The Canadian Shield Essay

The Canadian Shield Essay

Length: 1470 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the period between 1760 and confederation, settlement in Lower and Upper Canada pushed into the Canadian Shield. In Lower Canada, settlement in the Shield was mostly by the Saguenay River, St. Maurice Valley and the area north of Montreal. In Upper Canada, settlement was attempted in the Ottawa-Huron Tract which was eastward from Lake Huron into the Ottawa Valley. Canadian colonial settlement shared a fluctuating relationship with the Canadian Shield. The Shield was a barrier to settlement until population increases pushed the boundaries. In the early nineteenth century, the Shield offered a solution to the ideological and economic dilemmas in the Canadian colonies and settlement was encouraged. The settlement that evolved in the Canadian Shield was based on resource extraction, and shaped the landscape of the region. Ultimately, however, settlement in the Shield diminished because of the poor conditions and new settlement solutions were found. The Canadian Shield affected settlement in Lower and Upper Canada because it was a temporary solution in a difficult period of demographic and economic transition. The shield pointed out the limitations of settlement in the Canadian colonies and compelled settlers to establish settlements in the Northwest Interior.
Settlement in the Canadian Shield offered an outlet for the growing population. In the early nineteenth century, Lower Canada experienced a surge of labour, pioneer families and capital from the transatlantic and eastern North America. Settlement began to expand northward; however, according to Geography professor Cole Harris, settlement “hesitated at the edge of the Canadian Shield” and “neither settlers nor capital touched the Canadian Shield until the early 1850s.” ...

... middle of paper ...

...rence Lowlands while in Upper Canada it eventually became a forestry landscape. Although the Shield was not effectively settled, it staved off emigration until alternative solutions were found and did allow for further resource exploitation. Because the margins of the Canadian Shield were pushed, settlers realized that Canada was narrowly confined and for solutions elsewhere. It could be said that failed settlement of the Shield factored into westward expansion.

Works Cited

Galois, Robert M. “Rural Quebec: After the Conquest.” Lecture, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, November 3, 2011.
Galois, Robert M. “Upper Canada: Agriculture and Rural Settlement.” Lecture, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, November 10, 2011.
Harris, R. Cole. The reluctant land: society, space, and environment in Canada before Confederation. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Protectionist Policies and Canadian Trade Essay

- Should We Use Protectionist Trade Policies to Help Shield Canadian Industries from Foreign Competition. Over the last decade, whether or not we should use policies that shield our domestic businesses from the foreign competitors became a concerned issue for Canadians. Some believe that these policies are to be not to be used in Canada, while others think the opposite. Personally, I believe that Canada should terminate protectionism. First, it will decrease Canada’s competitiveness, second, protectionism has already failed, and lastly, even though free trade makes some Canadians lose jobs now, it prevents a worldwide depression....   [tags: International Trade, Canada]

Powerful Essays
515 words (1.5 pages)

Taking a Closer Look at Québec Essay

- ... The Appalachians are a continuation of the Appalachian Mountains in the United States. Lakes cover about 1/8 of the land in Quebec. Most of the lakes in the province of Quebec come from glaciers. Quebec has long and cold winters and warm and short summers. Quebec was discovered in 1534 by a man named Jacques Cartier who took possession of the land in the name of the King of France. He put up a cross in Gaspé which can still be seen today. Cartier is also the first known explorer to travel along the St....   [tags: Canadian provinces]

Powerful Essays
684 words (2 pages)

The Evolution Of Canada Essay

- The Evolution Of Canada Canada, independent nation in North America. A country rich in minerals and agriculture, it was settled by the French and English and became an independent Commonwealth country with a federal system of government, in which the provinces enjoy a large measure of autonomy. Land and Economy. The 2nd-largest country in the world (after the USSR), Canada occupies the N half of the North American continent, stretching E and W from the Atlantic to Pacific oceans, N from the 49th parallel to the North Pole, including all the islands in the Arctic Ocean from W of Greenland to Alaska....   [tags: Canadian Culture]

Free Essays
1616 words (4.6 pages)

The Day Canada Became a Nation Essay examples

- In World War I, the victory of the Allies was caused by the turning point of a stalemate on the Western Front of the Battle of Vimy Ridge. It was “the Canadians willingness to forgo nationalism in the interests of efficiency and effectiveness that marked a new” (Dickson 40) transition of the ending of war. Through the second battle of Ypres, the Battle of Aras, and observing the previous bloodbath at the Battle of The Somme, the Canadian Expeditionary Force (C.E.F) perfected their defense tactics and techniques to fight in the evolutionary battle that made Canada a nation....   [tags: Canadian History ]

Powerful Essays
1958 words (5.6 pages)

The Inclusion of the Notwithstanding Clause in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

- The Inclusion of the Notwithstanding Clause in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms The inclusion of the Notwithstanding Clause in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was an invaluable contribution in the evolution of the liberal democratic state. Not an endpoint, to be sure, but a significant progression in the rights protection dynamic. Subsequent to its passage in 1982 it became the primary rights protecting mechanism, however, its raison d`etre was as a neccessary concession, the pivotal factor allowing the patriation of the constitution....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1293 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about The Value of the Tax Shield of Debt

- Introduction Motivation and background Decisions about optimizing the capital structure of the firm, no matter if it is a small business or a global corporation, has always been an important issue for the management. Various authors, (e.g. Booth (2002), Cooper and Nyborg (2006), Farber, Gillet and Szafarz (2006)) state that debt policy may only be viewed in terms of maintaining a fixed market value debt ratio (Miles-Ezzell assumption) or a fixed dollar amount of debt (Modigliani-Miller assumption)....   [tags: Tax Shield of Debt]

Powerful Essays
1648 words (4.7 pages)

The Canadian Depression Essay

- ”Families, tribes, dusted out, tractored out. Car-loads, caravans, homeless and hungry; twenty thousand and fifty thousand and a hundred thousand and two hundred thousand. They streamed over the mountains, hungry and restless — restless as ants, scurrying to find work to do — to lift, to push, to pull, to pick, to cut — anything, any burden to bear, for food. The kids are hungry. We got no place to live. Like ants scurrying for work, for food, and most of all for land. “ John Steinbeck. The Grapes of Wrath, 1939 Between 1900 and 1929, Canada had the world’s fastest growing economy with only a sharp but brief recession during world war one....   [tags: Canadian History]

Powerful Essays
1214 words (3.5 pages)

The Canadian Culture Essay

- Culture can be defined as the behaviours and belief characteristics of a particular social, ethnic, or age group. Every country has its own special way of life. Canada’s in particular can be considered unique because Canada is a cultural mosaic, which allows elements of many cultures to be integrated into one. Canada’s culture has many influences because the numerous people who immigrate here are encouraged to keep their culture. These immigrants also teach the people they meet when they move here about their own ways of life....   [tags: Canadian Culture, Canada,]

Powerful Essays
913 words (2.6 pages)

Canadian History Essay

- In Canadian history it is quite evident we are influenced heavily by the much stronger nations around us. Therefore our own content in Canada is sometimes overshadowed by other cultures, specifically with regards to the United States who have a big influence on our cultural industries. Pierre Trudeau expressed the feeling Canadians have with this co-existence, "Living next to you is in some ways like sleeping with an elephant. No matter how friendly or temperate the beast, one is affected by every twitch and grunt." Some may argue that Canada should not continue to develop regulations to protect its cultural industries....   [tags: Canadian Culture]

Powerful Essays
1961 words (5.6 pages)

Canadian-Aboriginals Essay

- Aboriginal-Canadians have an excessive history of mistreatment and discrimination in Canada. Europeans considered Canada’s First Nations as savages, eventually residential schools were created which in extreme cases were comparable to Prisoner of War camps. According to Evelyn Kallen, “Substandard housing breeding disease and death, closed schools due to lack of teachers, heat, and/or running water are only two examples of continuing, dehumanizing life conditions on many reserves” (198). Although, extensive improvements have been made to reservations and Aboriginal rights, more improvement remains necessary....   [tags: Canadian History ]

Powerful Essays
1986 words (5.7 pages)