Settlement in the Canadian Shield offered an outlet for the growing population. In the early nineteenth century, Lower Canada experienced a surge of labour, pioneer families and capital from the transatlantic and eastern North America. Settlement began to expand northward; however, according to Geography professor Cole Harris, settlement “hesitated at the edge of the Canadian Shield” and “neither settlers nor capital touched the Canadian Shield until the early 1850s.” ...
... middle of paper ...
...rence Lowlands while in Upper Canada it eventually became a forestry landscape. Although the Shield was not effectively settled, it staved off emigration until alternative solutions were found and did allow for further resource exploitation. Because the margins of the Canadian Shield were pushed, settlers realized that Canada was narrowly confined and for solutions elsewhere. It could be said that failed settlement of the Shield factored into westward expansion.
Galois, Robert M. “Rural Quebec: After the Conquest.” Lecture, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, November 3, 2011.
Galois, Robert M. “Upper Canada: Agriculture and Rural Settlement.” Lecture, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, November 10, 2011.
Harris, R. Cole. The reluctant land: society, space, and environment in Canada before Confederation. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.
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