The American Revolution (1765-1783) established the United States of America as an independent country that rejected the hegemony of the British. Nearly a century later, the Civil War (1861-1865) defined the future course of the fledgling nation – whether it would be a free country that treated all its citizens equally or earn the dubious distinction of being one of the largest slaveholding countries in the world.
Decades of escalating conflict between the North and the South over the institution of slavery and its expansion into the new western territories as well as states’ rights eventually resulted in an all-out war between the States. The 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, a staunch abolitionist, was the final straw – following his election, 11 southern states seceded from the Union; an event succeeded by one of the deadliest wars ever fought on American soil.
While the Civil War had a happy ending – slavery was abolished and the warring factions joined hands to form the United States of America. But the conflict took a terrible toll – 6,20,000 of the 2.4 million soldiers who fought in the war lost their lives, millions more were injured and the South and its economy were devastated. One of the biggest losses incurred by the Union on the eve of victory was that of Abraham Lincoln; the great leader was assassinated on 15th April 1865, by Confederate sympathiser John Wilkes Booth. Confederate resistance gave way on 10th May 1865 and the war finally ended.
The American Civil War is a watershed event in the history of the United States. It has been commemorated in statues and memorials, in re-enactment of key battles, in literature, art, films, video games and in the issuance of stamps and coins with Civil War themes.
Below is a comprehensive list of Civil War-themed essays and academic papers that cover all aspects of this era in American history.
The civil war a war between the Northern states of our countryand the Southern states, started in April of 1861 and lasted until April of 1865, however the problems that started the war started amny years before that. The Northern part of the U.S became industrialized. That means built large factories and manufactured things like iron products and textiles or fabric. Northern states needed people to work in their factories and most of them came as immigrants from Europe. Nothern States were covered
The United States Civil War: A Time of Change and Equality for All The United States Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865, represented a time of major change around the world. This civil war that absorbed our nation during the mid 1860s not only fought for the rights of African Americans in the United States but for the rights and respects of African Americans around the globe. These times of fighting altered the lives of women living in a strongly patriarchal society by giving females a chance
volunteers who chose to go to war. They wanted to win a quick victory but instead found that there was a lot of marching and drill, living outdoors, disease, bad weather, and boredom. Where did all the soldiers who fought at Gettysburg come from? Why did they choose to go to war? How were the armies different? How were they so much alike? Just who were "Billy Yank" and "Johnny Reb"?Welcome! You're probably here because you are curious about our nation's past and the Civil War. At Gettysburg National Military
The Civil War The American Civil War was a grave turning point in the history of North America. It was a conflict that pitted the Northern states of the American union against the Southern states. The war raged for four years, from 1861 to 1865, and was marked by some of the fiercest military campaigns in modern history. In this essay, you will learn the causes of the American Civil war, as well as the after effects of the war. It has been extremely hard for historians to exactly pin-point the
Civil War Civil war was the greatest war in American history. It was waged in 10,000 places-from Valverde, New Mexico, and Fernandina on the Florida coast. More than three million Americans fought in it and more than 600,00 men died in it. It was not only the immensity of the fight but the new weapons, the new standards of generalship, and the strategies of destruction which made the Civil War an event present ever since in the American consciousness. Here are some of the crucial events
The Civil War The Civil War is acknowledged as the greatest war in American history. Known as "The War that Never Ended". Nearly three million fought, and 600,000 died. It was the only war fought on American soil by Americans, and for that reason we have always been fascinated with The Civil War. On April 12, 1861, at 4:30 AM, Confederates under General Pierre Beauregard opened fire upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina with the use of 50 cannons. The Civil War began. The Civil War
Civil War During the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861-1865, over 620,000 accounted soldiers were killed. Known as the "the first modern war", historians generally agree that the reason for this was because this was a time of transition for the military. Armies and Navies were still using tactics where they would gather large forces of firepower to bear on the enemy. At the same time, weapons were being developed which were accurate and lethal well beyond any arms of the earlier conflicts
After the Civil War ended in 1865, the south was in total ruins. Houses were destroyed, crops were gone, and lives would never be the same again. It wouldn’t be until years after the war that people would get their lives back on track. Whites in the south now hated the blacks and still think they are inferior. The process of rebuilding that followed the American Civil War was known as reconstruction. The war left a set of pressing questions concerning with what to do with the South. These questions
civil war3 Albert Gallatin Brown, U.S. Senator from Mississippi, speaking with regard to the several filibuster expeditions to Central America: "I want Cuba . . . I want Tamaulipas, Potosi, and one or two other Mexican States; and I want them all for the same reason -- for the planting and spreading of slavery." [Battle Cry of Freedom, p. 106.] Richmond Enquirer, 1856: "Democratic liberty exists solely because we have slaves . . . freedom is not possible without slavery." Lawrence Keitt