Music in the Age of Romanticism In the 19th century the world experienced many dramatic changes related to politics, economics and culture. Music would never be the same after this period. During these years musicians, influenced by the Romantic movement in literature, neglected the formalism and aims of Classicism (Bohle p1861), and developed Musical Romanticism as a way to express their feelings free of traditional musical structures. The term "Romanticism represents the period of the apparent domination of the instinct over reason, of imagination over form, heart over head" (Sadie p141). The Romantic movement was foreshadowed by Bach, but Beethoven was the one who brought it into being in early 19th century (Bohle p 1862).
The culture, the composers, and the music of the Romantic era changed classical music profoundly. The Romantic era classical music manifested itself as a time of the irrational and peculiar, a time that allowed many people the opportunity to express their inmost convictions through the music. The culture of the Romantic Period marks an era shrouded in astonishing and rapid change, socially and economically. In Europe, between the years 1825 and 1900, enormous technological developments occurred. With the Industrial Revolution full force, the inventions of railroads and steamboats satisfied an insatiable desire for speedy travel and transportation of goods.
Not only was there a revolution in Romanticism but there was also a comparable revolution in music. The revolution of romantic music lasted from about 1820 to 1900. Germany largely invested in Musical Romanticism. One respected French reference work defines it entirely in terms of “The role of music in the aesthetics of German romanticism”. Romantic music describes an era of Western classical music.
One composer that stood out during this period was Johannes Brahms, a traditionalist who wanted to honor German musical customs while creating innovative romantic symphonies. Brahms continued the eighteenth century classical traditions of Beethoven in the four symphonies he composed in the nineteenth century by making them classical in structure but romantic in tone. Composed in 1883, Brahms' Third symphony in F major, stands out as one of his significant pieces, composed at a time when he was growing into musical maturity. The first movement of this piece had a special place within 19th century symphonic tradition. it opens with an uplifting theme, which recurs all the way up to the coda with careful restraint that is characteristic of Brahms' classical approach within romantic contexts.
Mozart also added to the symphony by contrasting memorable lyric themes in full sounding orchestral settings. “The elements in the formation of the early classical style are in short, periodic, articulated phrase. Articulated, periodic phrasing brought about two fundamental alterations in the nature of the eighteenth-century music: one was a heightened, sensitivity to symmetry, and the second was a rhythmic texture of great variety, with the different rhythms not contrasted or super-imposed, but passing logically and easily into each other” (Rosen 58). The classical characteristics didn’t appear one by one, but at different times during this important period in history. The classical era, with the progress of the classical music, at times was, irregular.
Romanticism Romanticism is a movement in the arts that flourished in Europe and America throughout much of the 19th century from the period of the French revolution in 1789. Romantic artists’ glorified nature, idealized the past, and celebrated the divinity of creation. There is a fundamental emphasis on freedom of self expression, sincerity, spontaneity and originality. The movement rebelled against classicism, and artists turned to sources of inspiration for subject matter and artistic style. Their treatment of subject was emotional rather than reasonable, intuitive rather than analytical.
Romantic period - from 1830 to WWI Music begins to break out of the classical stiffness, and becomes more emotional and expressive. Rules get broken and new ideas are developed. Composers include Schumann, Tchaikovsky, Brahms, and Wagner. The Romantic Movement in music coincides with the Romantic Movement in all arts. At this period, music gets big influence from the arts of literature and painting, and acquired poetic and philosophical meaning.
Romantic Virtuosity As the many socio-political revolutions of the late eighteenth-century established new social orders and new ways of life and thought; composers of the time period broke new musical ground by adding a new emotional depth to the prevailing classical forms. This period is known as the Romantic period. It accured approximately from 1820 to 1920. Artists became intent in expressing their subjective, personal emotions. "Romanticism" derives its name from the romances of medieval times -- long poems telling stories of heroes and chivalry, of distant lands and far away places, and often of unattainable love.
The Romantic era was a literary, artistic, abstract, and musical movement that originated in Europe towards the end of the 17th century and reached its peak from 1800 to 1850. Its principal elements were individualism and emotion. Romanticism observed a constant release of the rules of artistic expression, whether it be about the literary
Romanticism Roughly from 1815 to 1910, this period of time is called the romantic period. At this period, all arts are transforming from classic arts by having greater emphasis on the qualities of remoteness and strangeness in essence. The influence of romanticism in music particularly, has shown that romantic composers value the freedom of expression, movement, passion, and endless pursuit of the unattainable fantasy and imagination. The composers of the romantic period are in search of new subject matters, more emotional and are more expressive of their feelings as they are not bounded by structural rules in classical music where order, equilibrium, control and perfection are deemed important (Dorak, 2000). The characteristics of romantic music are influenced by the Romantic Movement, where the arts of literature and painting play a great role in influencing romantic music.