A manic episode is a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive or irritable mood that lasts at least one week. The episode includes persistently increased goal-directed activity or energy. A hypomanic episode is a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive or irritable mood that lasts at least four consecutive days. Both of these types of episodes can have similar symptoms. This includes: Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, decreased need for sleep, unusual talkativeness, racing thoughts, distractibility, increased goal-directed activity or agitation, and doing things that are unusual and that have a high potential for painful consequences (for example, unrestrained buying sprees, sexual indiscretions or foolish business investments).
A major depressive episode usually lasts over a two week time period that represent a change from previous mood and functioning. Some of the signs and symptoms include but are not limited to: Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day, such as feeling sad, empty, hopeless or tearful (in children and teens, depressed mood can appear as irritability), noticeably reduced interest or feeli...
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...focused on goals. The patient may stay motivated by keeping their recovery goals in mind and reminding themself that they can work to repair damaged relationships and other problems caused by mood swings. Individuals with bipolar disorder can also join support groups so that they can connect to others facing similar challenges and share experiences. They may also find healthy ways to channel their energy, such as finding a hobby, exercising, and participating in other recreational activities. In my opinion, one of the best ways to cope with anything is by learning methods to relax and manage stress. Yoga, tai chi, massage, meditation or other relaxation techniques can be very helpful for this purpose. Something that I like to do when I am very stressed out by my schoolwork is to watch ASMR videos, a technique that many people also find to be very pleasureable.
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