The most significant theory in cognitive development field is from Jean Piaget. Piaget was born in Switzerland and he was a biologist, philosopher, and behavioral scientist. He proposed children around the world proceeding through a series of four stages in a fixed order, which are the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete and formal operational. His theories are not only acquired the quantity of information at each stage but also focus in the quality of knowledge and understanding as well.
The sensorimotor stage is the first stage of Piaget’s theory to define cognitive development. This stage starts from birth to approximately age of two. During this period, infants are busy discovering relationships between their bodies and the environment. However, the infant’s knowledge of the world is limited to their sensory perceptions and motor activities. They understand the world primarily on touching, sucking, chewing and manipulating objects. Some symbolic abilities such as language and image using are developed at the end of this stage. A...
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... only gives me a chance to learn better also gives me a chance to build up a good relationship with my teachers and peers in order to support each other.
In conclusion, cognitive development is one of the most important theories for children growing. Children learned through mental processes and sensory perceptions. The theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky have the most influence on cognitive development about how young children learn. They approached the ideas have different perspectives and emphasized different aspects of children 's cognitive development. Piaget focused on the child acts upon objects in the environment in order to build mental models of the way the world works. On the other hand, Vygotsky focused more closely at the way children acquire knowledge through interaction with more experienced people, and at the role language plays in the process.
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