Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Features of Nutmeg Essay

Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Features of Nutmeg Essay

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Antimicrobial and Antioxidant features of Nutmeg
Introduction
Hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, singlet oxygen, super oxide anion and free radicals consist of reactive oxygen species. These reactive species will cause damage to the biological molecules. The damaged bio molecules might initiate certain diseases or might lead to the worsening of the existing diseases. Free radicals are reactive ions that can cause progression of diseases like diabetes, immunosuppression, metabolic injury, atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, aging, and Parkinson’s disease.
Diseases that result from the oxidative stress could be prevented by the exogenous antioxidants such as tocopherols, flavonoids, vitamin C, carotenoids and various phenolic compounds. Some commonly used synthetic antioxidants are butylated hydroxyanisole, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Natural antioxidants in plants can prevent the diseases by reducing the oxidative damage created by bio macromolecules.
Various harmful pathogens cause several diseases to human beings. When the defense mechanisms in the humans is not sufficient for fighting against the pathogens, certain chemotherapeutic drugs have been introduced. Haphazard usage of these drugs has led to the development of drug resistant strains. So, there is an extreme necessity to generate alternatives for synthetic drugs. The answer for this problem can emerge from the use of aromatic herbs and spices. Spices and aromatic herbs have antimicrobial and antioxidant features.
Nutmeg: Nutmeg is the dried seed of the Myristica fragrans Houtt. It has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrheal properties. Nutmeg also acts as a memory enhancer and aphrodisiac. This study concentrates on investigatin...


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...reverse the process and hence the rate of antioxidation by the nutmeg extract is inversely related to the oxidation of beta-carotene. The acetone extract showed this activity as 74.36+/-1.94percent, and ethanol extract as 38.47+/-1.31percent. BHT showed this activity as 94.9+/-1.03percent.
Antimicrobial activity of the extracts
In this study, it is proved that nutmeg extracts showed antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi that are pathogenic.
GC-MS of acetone extract
The acetone extract of nutmeg seed consisted of the chemicals like sabinene, beta-pinene, myristicin, terpinen-4-ol, limonene, gamma-terpinene, p-menth-2-en-1-ol, elemicin, isoeugenol, p-menth-2-en-1-ol, myrcene, alpha-phellandrene, terpinolene, lonalool, and p-cymene.
In conclusion, the current study has elaborated the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of different nutmeg extracts.


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