaucracy. The demands of the economy are in conflict with the demands of politics, this political interference is the result of one of Mao's famous slogans: "Put politics in command!" The use of this policy in Hong Kong would not be well received. Thus Hong Kong's prospering industry would feel uncertain about the Communist rule, and what form it would take in the future. Since the beginning of this century there has been a constant power struggle in China.