United Nations Intervention Essay

United Nations Intervention Essay

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There are millions of people that wish for peace every day. If those people of today’s world cannot have peace, they want to avoid any form of violence. Canada is a very good example of a peaceful lifestyle. Unfortunately, this state is not common to every country. In 1945, an international organization called United Nations was created in order to try to fix this kind of problem around the world. This is done by intervening in several countries in order to bring peace. Among these interventions, many were situated on the African continent: Sudan, South Africa, Sierra Leone and Somalia are some examples of countries that got the help of the United Nations. What determines the United Nations final decision whether to intervene in African conflicts or not and what actions follow? Two major conflicts can give a partial answer. In the South Africa conflict, the United Nations decided to intervene for the security of the country’s inhabitants. However, in the Rwanda conflict, the United Nations decided to ignore the massacres for the safety of its own soldiers.

A brief summary of the history of the United Nations is necessary before expanding upon the conflicts. The United Nations (UN) was originally created by 51 countries (including the United States) at the end of Second World War, in 1945. This international organization was the substitute for the League of Nations. (Swisher: 1997, p.6) In other words, it is a better version of the old organization. The total number of countries involved in this organization is 192. This number remains the same since Montenegro was the last to join in 2006. (Department of Public Information: 2006) One of the UN’s organs is called the Security Council and its role consists of “the maintenance o...

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...ril 23, 2011, from http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/

Department of Public Information (2007). Lessons from Rwanda: The United Nations and the Prevention of Genocide. United Nations. Retrieved April 23, 2011, from http://www.un.org/preventgenocide/rwanda/infokit.shtml

Department of Public Information (2010). The United Nations: Partner in the Struggle against Apartheid. United Nations. Retrieved April 23, 2011, from http://www.un.org/en/events/

Kressel, Neil J. (1996). Mass hate: the global rise of genocide and terror. New York: Plenum Press.

Malhotra, Ram C. (1964). Apartheid and the United Nations. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 354, pp.135-144. Retrieved April 23, 2011, from JSTOR.

Swisher, Karin L. (1997). The United Nations. San Diego, California: Greenhaven Press.

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