The British Settlers Essay

The British Settlers Essay

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When one looks back on the history of the British settlers in the Americas, there are many differences and similarities between those who settled up north in the New England colonies and those who settled down south. There are also differences in the way the north and south lived their lives, did their jobs, what their economic system was like and how the labor force was set up. Among these many differences there are some similarities as well. Those who left England sought religious and political freedom, as well as governmental and economic stability.
Starting with the Jamestown and others in the Chesapeake region, one immediately notices that those who established Jamestown were not prepared to settle down. The Jamestown colony was started for one main purpose, to make money. The Virginia Company founded Jamestown. The “Elizabeth” was the ship that took over those looking to settle to the Chesapeake Bay area. On the ship were 114 passengers and of those, 72 of them were males. These males were in their early 20’s, single and indentured servants. The indentured servants were those whose contracts stated that they would work but get no money in return for it. They were close to “slaves”. The indentured servants worked and got food and a roof over their head in return for their services. Failure was due to disease and death. Because there were a lot of swamplands down south, malaria was common and lead to death. Tobacco becomes a catalyst to Jamestown and the Chesapeake area. Jamestown becomes known as a boomtown. James Rolph cultivated tobacco. The south learns that it does not require a large investment to cultivate tobacco and it becomes a luxury item. Because the idea of Mercantilism was the main reason for economics in the s...


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...not have more power than another and grow stronger than another. This was a big concern with those who did not agree with changing to the Constitution. The people saw what happened in England when one person had too much power and did not want it to happen in the newly formed U.S. The government now had the power to impose taxes on states but did not have enough power to over take the country because of checks and balances.
In my opinion, the most significant compromise resulting from the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia was the creation of a checks and balance system. This helps keep the power separated and divided into the three branches. The division of congress into two houses was another compromise that was significant. With both of these put in, not only one part of the national or localized government can become too strong and lead to controversy.

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