Educators attempt to provide safe, nurturing environments where students can thrive. Any disturbance to this climate can have negative affects on students’ educational performances. Bullying is one such disruption. Unfortunately, physical and verbal abuse are nothing new in the school setting, however, the rise of technology in our country has created a new setting for bullies to target their victims. Cyberbulling, or the use of any number of technological means to harm or harass another, has become an increasingly prevalent occurrence, specifically among school-aged children (Campfield, 2006).
In this review of literature, the unique aspects of cyberbullying and its relation to traditional forms of bullying will be examined. Educators must understand the complex nature of this beast if it is to be addressed effectively. Furthermore, this review will look at the predictors of aggression in youth and how these factors can be addressed to combat bullying of any kind in the school setting.
Because cyberbullying is a relatively new phenomenon, there is some degree of variance in its definition. In its early inception, cyberbullying was thought to be limited to the internet. However, the rapid creation of new technology tolls has expanded the boundaries to include cell phones, instant messaging, chat rooms, and email (Campfield, 2006). Campfield (2006) conducted a study of middle school students to determine the incidence rates of cyberbullying. She found that nearly 70% of students were involved in cyberbullying in some capacity, as a bully or victim. In a similar study, Li (2007) found that 39% of students have been involved in cyberbullying, while 52% were aware of a peer being harassed through electronic m...
... middle of paper ...
...f bullies, victims, and bully/victims. Dissertation Abstracts International: 69(9-B). Retrieved from PsycINFO.
Holt, M. K. & Espelage, D. L. (2007). Perceived social support among bullies, victims,
and bully-victims. Journal of Youth Adolescence. 36(8), 984-994. Retrieved from Education Research Complete.
Li, Q. (2007). New bottle but old wine: A research of cyberbullying in schools.
Computers in Human Behavior. 23(4), 1777-1791. Retrieved from Education Research Complete.
Salmivalli, C. & Voeten, M. (2004). Connections between attitudes, group norms, and
behaviour in bullying situations. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28(3), 246-258. Retrieved from Education Research Complete.
Williams, K. R. & Guerra, N. G. (2007). Prevalence and predictors of internet bullying.
Journal of Adolescent Health. 41(6), S14-S21. Retrieved from PsycINFO.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Bullying is a serious occurrence that is plaguing youth all over the globe. Bullying, a form of aggression, can be experienced in four forms: physical, verbal, social or cyber (Oh & Hazler, 2009; Trach, Hymel, Waterhouse & Neale, 2010). However, all bullying is composed of three specific concepts—causing their victims harm, possessing greater power then their victims and repetition (Oh & Hazler, 2009). Read into the definition of “bullying” and one would simply identify a bully and a victim yet they would likely fail to identify a key influence: bystanders.... [tags: Literature Review]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Bullying, a form of aggression, can be experienced in several forms: physical, verbal, social or cyber. All bullying is composed of three specific concepts—causing their victims harm, possessing greater power than their victims and repetition (Oh & Hazler, 2009). Most often it is just the bully and a victim taken into consideration yet this fails to identify a key influence: bystanders. It is their impact on bullying that creates serious problems thus understanding the bystander’s role is vital in trying to decrease the occurrence of bullying (Oh & Hazler, 2009).... [tags: Violence ]
964 words (2.8 pages)
- Bullying has received a lot of attention in the past decade or so. It has become a major topic in the United States and in many other countries. There is a lot of awareness being made on this issue, with the recent increase of suicide rates within the country. What does the term bullying mean and what effect does it have on an individual. Previous studies and research show how bullying can lead to not only physical injuries but also to mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety, substance abuse and eating disorders.... [tags: Bullying, Abuse, Self-esteem, Victimisation]
1134 words (3.2 pages)
- Literature Review Relationship between bullying and self-esteem Bullying comes in many forms. Some research indicate that bullying can be physical, verbal, relational and cyber (Jankauskiene, Kardeliene, Kardelis and Sukys 2008; Wang, Iannotti and Nansel 2010; Brito and Oliveira 2013). Other research has further categorized bullying into two subtypes: direct and indirect bullying (Dukes, Stein and Zane 2009; Hong, Kral and Sterzing 2014). As the name indicates, direct bullying involves physical aggression/violence, hitting, kicking and so on.... [tags: Bullying, Abuse, Victimisation, Victim]
1009 words (2.9 pages)
- Bully. For many people, this term is synonymous with childhood teasing, wedgies, and purloined lunch money. Others, however, break out in a cold sweat at the thought of the term because they know a bully—or work for one. The problem of bullying is an old one but it has recently been sensationalized by way of social media campaigns as a social blight. As a result, responsibility for curing the problem has been handed over to lawmakers. Some European countries have enacted laws against workplace bullying, but politicians in the United States are still trying to agree on a definition.... [tags: Bullying, Abuse, Workplace bullying, Definition]
1772 words (5.1 pages)
- Bullying in the workplace is gaining the attention of top-level executives and researchers as it drains company financial and managerial resources. The studies conducted focus on identifying bullying behavior, characteristic traits of bullies and their victims, environmental stresses that create a bullying atmosphere, and the lost productivity as an effect of bullying on the employee’s psychological wellbeing. The immaturity of this research topic suggests that by investigating the behavior and finding ways to govern and discipline those responsible for the behavior, it will taper.... [tags: Workplace, Executives, Researchers, Bullying]
1646 words (4.7 pages)
- Eason Wu Stacey Suver CSE 300 14 April 2016 Trait of Cyberbullying In the past years, the traditional bullying has been trending to bully on the internet because of the developed technology. The bullying often occurs at school. Students who are being cyberbullied are often bullied in a person as well. Cyberbullying is different than the traditional bullying. Cyberbullying can happen any times and days in a week. The physical bullying usually brings with different between bullies and victims, and creates a target to bully.... [tags: Bullying, Abuse, Relational aggression]
798 words (2.3 pages)
- Bullying has been an childhood problem for many and has been recognized as a serious issue. Campbell (2005) quotes Peterson (2001) stating that bullying is “the abusive treatment of a person by means of force or coercion” (qtd. in Campbell, 2005). Bullying is hurtful and can happen for no reason. It is a quick fix to make the bully feel satisfied and assert power (Campbell 2005). Cyber bullying is just one form of bullying and involves many different methods of harassing an individual. Use of the Internet via websites such as Facebook and Twitter along with both instant messaging on computers and text messaging on cell phones, allows a bully to target a victim with the use of anonymity.... [tags: Cyber Bullying Essays]
1434 words (4.1 pages)
- were the major bullying acts during our child’s first year of schooling. Size-bias, sexism, and racism are, unfortunately, fairly common. We felt that the teachers, the administration, the parents, and the children themselves responded to Helena being called “fat” fairly well, as demonstrated by the lovely letters of apology. The second scenario of racism was more volatile and remains unresolved. The third incident was only communicated to me and even the mother involved, who was so startled by the boy’s comment, didn’t intervene in any way.... [tags: Bullying, Abuse, Sexual harassment]
1558 words (4.5 pages)
- The results of all ten questions of the survey often varied in their answers. It would be beneficial to have more youth fill it out to get a more accurate idea of bullying in the community. Also including more youth of the neighborhood, and not just ones from the local church could give more insight on bullying. Occasionally there were outliers, and this could be due to the participant not understanding the question. Regardless the answers give a start to better understanding of bullying in Sierra Vista.... [tags: Bullying, High school, Extracurricular activity]
1413 words (4 pages)