The Causes and Effects of Typhoid Fever Essay

The Causes and Effects of Typhoid Fever Essay

Length: 660 words (1.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the late 19th century, health officials began to notice an increase of patients with acute stomach conditions, many with abnormal symptoms that are not common with typical digestive problems; populous metropolitan areas, including Chicago experienced high mortality rates, some as high as 174 per 100,000 people. Health officials later determined the cause to be Typhoid fever, a disease that dates back to early Victorian times.
Although preventive measures can be taken, over 21.5 million people annually become infected with Typhoid fever. In particular, areas with poor sanitation of water report higher rates of this disease. Typhoid fever is spread through contaminated water sources, making underdeveloped countries vulnerable to the infection.
The cause of Typhoid fever is Salmonella Typhi, a bacterium that can be found on contaminated food items. Infection begins with consuming food that is contaminated, often unknowingly.
Typhoid Fever is divided into 4 stages, each lasting for approximately one week. During the first stage, Salmonella Typhi begins it’s journey in the digestive system, where they multiply and reproduce, spreading into the bloodstream. Due to the body’s natural response to infection, a positive feedback mechanism activates, and the body begins to react by increasing the internal body temperature, causing symptoms of a fever, sometimes as high as 104° F.
After the first stage of Typhoid fever, patients may have severe changes in blood pressure, affecting the Cardiovascular System, as proper blood pressure is vital to support bodily functions. Due to the change in blood pressure, the patient may have symptoms of hypertension, which can damage the heart, and in some cases be fetal due to heart attack.
In addit...

... middle of paper ...

...treatment, surgery may be required, commonly in cases of intestinal hemorrhage. In very rare cases, where the antibiotics do not eradicate the disease, surgical removal of the gallbladder may be required. Although rare, the Cholecystectomy may not always be effective in eradicating the disease, due to it’s persisting hepatic infection state.
Typhoid fever can be prevented several preventive measures. Using caution when traveling aboard is highly recommended by health professionals, and only drinking from bottled or purified water, as underdeveloped nations may have poorly sanitized water sources. Other preventive measures recommended by health professionals include getting vaccinated against Typhoid fever, practicing proper hand washing techniques, and avoiding raw or unwashed produce, as unwashed fruits and vegetables are sources for unwanted bacteria and parasite.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Pathology of Typhoid Fever Essay

- Generally a fever is associated with a common cold, but in some cases a fever can be one of the symptoms of the deadly disease Typhoid fever. Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is most common in underdeveloped countries but many cases have appeared in the United States and many Western countries. In some places, Typhoid fever is the leading killer of people. There are key symptoms to look out for, many ways to diagnose it, different treatments, and a hopeful prognosis for those who are infected....   [tags: Salmonella typhi, WHO, deadly disease]

Better Essays
896 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about Typhoid Fever in Nigeria

- Typhoid fever is a serious and sometimes life-threatening infection that mostly affects people in third world countries, where clean water and other sanitation measures are hard to come by. People usually get typhoid fever by drinking water that contain infected feces. People that carry the illness also can pass the disease onto others directly. For example, having physical contact with another person one may pass the disease onto that person. Bathing in the water that contains the S. Typhi bacteria may cause the bacteria to enter your body....   [tags: life-threatening infections]

Better Essays
1253 words (3.6 pages)

Essay Salmonella Spread Typhoid Fever Throughout History

- Introduction Typhoid fever is a life-threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. Worldwide, typhoid fever affects roughly 17 million people annually, causing nearly 600,000 deaths. The causative agent, Salmonella enterica typhi (referred to as Salmonella typhi from now on), is an obligate parasite that has no known natural reservoir outside of humans. Little is known about the historical emergence of human S. typhi infections, however it is thought to have caused the deaths of many famous figures such as British author and poet Rudyard Kipling, the inventor of the airplane, Wilbur Wright, and the Greek Empire’s Alexander the Great....   [tags: bacteria, symptoms, antibiotics]

Better Essays
932 words (2.7 pages)

Cure the World: Eradicate Typhoid Fever Essay

- Proposed Species: Typhoid Fever Proposed action: Eradication Cure the World: Eradicate Typhoid Fever So, what is typhoid fever. “Typhoid fever is an infection that causes diarrhea and a rash -- most commonly due to a type of bacteria called Salmonella typhi (S. typhi). This bacterium spreads through contaminated food, drink, or water. They travel into your intestines, and then into your bloodstream, where they get into your lymph nodes, gallbladder, liver, spleen, and other parts of your body”1....   [tags: infection, antibiotics, gall bladers]

Better Essays
719 words (2.1 pages)

Effects of Biological and Chemical Warfare Essay examples

- “The gas instantly caused severe burning in their throats and lung. The men clutched their chests, coughed, and gasped for breath. Attempts to shield themselves from the gas were largely futile. Many tried to burrow their noses and mouths or to cover them with cloth, but the moist, dense poison penetrated everything” (Taylor 17). Those were the effects of chlorine quoted by an eyewitness. The gases and biological agents used against people in war are very cruel. They cause lots of deaths in short periods of time, leaving lasting effects wherever they are unleashed....   [tags: Biological Weapon, Viral and Bacteria Pathogens]

Better Essays
2397 words (6.8 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Typhoid Fever Essay

- Introduction Typhoid fever (also known simply as typhoid) is a symptomatic bacterial infection that is characterized by various mild to severe symptoms, including fever, marked headache, and malaise. Other reported symptoms include anorexia, relative bradycardia, splenomegaly, nonproductive cough in the early stages of the illness, visible rose spots in the trunk, and constipation more often than diarrhea in adults (Heymann, 2015). The causative agent of typhoid is Salmonella enterica serovar typhi....   [tags: Epidemiology, Infection, Salmonella]

Better Essays
1888 words (5.4 pages)

Vaccines And Its Effects On Children Essays

- According to Pediatric Vaccination Specialist Paul Offit, almost 8,000 cases of pertussis have been reported to California’s Public Health Department in 2104. Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a completely preventable disease by the use of vaccines. But if this ailment is preventable, then why have there been this many cases reported in California. Out fear of the reported links of vaccines to autism, some parents have decided to delay getting their kids’ vaccines, and some even withholding vaccines completely....   [tags: Vaccination, Vaccine, Immune system, Smallpox]

Better Essays
1226 words (3.5 pages)

Salmonella Typhi (typhoid Fever) Essay

- Salmonella Typhi is a very contagious infection in the intestines that affects the whole body. It is called by a bacteria called Salmonella Typhi that is found in the stools of an infected person. Most people in the United States get typhoid as a result of visiting another country. Typhoid is spread when a person eats food or water contaminated by human waste (stool or urine) containing Salmonella Typhi bacteria. Typhoid fever mostly preys upon people from the United States who visit other countries, because in a foreign country food and drink may have been handled by a person who is shedding Salmonella Typhi or if the bacteria gets into the water you use for washing or drinking....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
337 words (1 pages)

The Health Effects of Chlorinated Drinking Water Essay

- Introduction Analytical Chemistry is a branch of chemistry concerned with the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the elements or compounds that consists of the material to be analyzed. This section is divided into several methods and techniques and each one has its uses and importance, including: Volumetric analysis and gravimetric analysis, Thermal analysis, Qualitative analysis, Spectral analysis, Instrumental Analysis and Electrolysis. Desalination of water by chlorine is considered one of the applications of analytical chemistry....   [tags: Potable Water Quality]

Better Essays
970 words (2.8 pages)

Typhoid Fever Essay

- Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an intestinal illness, which can result in great suffering and even death. At first it was commonly confused with other fever causing illnesses until 1869 when William Jenner performed a careful analysis and found differences in the different types of typhus fevers. In this paper, I will discuss the bacteria that causes typhoid fever, discuss the signs, symptoms, method of transmission, past and current epidemics, and whether or not there has been a decrease in outbreaks in the past few years....   [tags: Health]

Better Essays
1768 words (5.1 pages)