A literary, artistic, and philosophical movement originating in the 18th century, characterized chiefly by a reaction against neoclassicism and an emphasis on the imagination and emotions, and marked especially in English literature by sensibility and the use of autobiographical material, an exaltation of the primitive and the common man, an appreciation of external nature, an interest in the remote, a predilection for melancholy, and the use in poetry of older verse forms.
During the time period that Ambrose Bierce and William Dean Howells lived, war was a part of life. Both the US Civil War and the Spanish –American War were realities they had to deal with and as realists they set out to highlight the truths of warfare. Their disillusionment with the romanticism’s approach about war in literature was expressed in their popular works, “Chickamauga” and “Editha”. Both authors use the “strong” points of romanticism against itself, the usage of symbolism, along with the role of gender are replete throughout the two short stories.
In his book The Ethics of Moral Resistance: Ambrose Bierce and General William B. Haze; author Peter J. Marrone, states “[…] Bierce’s primary intention in compos...
... middle of paper ...
...course And Chickamauga."
Explicator 67.3 (2009): 227. MasterFILE Complete. Web. 9 Mar. 2014.
Harris, Susan K. "Vicious Binaries: Gender And Authorial Paranoia In Dreiser's `Second
Choice,' Howells' `Editha,'.." College Literature 20.2 (1993): 70. Academic Search
Complete. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.
Johnston, Christopher F. "'A Man, So Very Nearly Perfect': William Dean Howells'
'Editha', The Spanish American War, And American Masculinity In The Late Nineteenth Century." Journal Of War & Culture Studies 5.3 (2012): 249. Supplemental Index. Web. 9 Mar. 2014.
Morrone, Peter J. "The Ethics Of Moral Resistance: Ambrose Bierce And General William
B. Hazen." Midwest Quarterly 54.4 (2013): 399-413. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Mar. 2014.
"Romanticism." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- William Dean Howells' opinion of romanticism is his novel "Editha" by having the character of Editha symbolize his views on romanticism. When George announces that there is war, Editha surprises her lover and audience by saying "how glorious." She romanticizes the war by calling "any war glorious that is for the liberation of the people who have been struggling for years against the cruelest oppression." It's hard to figure out if Editha truly loves George, or if she is overtaken by the thought of having someone heroic to love.... [tags: American Literature]
329 words (0.9 pages)
- Ambrose Bierce's Chickamauga Ambrose Bierce’s short story, "Chickamauga," scrutinizes American values, specifically, America’s identifying with the natural world. Bierce is critical of the American association with divine destiny, which has manifested itself throughout history in the form of John Winthrop’s “City upon a hill” speech, the notion of the “white man’s burden,” and Manifest Destiny. American history, in the scope of the short story, is one of perceived “rightly” subjugation of others.... [tags: Ambrose Bierce Chickamauga Essays]
1190 words (3.4 pages)
- For many, saying or hearing the word romanticism evokes numerous stereotypical and prejudged definitions and emotions. The biggest reason this probably happens is because of how closely romanticism sounds like romance. The similarity of the sounds and spelling of the two words can lead to some thinking that the two words mean the same thing or are closely related. Although romanticism and romance do share some similarities in their spelling and pronunciation they couldn’t be more different. In the Merriam Webster Dictionary romance is defined as, “a love story”.... [tags: Romanticism Essays]
2663 words (7.6 pages)
- What are you going to do if your girlfriend asks you to give up your life for your country. The first thing I will do is pick up my cell phone to call my family doctor to schedule an appointment to check my ears and make sure they are working well, or I can put on a strong emotional face to ask her, "Are you serious?" Most people would not want to see the person they love go off to a place where they could possibly die. In William Dean Howells' short story, "Editha", however, the main character is an unusual woman, Editha, who has her own perfect ideals and pushes them on her lover, George, to ask him to fight in the Spanish-American War.... [tags: American Literature]
603 words (1.7 pages)
- Romanticism Romanticism began in the mid-18th century and reached its height in the 19th century. It was limited to Europe and America although different compatriots donated to its birth and popularity. Romanticism as a movement declined in the late 19th century and early 20th century with the growing dominance of Realism in the arts and the rapid advancement of science and technology. However, Romanticism was very impressionative on most individuals during its time. This was because it was expressed in three main aspects of life: literature, art, and music.... [tags: Romanticism Essays]
507 words (1.4 pages)
- Romanticism Romanticism is a movement in the arts that flourished in Europe and America throughout much of the 19th century from the period of the French revolution in 1789. Romantic artists’ glorified nature, idealized the past, and celebrated the divinity of creation. There is a fundamental emphasis on freedom of self expression, sincerity, spontaneity and originality. The movement rebelled against classicism, and artists turned to sources of inspiration for subject matter and artistic style.... [tags: Romanticism Essays]
1506 words (4.3 pages)
- Romanticism “ Bells bells bells bells bells bells bells” this quote from Edgar Allen Poes’ The Bells, is one poem that had great influence on early 19th century literature. During the early 1800’s , writers Poe, Irving, and Cooper display characteristics of Romantic writers. Cooper diplays characters with honest expression to their feelings. This appeal to emotion rather then reason is one characteristic of Romanticism. “Deerslayer raised the Indian in his arms, and carried him to the lake…..and took the head of his wounded adversary in his own lap, and endeavored to sooth his anguish in the best manner he could”.... [tags: Romanticism Essays]
596 words (1.7 pages)
- Romanticism When we think of romance or romantic we often associate the term with love. People talk about how they want their significant others to be more ‘romantic’. But what does the term ‘romantic’ really mean. Does it mean giving flowers, spending an evening alone by candlelight, bringing home extravagant gifts, or reciting beautiful poetry. Within today’s society it can mean any one of those things and many more. But in the late eighteenth, early nineteenth century (1780-1830)Romance was considered something different altogether.... [tags: Romanticism Essays]
669 words (1.9 pages)
- "EDITHA" This story is about a woman named Editha. Editha was engaged to George and told him it was his duty to his country to sign up and go serve in the war. Editha wanted a hero for a husband and she secretly wanted him to go to war so that she would have that hero. After an argument with him she finally convinces him to go. George dies in the war and his mother blames Editha for his death. Editha is in denial and accepts no responsibility for the death of George or the reasons that he chose to go to war in the first place.... [tags: essays research papers]
1285 words (3.7 pages)
- Editha In the beginning Editha is war hungry. She wants her country to go to war, and she wants George to go and fight. Even though the author doesnâ€™t give the age of Editha, I believe she acts very childish, and immature. I understand loving your country and wanting to fight for it, but one must also realize the danger that comes along with it. She is obsessed with her country and fighting for it. She puts an ultimatum on George. He is unsure of the war, and unsure of fighting in it, but she constantly pushes him to go.... [tags: essays research papers]
610 words (1.7 pages)