Funding has changed from educational programs to focus on more rehabilitative programs. Education will always be important, but adjusting to life after prison is just as important for the offender. I believe that if imprisonment were to cure offending, then effective forms of treatment need to be available to the offenders. Rehabilitative programming that has a background of being effective should be placed as a baseline in all prisons. From the groundwork on rehabilitative programs, better programs can be formed just like the Good Lives model was created from the Risk-Need-Responsivity model.
The structured sentencing models were created in order to remove the faults of indeterminate sentencing. Determinate sentencing is a fixed set of incarceration dates for judges to decide upon. The judge uses fixed terms based upon the crime that was committed. The set term to serve can be reduced by help of parole or good behavior. Unlike indeterminate sentencing, in determinate, the offender actually knows when he or she will be released from jail.
Introduction Probation and Parole are the main components to the corrections systems. The corrections system decides whether a convicted felon will be approved for parole. The convicted felon may be released from prison and be on probation. If the felon moves back into society or it is possible to have their parole revoked and stay in prison till they can apply for parole again or finish their sentence. These are the elements that help society and ex-convicts to cohabit together without repercussions.
With the continued use of probation, there may be a change in how sentencing is given on some crime. The difference between misdemeanors and felonies may become greater in that case. Jail and serious sentencing should be given to career criminals and those with no remorse. The alternative of probation is a good choice for a first time offender or someone who is committed to redeeming themselves in the eyes of their community. References Harrigan, J., & Nice, D. (2008).
Some of these requirements are: the type of crime committed the nature of the crime, criminal history, the person age, corrections department record, and drug or alcohol abuse. Once convicted for murder or rape you will not be eligible for parole. With the parole officer periodically visiting they will be better equipped in making a decision of who should be granted parole for the purpose of rehabilitation and those that just ‘want to get out’. To also assist in being granted a chance of parole the offender file while incarcerated will also be taken into consideration and will be properly screened thus ensuring that if that person is granted parole they will not just be a case of recidivism. While inmates are expected to be on good behavior the points from that will only be acknowledged (Abadinsky, 2012).
Disincentives for Participation Ther... ... middle of paper ... ...treatment while in incarceration. Addiction treatment is available to inmates that choose to participate in a program while they are incarcerated. While the reason to enter into treatment will vary, some will be mandated and some will volunteer. The major problem with offenders staying with the program has to do with the culture within the prison system. Those that overcome the difficulties and stay with the program from beginning until they are released from aftercare which would occur after release from prison, have a better chance at not reoffending and not relapsing.
Because of the difference in how these crimes are carried out, inmates are sentenced differently; some are sentenced to life in prison, and others are sentenced to several years and will be eligible for parole after serving part of their sentence. In lieu of inmates completing their full sentences, parole tries to achieve releasing inmates early based on the idea that the inmate has been sufficiently punished, and should be given the opportunity to become a law abiding citizen, capable of functioning in our society with adequate supervision. Although parole attempts to carefully screen inmates prior to granting early release, their decisions often do not merit wise choices. As a social worker, I e... ... middle of paper ... ...niors who brought us into this generation. We deserve to be protected as much as any other human race.
The idea that every effort should be made to return offenders to the community as “law-abiding-citizens” was developed. In order to do so, rehabilitation of offenders and change towards the community was important. Until the mid 1970’s, rehabilitation was a key part of U.S. prison policy. Prisoners were encouraged to develop job skills and resolve any psychological issues that they may have which can cause them to have issues with re-integration into society (Benson, 2003). Currently, rehabilitation is highly encouraged.
While in the corrections phase of the criminal justice system, an inmate can be released into society in lieu of serving prison time through means of parole and probation. When an offender is on parole, this means they are released from prison with certain provisions in place for a certain amount of time (“Difference Between Probation and Parole”, n.d.). This type of release is typically given after approval by a parole board. Probation is used to describe an offender who is sentenced to serve prison time, but is instead allowed to serve the time outside confinement with certain conditions in place (“Difference Between Probation and Parole”, n.d.). Unlike parole, an offender on probation is usually handed down the sentence by judges of a court
Also, they view imprisonment as a deterrent against future crimes. For example, if a law-breaker sees his friend imprisoned for a crime he committed, then the other party will be less willing to break the law and end up in prison as well. Furthermore, punishment itself would satisfy most of society when the criminal is imprisoned. Prison offers law-breakers a chance to receive drug treatment, educational benefits, and as stated before, a chance at rehabilitation. Also, incarceration costs less than leaving criminals out of prisons because the cost of housing inmates is less than the cost of their crimes incur.