Advantages to the Industrial Revolution in Early Modern Europe Essays

Advantages to the Industrial Revolution in Early Modern Europe Essays

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Prior to industrialization, the population of Europe saw a dramatic growth – from 110,000,000 to 190,000,000. What triggered this growth? Likely the end of feudalism. The end of feudal contracts gave people a little more say in their day-to-day working activities, resulting in more time spent at home, which ultimately resulted in childbearing. This would leave citizens scrambling both to provide needs for the population as a whole, and to improve the individuals overall quality of life. This resulted in economists, like Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations (1776), examining the most cost-effective method of producing the goods and services citizens demanded (such as clothing and food). It also left others, such as Thomas Malthus in his Essay on Population (1798), searching for a way to curb population growth so that Europe could sustain its growth. Ultimately both theorists’ ideas were put into play in reality. While both theorists’ ideas were initially met with resistance by the everyday-labourer and his family, these ideas were necessary for the nations economic development and sustainability. The Industrial Revolution was advantageous to society at the time because it provided the population with the means to provide needed materials through developments in mechanization, laboured work, as well as agriculture – but conformed to Malthus’ subsistence model by having citizens living together in slums located in urban areas close to their workplace, the health and safety issues associated with this move would result in a naturally decreased population.

Adam Smith wrote The Wealth of Nations as a guide why economics should be catered to benefit both the business as well as the consumer. While Smith stresses the importance of d...

... middle of paper ...

...inning’ (1794).” In Documents in the History of Early Modern Europe. Ed. Ken MacMillan. Calgary: University of Calgary, 2011. Pp. 48-49.
Appleby & Sawyer, Bernard Bischoff & Sons. “Extract from Appleby &
Sawyer, Bernard Bischoff & Sons, ‘Letter from the Leeds Cloth Merchants’ (1791) In Documents in the History of Early Modern Europe. Ed. Ken MacMillan. Calgary: University of Calgary, 2011. Pp. 46-47.
Hepworth, Joseph, Lobley, Thomas, and Blackburn, Robert. “Extract from Joseph
Hepworth, Thomas Lobley, Robert Blackburn, ‘Leeds Woollen Workers Petition’ (1786) In Documents in the History of Early Modern Europe. Ed. Ken MacMillan. Calgary: University of Calgary, 2011. P. 46
Smith, Adam. ‘Extract from Adam Smith, ‘The Wealth of Nations’ (1776). In
Documents in the History of Early Modern Europe. Ed. Ken MacMillan. Calgary: University of Calgary, 2011 Pp. 42-45

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