Essay on Bipolar Affective Disorder ( Bad )

Essay on Bipolar Affective Disorder ( Bad )

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Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) is a mental illness that many people in the world have been diagnosed clinically, impairing their ability to mentally function properly because of rapid emotional changes that can have a major impact on their everyday lives. These changes can start from feelings of extreme happiness, hyper-activity, tremendous energy levels, and change drastically to having no energy at all and becoming very depressed, sometimes driving an individual to the point of suicide. In 1980, the DSM-III (Also known as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) redefined the disorder Manic Depressive to Bipolar Affective Disorder. This Manual defined the disorder as a clinically evaluated illness based from extensive scientific data and research. They focused more on the extreme fluctuations in the moods of the individual and less about the results that the disorder inflicts on them. When the DSM-IV was released in 1994, that is when they decided to categorize the disorder into separate types to help properly diagnose Bipolar Affective Disorder based on the levels of manic versus the hypomania episodes.The four types of Bipolar Affective Disorder range from Bipolar I Disorder, Bi-Polar 2 Disorder, Cyclothymic Disorder, and Unspecified Bipolar or Related Disorders. These four types of BAD range on variable factors based on the changes in a person’s emotions, physical energy, and activity levels. The National Institute of Mental Health says that “These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes (NIMH-Bipolar Disorder, Web).”...


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...izers. Lithium is probably the oldest and best know mood stabilizer. The whole point of prescribing a mood stabilizer is to try and manage the cycle with the least amount of pills possible. It was once popular for doctors to prescribe both a mood stabilizer and antidepressants to treat bipolar affective disorder but that is no longer the case. It really depends on the individual so it is important to stay on the medications prescribed by your doctors and to have an open dialog with them about any possible side effect that are being experienced. Cognitive behavioral therapy is commonly used in combination with meds to treat bipolar disorder. The medication works to help find emotional homeostasis, which in turn helps a patient to be more receptive in therapy. CBT helps to set in place a plan to prevent relapse and cope with bipolar symptoms. (Hausmann et al. (2007).

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