A.P US History The Effect Of Geography On English Colonies The New England, Middle and Southern colonies were all English ruled, but yet very different. Among their distinctions, was the geography which played an important role in shaping these colonies. New England attracted Puritan farmers who wanted to separate from the Catholic Church. But because of the bone dry soil in the North, these colonists found they couldn't continue with their traditional ways of farming. However, with the immense amounts of water that surrounded them, they found that they could fish and trade. The Middle colonies on the other, hand had a moderate amount of everything. The fertile soil and the major seaports such as Philadelphia and New York, allowed these Middle colonists to make a living any way they saw fit. This led to the brisk development of the Middle Seaboard . Unlike the Middle and Northern colonies, the Southern colonies had large amounts of fertile land allowing for the development of large plantations. Because farming the plantations was the economic thrust for the South, towns and cities developed slowly. Thusly Geography greatly affected the lifestyles of these regions in the New World. The characteristics that came to shape the life in New England were the rocky, barren soil, the extreme climate and the rich waters. Although there was farming in New England , colonists looked to other means of survival. They looked to the rich waters for fishing and trade. The coastline of New England was very fertile with sealife. So, fishing became a way of commerce and trade providing a steady economy to New England. Because of the rocky soil and extreme climate, the colonists were forced to plant many different crops on a small pa... ... middle of paper ... ...le and Northern colonies, the Southern rivers did not freeze, therefore commerce was year round. The flip side to having a warm climate, is the increase in growth of bacteria and disease. Consequently, the Southern colonists faced a shorter life span. Women were often left widows leaving them the rights to their husbands' estate. Therefore, women had the opportunity and position to have more power. As a result of this warmer area, agriculture shaped the plantation colonies. It is evident then, that geography and climate greatly shaped the lifestyles of the early colonies. The frigid North had the close knit towns, smaller farms and central governing bodies. The moderate climate of the Middle colonies allowed for prosperous farming, trade and, opportunity. Large plantations ruled the Southern Colonies with their scattered settlements and independently-run lifestyles.
The three colonial regions economically was that the Northern Colonies were very dependent towards the ocean. Importing goods through trade however affected Northern Colonies through the Navigation Acts due to not being able to trade out of region such as Europe. Shipbuilding and fishing were its main factors to the economy on making profit. Since the Northern Colonies are close to the ocean, they were high on fish and as well as being able to be part of the fur trade where it was major for both natives and the English. Southern regional colonies economy was based on sugar, rice, cotton, and tobacco. This is due to large lands of farm and consisting good farmland resources. For Middle colonies the economy was based
New England differentiated from the Southern Colonies in many different ways. Economically, New England based their wealth on fishing, ship building and mainly trade. Unlike the other Southern Colonies, farmland was very poor due to the rocky soil that was unsuitable for crops. The Southern Colonies grew crops such as rice, tobacco, and cotton to make money. New England Colonists imported agricultural products while the Southern colonists exported agricultural products. Winters in the Southern Colonies were cold and rainy while the summers were hot and humid while New England had a cooler summer climate and longer colder winters. People from New England tended to live longer because there were fewer diseases than in the Southern
The establishment of the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies were the foundation of what we call America. The purpose and mission of founding the New England colonies were different than that of the Jamestown settlers. Prosperity and economics were still part of their mission, however their main goal was to have religious freedom. The geographical features of the New England colonies included rocky coastlines with rich soil. The rich soil was the perfect ground for planting all of their crops, such as wheat, corn, rye, beans, and potatoes. These crops were their main source of economic growth. The closeness to the ocean, which had a sustained food supply, allowed them to fish for food.
Many differences characterize the four regions of the English Settlements including the reason for establishment, and the resources within the colony. The reason for establishment varies between the colonies, as the colonists varied in their intentions for settlement. The Southern Colonies were established to seek natural resources and to seek wealth, while The New England colony was established for spirituality reasons: the reason to glorify God. In comparison, the Middle Colonies were established as a way for people of diverse cultures to settle down, and the backcountry was established as a place for families, Germans, and Scottish- Irish people to live within. Another difference amongst the colonies was the resources they had that
The Northern and Southern colonies had different economies based on their experience in the New World and how they chose to do things in their colony. Each of the two had to go through multiple hardships and advantages to shape them into their much diverse ways of living which affected their sociality and lifestyle.
Unlike in the south, there was no slaves, except for a little bit when they were first introduced to the colonies. Although there were no slaves, there were lots of immigrants. They came because if they lived in the south they would have to back breaking work all day in the hot sun. This provided lots of labor in the New England colonies, from working in bait shops to actual fishing.
To begin, the colonists had many environmental issues. For example, in document B it shows us that in the early years when Jamestown was first settled, 1607 through 1612, there was a major drought which caused fresh water to become scarce. The lack of water affected the growth of crops. Second, most of the colonists were not suited
In pre-revolutionary America, there were three developing regions known as the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. These regions were separate until the late 18th century. They are known as the thirteen colonies and they developed through many factors like religion, economics, and politics. Colonial America depended on their natural environment and labor forces to produce certain cash crops, and this will determine the economic ties between consumers and producers, and strengthen the economy of the New World in America. Although religion and politics had a great influence on the development of three separate and distinct colonial regions in the thirteen colonies, economics had the greatest influence because
If you lived in the North during the 1800’s, you would expect weather typical to that of Indiana. The winters are cold and and the summers are hot. There is a short growing season of around six or seven months. Even though the growing season does not last year-round, the North is full of natural resources. These resources include timber, iron, and a variety of crops. The geography in the North consists of vast forests, large plains, and coastline. This coastline is located across the Northeastern region. Most cities in the North developed along rivers, which allowed for easier trade routes. Lastly, many plains and fields are located in this region. Staple crops such as beans and corn are harvested in the fields after the growing season. On the other hand, the South was subject to long, hot summers with mild winters. The summers were also humid and rainy. The temperatures in the
New England had intense winters and was the coldest out of all the colonies. Due to this reason, they were limited to their farming capabilities. Instead, they would import goods from other regions and trade them with other countries. Fortunately, they were surrounded by a dense number of trees which they used to make ships. New England colonists would usually work at shipbuilding for this reason. Middle colonies had moderate weather all year around which made for humid summers and mild winters. This climate gave the people an opportunity to take advantage of agricultural benefits. The Middle colonies became popular for their exportation of grains and fantastic farming abilities.
In general, all colonies had their own individual challenges as they adjust to the New World. In general the first people who came to the new world were known as pilgrims, but then later they were followed by a group call Puritans. The Puritans were a group of Christians, who wanted the Church of England to alleviate certain ceremonious celebrations that were not found in the scriptures because they believe the bible as their sole authority (Who Were the Puritans, “n.d.”). They settle in the Massachusetts Bay and they were more religious conscience than most of the other colonies. In 1623, the Council of New England granted land to the Dorchester Company to plant a colony of fishermen in what is now Massachusetts (Reich, 2011, p. 71). Some
The discovery of the New World gave the English, French, and Spanish new possibilities. Amongst them were the expansions of empires, the gain of new lands, wealth, and power. With regards to geography, population sources, government, and religion, the English, French, and Spanish colonies differed. These differences created advantages and disadvantages that led to the rise of one country over all others.
Life in the colonies was not easy for a lot of people. Many people had to work long and hard all day to survive. I will show you what life was like from the point of view of different people in the colony. The native Americans were very excited when the colonists first landed. They got to meet and they soon became allies. But once the colonists started taking their land the Native Americans were not happy. They were losing a lot of land and they wanted it to stop. Many of them soon became slaves. They were no longer happy with the colonists. They started fighting back but lack of tecnology led to most of them dying. Another group of people in the colonies are the landowners. These people had many slaves and thought that they were better than everyone else. According to Encyclopedia.net “Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island were the three New England states with the largest slave population.” the new england
Starting with the New England region consisted of small subsistence farms having compact towns and a rapid growing population that had greater economic equality additionally it had fewer numbers of slaves or immigrants with more families. The weather consisted of cold winters with a shorter growing season, due to that fact the wealth and resources were based on shipbuilding, fishing, trade and lumber. The middle colonies consisted of more ethnic, cultural and religion making it attractive to immigrants based on the fact of the tolerance of these religious and ethnic differences. Because of temperature as well as a moderate growing season family farms dominated by growing season, which in turn led the farmers to raise some crops on a moderate
The climate in the Southern Colonies was the warmest of the English colonies. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year. The land was flat and the soil was rich. Tobacco and rice were the two most important cash crops. The climate was ideally suited for plantations where slaves did the manual labor. Most of the southerners were from England, so the church of choice was the anglican church.