It has one of the highest iodine values of oilseeds (a value of 134), thereby indicating greater amount of unsaturation as compared to sunflower oil; peanut butter, maize and palm oils. In soybean oil, the fatty acids linoleic, oleic, palmitic and linolenic, make up 54, 24, 12 and 8%, respectively (Lokuruka, 2010). Soyabean lipids tends to lower serum cholesterol, due to greater degree of unsaturation. SDue to unsaturation soy oil contains oleic and the essential fatty acid (EFA) linoleic acid. Soy oil contains 55-68% dienoic and trienoic acids, amounts that are large enough to influence formation of considerable levels of trans isomers of linoleic and linolenic acids and trans fatty acid isomers have been implicated in the incidence and progression of cardiovascular disease.
The shelf-life of tomato fruit is critical for marketing, transportation and domestic use (Adhi et al., 2013). Fruit shelf-life depends on both genetic factors, and also environmental factors, such as temperature (Adhi et al., 2013). Traits proposed by breeders to improve shelf life before consumption include pericarp thickness, fruit firmness, and number of locules. Yield increase of hybrid varieties was accompanied by an increase in fruit weight, fruit number. Fruit number played greater role that fruit weight in improving marketable yield of tomato hybrids (Garg et al.,
Another type of specific lipid is cholesterol, this lipid is viewed as helpful but also harmful to the human body. Cholesterol is derived from sterols, also known as steroids. A sterol is further derived from triglycerides. Cholesterol is a useful lipid; it protects the cell membrane when the temperature drastically decreases. Cholesterol is also a vital precursor in the production of steroid hormones and bile salts.
Extracellular lipases are created by microorganisms, fungi and bacteria. Lipases from bacteria have been salaried much consideration due to their frequent usage in a range of biotechnological applications. Pseudomonas lipases are the most central ones which have a important potential in detergent industry and organic chemistry (Aysun 2009). Bacterial strain are usually more used as source of lipases because they present higher activities compared to yeast. Fungal lipases which are report to be derivative mainly from Candida and Aspergillus sp and Geotrichum sp.
Antioxidants are substances that stable enough to prevent or retard the oxidation of easily oxidisable biomolecules such as lipids, proteins and DNA, thus preventing oxidative damage (Lobo et al. 2010). Antioxidants can be classified into two classes, according to their action, into primary or chain breaking antioxidants and secondary or preventative antioxidants. Primary antioxidants, when present in low concentration, can either delay or inhibit the lipid oxidation by reacting with a lipid radical or peroxyl radicals. Secondary antioxidants on the other hand, retard the rate of oxidation by chelating of metal ions or quenching of singlet oxygen (Amalia et al.
In this study we concluded that A. chinensis is having high anti... ... middle of paper ... ...ng ability due to their hydroxyl group and directly contribute to the antioxidant action. It is suggested that polyphenolic compounds have inhibitory effects on mutagenesis and carcinogenesis in human beings . An antioxidant will slower down or preventing the oxidation of other molecules, which produces free radicals, which start chain reactions that break cells. Antioxidants can remove free radical intermediates and thereby stop the reaction . The aim of this study was to investigate the total phenol content, ferric reducing activity/in vitro antioxidant power and antimicrobial properties of Albizzia chinansis, Stereospermum tetragonum, Mussaenda macrophylla, Callicarpa arborea.
0.89 mg GAE/g, water exhibited the highest amount of phenolic whereas the lowest from hexane was shown in menthe spicata. The amount of total phenolic compounds are represented in Table 1. Comment by OfficialStation: How many plant did you use? Comment by OfficialStation: Lowest in the Table is not hexxane Determination of total flavanoid contents Flavonoids are the most common and widely distributed group of plant phenolic compounds, which is ever-present in fruits and vegetables. Total flavonoid values of the extracts ranged from 0.4 ?
Besides that, zeolites are used as absorbents to remove of organic substances, microorganisms and anions, for seawater desalination membranes and fill materials for reactive permeable barriers. Wastewater contains trace amount of heavy metals such as Zn, Cr, Pb, Cd, Cu. These heavy metals need to be removed because they cause serious environmental problem. Heavy metals are removed along with other technologies including chemical precipitation, ion exchange, adsorption, membrane filtration, coagulation flocculation, flotation and electrochemical methods. Natural zeolites have shown good ion-exchange capacities for cations, such as ammonium and heavy metal ions.
To conclude, fungi have contributed a lot in economy significantly. This included in the industries of chemical commodities, antibiotics, enzymes, vitamins, pharmaceutical compounds, fungicides, plant growth regulators, hormones and proteins.
Tomatoes varieties are either hybrid or heirloom varieties. Hybrid tomato seed is produced by the cross pollination of two separate parent lines. (Get in depth about how gene selection works, good opportunity for good scientific research) Hybrid tomatoes generally have more uniform growth, disease resistance and a longer harvest interval, which are characteristics desirable for those marketing their fruit. Heirloom tomatoes have been selected by humans for many years for their flavor profile and their ability to thrive in a specific climate or territory. Many amateur gardeners save seeds of these varieties along with large commercial seed producers.