Diabetes is when the body can’t produce insulin; the insulin helps to control the sugar (glucose) level in the blood. Glucose is a type of sugar that is found in foods and sugary drinks. Glucose is absorbed by the body as part of digestion and is also carried around the body in the blood.
For those people who don’t have type 1 diabetes the pancreas produces insulin which then takes any glucose out of the blood and into the cells where it then converts the glucose into energy, however for a person with type 1 diabetes its different as the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin as it’s an autoimmune condition.
Autoimmune is when the immune system mistakes the cells in the pancreas as harmful, therefore damages them to an extent where it stops the insulin. This occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas and people with type 1 diabetes cannot make enough insulin to control their blood sugar level therefore their diabetes is either high or low.
Changes to the relevant physiology of the body systems-
For those who have diabetes the change to the body system would occur in the endocrine system and digestive system. The endocrine system handles the body functions that happen slower, such as the growth of cells and it also keeps the body 's hormone levels in balance. In the digestive system the food that is not digested properly can make it difficult to control the blood sugar, therefore this affects the diabetes as the blood sugar level would either be too high or low and would need to be controlled. Also for a person with Type 1 diabetes it is important to take control of the autoimmune condition and maintain a healthy glucose level.
Changes to overall body functions-
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...pment of the disorder-
Type 1 diabetes is believed to often be inherited as there is a 6% chance for an individual to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes if another family member has diabetes. Also, some sort of environmental factors such as a viral infection, makes the immune system attack the insulin that is producing cells in the pancreas in people who have a genetic history of diabetes in their family. Another influence on the development of diabetes is an environmental factor such as prenatal influences as babies with higher birth weight and the children who have older mothers have a slightly higher risk of diabetes. Also another influence is that having a number of siblings has a lower risk of type 1 diabetes due to crowded living conditions and having improved standards of living and good hygiene could be contributing to the increasing rates of type 1 diabetes.
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