Causes Of The American War Of Independence

Causes Of The American War Of Independence

Length: 1269 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The American Revolution is usually seen as being the same thing as the American War for Independence, starting in 1775 with the battle of Lexington and ending in 1783 with the treaty of Paris. This popular misconception has lead to the most important has lead to the real revolution being forgotten, the change in the way countries are governed and the ideas that lead to it.

With the end of the French and Indian wars, the first worldwide war, the British found themselves with a huge national debt. The only reason they won the war was that their treasury lasted longer than the French treasury. As part of the agreement for peace, the French offered to give all their holdings in America to the British. These new acquisitions were a problem for the British parliament because now they needed to stop settlers from the British colonies going into the new land in fear that the Indians would attack them. Therefore, to defend the colonists from Indians (and vice versa) the British parliament decided that the colonists should pay a small tax (compared to was paid
in England) to pay a less than half of the money needed for the army that would be permanently stationed in the Americas, so parliament introduced the Sugar Act.

The Sugar Act was something that actually reduced the tax on molasses eliminating the incentive to smuggle thereby increasing the amount of people willing to pay duty. This reduction, although a good idea, did not make much money. So, the British parliament brought in the Stamp Act. The parliament assumed that because the British people had been living with the tax for about 70 years and there had been no revolts in Britain that the Colonists would accept it. Unfortunately, they were wrong.

The Colonists were angry about the new tax because it covered so many things and they did not get any representation in the matter. The Americans saw the new tax as a way to enslave them, to deprive them of the very reason that may came to the Colonies freedom. The Americans started to think that they were the last bastion of English rights because the British had "obviously" lost theirs. So the Americans began to complain about the taxes to King George III and may secret organisations such as the Sons of Liberty, the Americans even boycotted British goods.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Causes Of The American War Of Independence." 08 Dec 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Revolutionary Debate: Causes of the American Revolution Essay

- Let us travel back before the Revolutionary War, to the start of the French and Indian War. This is the only way to understand the future of the American Colonies, and ultimately the causes of the American Revolution. After the war, Britain had emerged as the world’s leading power, however, Britain’s national debt tripled. In order to relieve the heavy burden, the British decided to tax the American Colonies. This taxation caused massive rebellion by the Americans, and ultimately warfare. Professor Breen, a historian well familiar with the revolution, claims that the American colonists were motived by a new form of protest called boycotting....   [tags: war of independence, American colonies]

Research Papers
1156 words (3.3 pages)

Causes of the American Revolution Essay

- The American Revolution was a dramatic change in the political, social, and economic system of New England. It was not a bloody revolution; on the contrary it is unique because it was not as violence as other revolutions we know (French, Russia and China). The American Revolution had many causes. Long-term social, economic, and political changes in the colonies before 1750 provided the basis for an independent nation with representative political institutions. More immediately, the French and Indian War (1754-1763) changed the relationship between the colonies and the Mother land....   [tags: American War for Independence]

Research Papers
551 words (1.6 pages)

Essay on The Causes of American Revolution

- The colonists in America had enjoyed relative freedom from England since they arrived. They came to the New World, after all to escape England, for whatever reasons they may have had-religious, economic, or social. So when England decided in the eighteenth century that they were going to crack down on the colonies, the announcement was not met with open arms. In fact, rebellion was inevitable. Parliament tried to establish power in the New World by issuing a series of laws. The passage of these laws undermined the Colonist’s loyalty to Britain and stirred the Americans to fight for their freedom....   [tags: American War for Independence]

Research Papers
1317 words (3.8 pages)

Causes of the Declaration of War Against the British Essay

- When we fought for our independence the first time with Britain, it was because we did not like the way the British was using us and treating us poorly in comparison with their own homeland. Britain tried to keep us underneath their arms; to hold us closely and extort our land and take advantage of our people, but with the revolution, we kept them out. We made a peace treaty with Britain, but apparently Britain thought they could still control us; Britain thought that they could keep ‘tabs’ on us and prevent us from doing any trading with France while they were in all-out war with them....   [tags: independence, american revolution, napoleon]

Research Papers
1150 words (3.3 pages)

The Declaration Of Independence Essay

- Artistry of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson, born in 1743, was one of the credible founding fathers of the United States. The United States was founded on July 4, 1776. He served as a minister to France, Secretary of State in President George Washington’s cabinet, vice president, and president of the United States for two terms (Kirszner 679). Jefferson’s argument is when a government or ruler goes against the wishes of the people; they can upraise and create a new government. Jefferson outlines all the mental and physical abuses King George III has imposed on the people of the colonies....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Research Papers
1035 words (3 pages)

Essay on Mexican American War

- Causes After the Texas independence war, Mexico doesn’t recognize Texas’s independence because their president, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, was captured during the Texas independence war. Although we didn’t get to annex Texas because it would be a slave state and an unbalanced between free and slave states. Texas finally got annexed in 1845 which was one of the causes that started the Mexican American War. The other cause is that President James Polk wanted California, so he offered Mexico $30,000,000 dollars for New Mexico, California and to have the border of Texas at the Rio Grande....   [tags: Texas Independence War, American History]

Research Papers
1509 words (4.3 pages)

The American civil war: causes and conflicts Essay

- The American Civil War, which began in 1861 to 1865, has gone down in history as the one of the most significant events to have ever occurred in the United States of America, thus far. At that time, questions had arose wondering how the United States ever got so close to hitting rock bottom, especially being that it was a conflict within the country itself. Hostility steadily grew through the years dividing the nation further and further, and finally leading to the twelfth day in April 1861 in Fort Sumter, North Carolina....   [tags: American History, The South, Confederacy]

Research Papers
1606 words (4.6 pages)

The Declaration Of Independence Of The United States Essay

- We Are Created Equal Declaration of Independence of the United States is a political document of the thirteen colonies declaring independence and free of King’s tyranny. Human rights and liberties of American citizens were officially announced to the public for the first time. The sovereignty principle of the Continental Congress was a challenge to the British colonization in North America as well as it affected to other tyrannical monarchies that dominated throughout the European continent. The document was drafted by Thomas Jefferson, Congress edited to produce the final version....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Research Papers
1229 words (3.5 pages)

The Declaration Of Independence By Thomas Jefferson Essay example

- Never undervalue the power of words. Nations have been inspired to do extraordinary things through the influence of words. War and peace meetings with enemies and alliances have made decisions that affected many. In the course of the history of our nation, multiple letters and speeches have brought to pass high levels of anger and harmony of its people. Two prime examples of such documents are The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson as a letter to the king of Great Britain, and the Gettysburg Address, written by Abraham Lincoln as a dedicatory speech in an effort to unite the United States of America....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Research Papers
1397 words (4 pages)

The Spanish-American War Essay

- The Spanish-American War During the last years of the nineteenth century, the United States would find itself involved in what John Jay, the American secretary of state, later referred to as a "splendid little war; begun with highest motives, carried on with magnificent intelligence and spirit, favored by that fortune which loves the brave." From an American standpoint, because there were few negative results, and so many significantly positive consequences, John Jay was correct in calling the Spanish-American War a "splendid little war." The defeat of the Spanish forces marked the end of their rule in the Americas and also marked the rise of the United States as a global military power....   [tags: American America History]

Free Essays
1250 words (3.6 pages)

When the British repealed the act the Americans had thought that they made a difference but the real reason the British parliament changed their decision was that the exports to the American Colonies had fallen by $3 million reducing the amount of tax they could get off their merchants at home. This ended the boycott on Britain, but at the same time did something monumentally stupid the released the Declaratory Act which in the end made the Americans angrier.

When the Townshend acts were introduced the following year, the Declaratory Act had sunk into the American's minds and they realised the implications. British thought that because it was an external tax that the Americans would not mind, but now the Americans were distrustful of parliament there was a quick boycott of British goods. Because of this boycott the officials were under threat in Boston so the parliament sent two regiments of soldiers to protect them.

This only made the problem worse because the Americans resented this so they attacked the soldiers who defended themselves by shooting at the crowds. This Minor incident where only 6 were killed but a man named Samuel Adams managed to turn into propaganda for a resistance group that ended up causing much more dire effects.

Because of the boycott on English tea, the East India Trading Company had mountains of tea piling up in warehouses that needed to be sold otherwise the company would go bust and there would be no English tea at all. So the tax on other goods was removed and they left a reduced tax on tea thereby undercutting the smugglers prices. The tea smugglers realised this so they said that if they were forced out of business the Co. would have a monopoly and the parliament would put up the tax again. As insignificant as this seems tea some how became a symbol of tyranny.

Samuel Adams organise the Boson Tea Party in which 342 chests of tea were thrown in the water as a way of saying they would not accept British tyranny. The point had been reached where you had to choose between Britain and Independence. The British had reached the breaking point with their patience so they set in place some acts to establish British Authority.

These acts were called the Intolerable Acts by the Americans and they included
• The closing of Boston until the colonists paid
for the tea.
• The Administration of Justice Act allowed British officials accused of murder while enforcing British law to be trialled in England.
• The Massachusetts Government act took away the right of the Massachusetts Assembly to appoint the council that advised the governor.
• The Quartering Act required the colonists to provide housing for British troops.
• The Quebec Act, which was an attempt to organise the area taken from France, seemed to the colonists to be an unjustified attack on colonial freedom.

The British thought this would bring the Americans under control but it did not. Instead, it only made them angrier and all the colonies joined together as one to fight against the British.

There were a few important people in the war like Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and most famously George Washington. Washington was the military commandeer of the Continental Army

A few important dates were:
- Declaration of Independence, 4th July 1776
The declaration of independence is exactly what the name suggests.
- French Alliance to the Americans, 6th February
This is the point the French enter the war and help the Americans fight off the brittish.
- Treaty of Paris, 3rd September 1783
Is when a document called the Treaty of Paris was signed which was when the United
States officially became a country.
I will not be going into the battles in detail because they unimportant.

The effect that the American Revolution had upon the world was momentous. It changed Western Civilisation forever by spreading the ideas freedom and liberty. It was in fact one of the main causes of the French revolution because when the soldiers got home they realised that what they were fighting for in America was possible for them to. Without it the world would probably sill be having monarchs as heads of state. The Declaration of Independence set of the idea of human freedom through out the western world. Another thing that the American Revolution caused was the settlement of Australia because the British used to send their convicts to America. When America stoped accepting the convicts the jails in England became very full which meant that they needed to find somewhere else to put their convicts, this is what lead to the colonisation of Australia.

The American Revolution also proved that
• Constitutions could work and could stop unreasonable laws from being passed
• That a large modern republic could exist
• That state governments operate under a federal government without major conflicts breaking out.

In retrospect I would just have to say what I said at the top which was that the American revolution was a revolution in the countries were governed and the ideals that they were governed by.
Return to